copy the linklink copied!Annex B1. Results for countries and economies

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Table III.B1.2.1. Students’ exposure to bullying
Based on students’ reports

Index of exposure to bullying1

Percentage of frequently bullied students2

Any type of bullying act

Average

Variability

Never or almost never

A few times a year

A few times a month

Once a week or more

Mean index

S.E.

S.D.

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

OECD

Australia

0.33

(0.01)

1.12

(0.01)

13.0

(0.4)

36.8

(0.5)

33.7

(0.5)

16.3

(0.4)

13.2

(0.4)

Austria

- 0.02

(0.02)

0.97

(0.02)

6.8

(0.5)

46.9

(0.9)

29.9

(0.7)

13.4

(0.6)

9.8

(0.5)

Belgium

- 0.11

(0.01)

0.89

(0.01)

5.3

(0.2)

45.7

(0.6)

35.7

(0.6)

11.6

(0.4)

7.0

(0.3)

Canada

0.14

(0.01)

1.04

(0.01)

9.3

(0.3)

43.4

(0.6)

31.4

(0.5)

15.2

(0.4)

10.0

(0.3)

Chile

0.00

(0.02)

1.00

(0.02)

7.8

(0.4)

46.2

(0.7)

30.0

(0.6)

15.5

(0.6)

8.3

(0.4)

Colombia

0.18

(0.02)

1.09

(0.01)

11.7

(0.5)

41.3

(0.8)

26.4

(0.8)

20.1

(0.8)

12.2

(0.6)

Czech Republic

0.02

(0.02)

1.03

(0.02)

8.2

(0.4)

42.1

(0.9)

28.2

(0.6)

15.9

(0.6)

13.8

(0.6)

Denmark

0.03

(0.02)

0.89

(0.01)

5.0

(0.4)

38.7

(1.0)

39.9

(0.8)

13.8

(0.5)

7.6

(0.4)

Estonia

0.08

(0.02)

0.99

(0.01)

8.3

(0.4)

44.8

(0.9)

29.8

(0.8)

15.8

(0.7)

9.6

(0.5)

Finland

- 0.03

(0.02)

0.96

(0.01)

6.2

(0.4)

49.3

(0.7)

32.9

(0.7)

10.6

(0.4)

7.1

(0.4)

France

- 0.08

(0.02)

0.98

(0.01)

6.8

(0.3)

51.3

(0.8)

28.9

(0.7)

11.9

(0.5)

7.9

(0.4)

Germany

- 0.01

(0.02)

0.93

(0.02)

6.2

(0.5)

42.7

(1.1)

34.6

(0.9)

14.4

(0.8)

8.2

(0.6)

Greece

0.01

(0.02)

1.00

(0.02)

7.6

(0.4)

47.9

(0.8)

25.1

(0.6)

14.9

(0.5)

12.1

(0.5)

Hungary

- 0.11

(0.02)

0.99

(0.02)

7.4

(0.4)

52.6

(1.0)

24.9

(0.8)

12.8

(0.5)

9.8

(0.6)

Iceland

- 0.19

(0.02)

0.92

(0.02)

4.9

(0.4)

62.6

(0.9)

20.2

(0.8)

10.3

(0.6)

6.9

(0.4)

Ireland

0.13

(0.02)

1.01

(0.01)

8.7

(0.4)

41.1

(0.8)

36.2

(0.8)

12.8

(0.5)

9.9

(0.4)

Israel

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Italy

- 0.07

(0.02)

1.02

(0.02)

7.9

(0.4)

53.4

(0.7)

22.9

(0.7)

12.9

(0.6)

10.8

(0.5)

Japan

- 0.28

(0.01)

0.87

(0.01)

4.3

(0.3)

65.3

(0.9)

17.4

(0.6)

8.6

(0.4)

8.6

(0.5)

Korea

m

m

m

m

m

m

80.1

(0.7)

10.5

(0.4)

4.2

(0.3)

5.2

(0.3)

Latvia

0.37

(0.02)

1.03

(0.01)

11.3

(0.6)

28.8

(0.6)

35.7

(0.7)

21.7

(0.6)

13.8

(0.6)

Lithuania

0.02

(0.02)

1.07

(0.01)

9.7

(0.4)

52.3

(0.7)

25.0

(0.6)

13.7

(0.5)

9.0

(0.5)

Luxembourg

- 0.04

(0.01)

0.97

(0.01)

6.9

(0.4)

47.6

(0.7)

31.7

(0.7)

12.7

(0.5)

7.9

(0.4)

Mexico

0.00

(0.02)

1.01

(0.02)

8.8

(0.5)

49.2

(0.9)

27.8

(0.7)

14.2

(0.6)

8.8

(0.6)

Netherlands*

- 0.30

(0.01)

0.74

(0.02)

2.3

(0.3)

53.8

(1.0)

34.1

(1.0)

8.2

(0.5)

4.0

(0.3)

New Zealand

0.40

(0.02)

1.12

(0.01)

15.0

(0.6)

33.0

(0.7)

35.5

(0.7)

17.5

(0.6)

14.1

(0.5)

Norway

- 0.13

(0.02)

0.93

(0.01)

5.0

(0.3)

51.0

(0.8)

30.2

(0.7)

11.5

(0.5)

7.3

(0.4)

Poland

0.07

(0.02)

1.03

(0.01)

8.3

(0.4)

42.6

(0.9)

31.0

(0.7)

15.5

(0.6)

10.8

(0.5)

Portugal*

- 0.25

(0.01)

0.87

(0.01)

