Slovenia

Slovenia’s development co-operation focuses on its near neighbourhood in the Western Balkans and Eastern Europe. The majority of official development assistance (ODA) is delivered multilaterally, notably through European Union (EU) institutions. Total ODA (USD 114.8 million, preliminary data) increased in 2021, representing 0.19% of gross national income (GNI). ODA increases exceeded COVID-19 vaccine donations.

Find the methodological notes behind the profile here.

Slovenia’s legal and policy framework comprises the International Development Co-operation of the Republic of Slovenia Act, the September 2017 Resolution, the November 2018 Decree, and the Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid Strategy until 2030, providing a framework for multilateral activities and scope to enhance bilateral co-operation. Through its co-operation, Slovenia targets four Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): 1) decent work and economic growth; 2) sustainable consumption and production; 3) climate action; and 4) peaceful and inclusive societies. Bilateral ODA focuses on Slovenia’s near neighbourhood in the Western Balkans and Eastern Europe.

The majority of Slovenia’s ODA is delivered multilaterally, notably through the EU. Slovenia strives for a strong EU and a strong multilateral system, and pays particular attention to the integration of Western Balkan countries into the EU and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Slovenia held the Presidency of the European Council in the second half of 2021, the second time it has done so. Priorities included strengthening the EU’s resilience to future health crises, natural disasters and cyberattacks.

Slovenia underwent its first OECD-DAC peer review in 2017. The 2020 OECD-DAC mid-term review recognised the government’s efforts to build its development co-operation system, including to strengthen staff and partner understanding of the importance of gender equality and environmental protection as cross-cutting issues. The mid-term review encouraged Slovenia to articulate more clearly how its development co-operation defines and seeks to eradicate poverty, particularly in middle-income countries in its immediate neighbourhood. Learn more about the 2017 OECD-DAC peer review and the 2020 OECD-DAC mid-term review of Slovenia.

Slovenia provided USD 114.8 million (preliminary data) of ODA in 2021,1 representing 0.19% of GNI. This was an increase of 19.03% in real terms in volume and an increase in share of GNI from 2020, mostly due to an increase in bilateral grants, including vaccine donations, and contributions to multilateral organisations. Slovenia is committed, at the European level, to achieve 0.33% ODA/GNI and collectively a 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio by 2030. Slovenia provided all of its ODA as grants in 2020.2

In 2021, Slovenia ranked 22nd among Development Assistance Committee (DAC) member countries when ODA is taken as a share of GNI. ODA volume has been slowly increasing over the past five years. Most of Slovenia’s ODA is provided multilaterally, primarily to EU institutions. Over half of bilateral ODA is provided to upper middle-income countries in the Western Balkans and Eastern Europe. In 2020, Slovenia’s support to gender equality increased slightly, while support to the environment and climate change fell compared to the previous year. Humanitarian assistance was below the internal 10% target. Compared to other DAC members, a low share of bilateral ODA is provided for civil society organisations (CSOs).

Slovenia is committed to several international targets and Development Assistance Committee standards and recommendations. Learn more about DAC recommendations.

Slovenia provided most of its ODA multilaterally in 2020. Gross bilateral ODA was 34% of total ODA. Ten per cent of gross bilateral ODA was channelled through multilateral organisations (earmarked contributions). Slovenia allocated 66% of total ODA as core contributions to multilateral organisations.

In 2020, Slovenia provided USD 2.2 million of gross bilateral ODA for the COVID-19 response, representing 7.0% of its total gross bilateral ODA. Two per cent of total gross bilateral ODA was provided as health expenditure within the COVID-19 response.

In 2020, Slovenia provided USD 63.5 million of gross ODA to the multilateral system, an increase of 3.1% in real terms from 2019. Of this, USD 60.5 million was core multilateral ODA, while non-core contributions were earmarked for a specific country, region, theme or purpose. Project-type funding that is earmarked for a specific theme and/or country accounted for 12.3% of Slovenia’s non-core contributions and 87.7% was programmatic funding (to pooled funds and specific-purpose programmes and funds).

Eighty-four per cent of Slovenia’s total contributions to multilateral organisations in 2020 was allocated to EU institutions.

The United Nations (UN) system received 6.4%, mainly through core contributions. Out of a total volume of USD 4.1 million to the UN system, the top three UN recipients of Slovenia’s support (core and earmarked contributions) were: the UN Secretariat (USD 1 million), the UNDPO (USD 600 000) and the the IAEA (USD 300 000).

