827. Namibia can legally issue the following four types of rulings within the scope of the transparency framework: (i) cross-border unilateral APAs and any other cross-border unilateral tax rulings (such as an advance tax ruling) covering transfer pricing or the application of transfer pricing principles; (ii) rulings providing for unilateral downward adjustments; (iii) permanent establishment rulings; and (iv) related party conduit rulings. Namibia’s domestic tax laws do not contain a specific provision on issuing rulings.

828. For Namibia, past rulings are any tax rulings issued prior to 1 March 2020. However, there is no obligation for Namibia to conduct spontaneous exchange information on past rulings.

829. For Namibia, future rulings are any tax rulings within scope that are issued on or after 1 March 2020.

830. No rulings were issued by Namibia during the future rulings period in the year in review. However, Namibia indicates that there are not yet processes in place to ensure the implementation of the obligations relating to the transparency framework.

831. Namibia did not yet have a review and supervision mechanism under the transparency framework for the year in review.

832. Namibia is recommended to ensure that it has put in place an effective information gathering process to identify all relevant future rulings and all potential exchange jurisdictions and to implement a review and supervision mechanism, as soon as possible (ToR I.A).

833. Namibia notes that although it does not have an explicit domestic legal basis to exchange information spontaneously, international agreements can override secrecy provisions prohibiting the exchange of information. Therefore, Namibia will be able to exchange information on rulings with jurisdictions that are treaty partners. Furthermore, there are no legal or practical impediments that prevent the spontaneous exchange of information on rulings as contemplated in the Action 5 minimum standard.

834. Namibia has international agreements permitting spontaneous exchange of information, including bilateral agreements in force with 11 jurisdictions.1 Namibia signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters: Amended by the 2010 Protocol (OECD/Council of Europe, 2011[4]) (“the Convention”) on 29 September 2020 and ratified on 9 December 2020. The Convention entered into force on 1 April 2021. No exchanges could occur under the Convention for the year in review.2

835. Namibia does not yet have a process to complete the templates on all relevant rulings, to make them available to the Competent Authority for exchange of information, and to exchange them with relevant jurisdictions.

836. During the year in review, no exchanges were required to take place and no data on the timeliness of exchanges is reported.

837. Namibia is recommended to develop a process to complete the templates for all relevant rulings and to ensure that the exchanges of information on rulings occur in accordance with the form and timelines under the transparency framework going forward (ToR II.B).

838. As there was no information on rulings exchanged by Namibia for the year in review, no statistics can be reported.

839. Namibia does not offer an intellectual property regime for which transparency requirements under the Action 5 Report (OECD, 2015[1]) were imposed.


[3] OECD (2021), BEPS Action 5 on Harmful Tax Practices - Terms of Reference and Methodology for the Conduct of the Peer Reviews of the Action 5 Transparency Framework, OECD Publishing, Paris,

[1] OECD (2015), Countering Harmful Tax Practices More Effectively, Taking into Account Transparency and Substance, Action 5 - 2015 Final Report, OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project, OECD Publishing, Paris,

[2] OECD (ed.) (2017b), Harmful Tax Practices - 2017 Progress Report on Preferential Regimes, OECD Publishing, Paris,

[4] OECD/Council of Europe (2011), The Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters: Amended by the 2010 Protocol, OECD Publishing, Paris,


← 1. Namibia has bilateral agreements with Botswana, France, Germany, India, Malaysia, Mauritius, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, United Kingdom.

← 2. Participating jurisdictions to the Convention are available here:

Metadata, Legal and Rights

This document, as well as any data and map included herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area. Extracts from publications may be subject to additional disclaimers, which are set out in the complete version of the publication, available at the link provided.

© OECD 2021

The use of this work, whether digital or print, is governed by the Terms and Conditions to be found at