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Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries 2005

Monitoring and Evaluation

image of Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries 2005

This book is a unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture. Separate chapters describe and evaluate agricultural policy developments in each OECD member, including important developments such as the single payment scheme in EU countries and the introduction of the Canadian Agricultural Income Stabilisation programme. A special chapter examines the implications of the enlarged EU on agricultural production, trade, income, Common Agricultural Policy implementation, and support levels. This edition also includes a special section on agricultural support in four non-OECD EU countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovenia. The statistical graphs and tables in this book feature StatLinks, URLs to spreadsheets providing the underlying data.

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Evaluation of Support Policy Developments

This chapter focuses on agricultural support in OECD countries, evaluating changes both in the short-term (2004 compared with 2003) and over the longer term (the 2002-04 average compared with the 1986-88 base period). It first discusses the level of support provided to producers at the OECD total level and how this varies between OECD countries. Changes in the composition of support are then considered. This is important because the effects of support on production, trade, income and the environment are related to the way in which it is provided to producers. The spread in support levels between commodities is then examined because this is also a potential source of distortion. Estimates are also provided on the level and composition of support to general agricultural services and the total value of support that results from agricultural policies. Finally, some conclusions are drawn about agricultural policy reform progress being made in OECD countries in terms of lowering the level of support, shifting its composition to less productionlinked policy measures, and reducing differences in the level of support between commodities.

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