See the section on Geographic and sectoral focus of ODA for the breakdown of bilateral allocations, including ODA earmarked through the multilateral development system. Learn more about multilateral development finance.

In 2020, Slovenia’s bilateral spending declined compared to the previous year. It provided USD 31.2 million of gross bilateral ODA (which includes earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations). This represented a decrease of 2.7% in real terms from 2019. In 2020, Slovenia focused most of its bilateral ODA on addressing the education, partnerships, reduced inequality, and peace and justice goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

In 2020, country programmable aid was 19% of Slovenia’s gross bilateral ODA, compared to a DAC country average of 49.7%. In-donor refugee costs were USD 2.7 million in 2020, an increase of 16.5% in real terms over 2019, and represented 2.9% of Slovenia’s total gross ODA.

In 2020, Slovenia channelled bilateral ODA mainly through the public sector. Technical co-operation made up 21.3% of gross ODA in 2020.

In 2020, CSOs received USD 2.5 million of gross bilateral ODA. Two per cent of gross bilateral ODA was allocated to CSOs as core contributions and 6.1% was channelled through CSOs to implement projects initiated by the donor (earmarked funding). From 2019 to 2020, the combined core and earmarked contributions for CSOs as a share of bilateral ODA was stable, at just over 8%. Learn more about ODA allocations to and through CSOs, civil society engagement in development co-operation, and the DAC Recommendation on Enabling Civil Society in Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid.

In 2020, Slovenia’s bilateral ODA was primarily focused on Europe. USD 22.1 million was allocated to ODA-eligible countries in Europe and USD 1 million was allocated to the Middle East, accounting respectively for 70.9% and 3.1% of gross bilateral ODA. USD 400 000 was allocated to Africa, equal to 1.4% of gross bilateral ODA. Europe was also the main regional recipient of Slovenia’s earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations, in line with its policy priorities.

In 2020, 70.8% of gross bilateral ODA went to Slovenia’s top 10 recipients. Its top 10 recipients are mostly in Europe, in particular in the Western Balkans, in line with Slovenia’s policy priorities. The share of gross bilateral ODA that was not allocated by country was 25.7%, mainly due to expenditure for in-donor refugees.

In 2020, least developed countries (LDCs) received 1.3% of Slovenia’s gross bilateral ODA (USD 0.4 million). This is below the DAC country average of 24.4%. Slovenia allocated the highest share of gross bilateral ODA (64.9%) to upper middle-income countries in 2020, noting that 25.7% was unallocated by income group. Slovenia allocated 0.3% of gross bilateral ODA to small island developing states in 2020, equal to USD 100 000.

Support to fragile contexts reached USD 0.7 million in 2020, representing 2.3% of Slovenia’s gross bilateral ODA. Forty-nine per cent of this ODA was provided in the form of humanitarian assistance, increasing slightly from 47.8% in 2019, while 13.9% was allocated to peace, a decrease from 37.5% in 2019. Fourteen per cent went to conflict prevention, a subset of contributions to peace, representing a decrease from 37.5% in 2019.

Learn more about support to fragile contexts on the States of Fragility platform.

In 2020, more than half of all of Slovenia’s bilateral ODA was allocated to social infrastructure and services. Investments in this area accounted for 71.9% of bilateral ODA commitments (USD 21.6 million), with a strong focus on support to education (USD 16.7 million), followed by government and civil society (USD 3.6 million). ODA for economic infrastructure and services totalled USD 530 000, with a focus on financial and business services (USD 500 000). Bilateral humanitarian assistance amounted to USD 1.2 million (4.1% of bilateral ODA). Earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations focused also on social sectors in 2020.

In 2020, Slovenia did not commit any bilateral ODA to the mobilisation of domestic resources in developing countries. Slovenia committed USD 800 000 (9.5% of its bilateral allocable aid) to promote aid for trade and improve developing countries’ trade performance and integration into the world economy in 2020. Slovenia is among the top 10 providers of aid for trade globally.

In 2020, Slovenia committed 37.2% of its screened bilateral allocable aid to gender equality and women’s empowerment, as either a principal or significant objective (up slightly from 35.5% in 2019),3 compared with the 2020 DAC country average of 44.6%. This is equal to USD 2.1 million of bilateral ODA in support of gender equality. The share of screened bilateral allocable aid committed to gender equality and women’s empowerment as a principal objective was 22.9%, compared with the 2020 DAC country average of 4.8%. Interventions in education and government and civil society focus less on gender than other sectors. Slovenia screens most activities against the DAC gender equality policy marker (71% in 2020). Learn more about ODA focused on gender equality, the DAC Network on Gender Equality and the DAC Recommendation on Ending Sexual Exploitation in Development Co-operation.

In 2020, Slovenia committed 23.6% of its total bilateral allocable aid (USD 1.9 million) in support of the environment and the Rio Conventions (the DAC country average was 38.8%), up from 31.1% in 2019. Eleven per cent of screened bilateral allocable aid in 2020 focused on environmental issues as a principal objective, compared with the DAC country average of 10.8%. Fourteen per cent of total bilateral allocable aid (USD 1.2 million) focused on climate change overall, down from 28.5% in 2019 (the DAC country average was 34%). Slovenia had a greater focus on mitigation (18.7%) than on adaptation (1.8%) in 2020. Learn more about climate-related development finance and the DAC Declaration on Aligning Development Co-operation with the Goals of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

Slovenia provides resource flows to developing countries beyond ODA and makes use of leveraging instruments to mobilise private finance for development.

Slovenia uses its ODA to mobilise private finance for development. In 2020, Slovenia’s Ministries of Defence and Foreign Affairs mobilised USD 200 000 from the private sector through simple co-financing.

A share of 88% targeted middle-income countries and 12% the LDCs in 2020.

Private finance mobilised by Slovenia in 2020 related mainly to activities in the health (61%) and government and civil society (22%) sectors. Moreover, 24% of Slovenia’s total private finance mobilised was for climate change mitigation and/or adaptation.

Learn more about the amounts mobilised from the private sector for development.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) is the national co-ordinator for development co-operation, responsible for co-ordinating development co-operation policies and implementation between line ministries, and consulting with providers, the private sector, civil society and other stakeholders. The Permanent Coordination Group for International Development Cooperation plans, co-ordinates and monitors the implementation of development co-operation. In 2019, the Ministry of Finance disbursed the largest amount of ODA, primarily to multilateral institutions, followed by the MFA.

An important mechanism for consulting stakeholders is the Expert Council, which advises the Minister of Foreign Affairs on development co-operation. It comprises representatives from ministries, foundations, CSOs, academia, businesses and others with experience in development co-operation. CSOs active in development co-operation, humanitarian assistance and global citizenship education co-ordinate through the umbrella body Platforma SLOGA (Slovenian Global Action).

Internal systems and processes help ensure the effective delivery of Slovenia’s development co-operation. Select features are shown in Features of Slovenia’s systems for quality and oversight.

Explore the Monitoring Dashboard of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation.

2020 OECD-DAC mid-term review of Slovenia: https://www.oecd.org/dac/peer-reviews/Slovenia-Mid-term-Review-Letter.pdf

2017 OECD-DAC peer review of Slovenia: www.oecd.org/dac/oecd-development-co-operation-peer-reviews-slovenia-2017-9789264279308-en.htm

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia, Directorate for Multilateral Affairs and Development Cooperation: https://www.gov.si/en/state-authorities/ministries/ministry-of-foreign-affairs/about-the-ministry/directorate-for-multilateral-affairs-and-development-cooperation

Resolution on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Assistance of the Republic of Slovenia: https://www.gov.si/assets/ministrstva/MZZ/Dokumenti/multilaterala/razvojno-sodelovanje/Resolution-on-development-cooperation-and-humanitarian-assistance-of-the-Republic-of-Slovenia.pdf

CSO umbrella organisation Platforma SLOGA (Slovenian Global Action): https://sloga-platform.org

Member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee since 2013.

The methodological notes provide further details on the definitions and statistical methodologies applied, including the grant-equivalent methodology, core and earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations, country programmable aid, channels of delivery, bilateral ODA unspecified/unallocated, bilateral allocable aid, the gender equality policy marker, and the environment markers.

Notes

← 1. DAC members adopted the grant-equivalent methodology starting from their reporting of 2018 data as a more accurate way to count the donor effort in development loans. See the methodological notes for further details.

← 2. Other providers also provide non-grants, which include sovereign loans, multilateral loans, equity investment and loans to the private sector.

← 3. The use of the recommended minimum criteria for the marker by some members in recent years can result in lower levels of aid reported as being focused on gender equality.

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