5.3

(0.3)

61.4

(0.9)

25.0

(0.7)

8.2

(0.5)

5.4

(0.3)

Slovak Republic

0.08

(0.02)

1.05

(0.02)

9.2

(0.5)

44.3

(0.8)

27.5

(0.7)

15.8

(0.6)

12.5

(0.5)

Slovenia

- 0.11

(0.02)

0.98

(0.01)

6.6

(0.4)

52.4

(0.8)

26.7

(0.7)

12.6

(0.6)

8.3

(0.5)

Spain

- 0.21

(0.01)

0.91

(0.01)

5.3

(0.2)

56.2

(0.6)

26.6

(0.4)

10.1

(0.3)

7.2

(0.2)

Sweden

- 0.12

(0.02)

0.93

(0.02)

5.6

(0.3)

49.7

(0.9)

31.0

(0.8)

11.2

(0.5)

8.0

(0.4)

Switzerland

0.00

(0.02)

0.97

(0.02)

6.7

(0.5)

43.6

(1.1)

34.0

(1.0)

14.4

(0.8)

8.0

(0.5)

Turkey

- 0.05

(0.02)

1.05

(0.01)

8.9

(0.4)

55.1

(0.9)

20.8

(0.5)

14.2

(0.4)

9.9

(0.5)

United Kingdom

0.24

(0.02)

1.06

(0.01)

10.9

(0.5)

37.9

(0.7)

35.1

(0.6)

15.4

(0.4)

11.7

(0.5)

United States*

0.15

(0.02)

1.05

(0.01)

10.3

(0.5)

43.1

(0.9)

30.9

(0.7)

15.1

(0.6)

10.9

(0.5)

OECD average

0.00

(0.00)

0.98

(0.00)

7.8

(0.1)

48.2

(0.1)

29.1

(0.1)

13.4

(0.1)

9.3

(0.1)

Partners

Albania

- 0.06

(0.02)

0.99

(0.02)

7.1

(0.4)

50.5

(0.9)

24.0

(0.7)

14.6

(0.5)

10.8

(0.5)

Argentina

0.17

(0.02)

1.08

(0.01)

11.3

(0.5)

37.5

(0.8)

30.0

(0.7)

16.0

(0.5)

16.4

(0.6)

Baku (Azerbaijan)

0.24

(0.02)

1.30

(0.02)

18.0

(0.8)

49.0

(1.0)

15.3

(0.7)

20.5

(0.8)

15.3

(0.7)

Belarus

- 0.16

(0.01)

0.93

(0.01)

5.6

(0.4)

57.6

(0.8)

23.9

(0.7)

12.8

(0.5)

5.7

(0.4)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

- 0.07

(0.02)

1.06

(0.02)

9.4

(0.5)

55.3

(0.9)

19.4

(0.5)

13.7

(0.5)

11.6

(0.5)

Brazil

0.15

(0.02)

1.11

(0.01)

11.8

(0.5)

43.8

(0.7)

27.3

(0.6)

15.5

(0.5)

13.5

(0.5)

Brunei Darussalam

0.82

(0.01)

1.11

(0.01)

26.3

(0.6)

19.3

(0.5)

30.6

(0.6)

23.7

(0.6)

26.4

(0.6)

B-S-J-Z (China)

- 0.20

(0.01)

0.89

(0.01)

4.0

(0.3)

51.7

(0.9)

30.6

(0.6)

11.4

(0.5)

6.3

(0.3)

Bulgaria

0.19

(0.02)

1.20

(0.02)

13.5

(0.6)

43.6

(1.0)

22.5

(0.7)

17.6

(0.8)

16.3

(0.7)

Costa Rica

- 0.02

(0.02)

1.06

(0.01)

8.8

(0.4)

48.0

(0.7)

27.7

(0.7)

13.1

(0.5)

11.2

(0.5)

Croatia

- 0.20

(0.02)

0.96

(0.02)

5.9

(0.3)

58.4

(0.8)

23.4

(0.6)

10.3

(0.4)

7.9

(0.4)

Cyprus

0.26

(0.02)

1.20

(0.02)

14.6

(0.6)

41.2

(0.7)

24.8

(0.7)

16.7

(0.6)

17.3

(0.6)

Dominican Republic

0.52

(0.05)

1.29

(0.03)

22.0

(1.4)

34.0

(1.5)

22.1

(1.1)

23.9

(1.1)

19.9

(1.2)

Georgia

- 0.21

(0.02)

1.01

(0.02)

8.4

(0.5)

58.1

(1.0)

18.3

(0.6)

12.3

(0.6)

11.3

(0.6)

Hong Kong (China)*

0.11

(0.02)

1.05

(0.01)

9.1

(0.4)

45.5

(0.8)

25.2

(0.6)

15.5

(0.6)

13.8

(0.5)

Indonesia

0.39

(0.02)

1.16

(0.01)

15.2

(0.7)

34.1

(0.9)

24.8

(0.8)

22.8

(0.8)

18.4

(0.7)

Jordan

0.28

(0.02)

1.16

(0.02)

12.9

(0.7)

38.5

(0.8)

23.6

(0.7)

18.9

(0.6)

19.1

(0.7)

Kazakhstan

0.12

(0.02)

1.15

(0.01)

12.6

(0.4)

51.0

(0.6)

16.9

(0.4)

19.7

(0.5)

12.4

(0.4)

Kosovo

0.12

(0.02)

1.01

(0.01)

8.5

(0.5)

40.7

(0.8)

27.4

(0.7)

19.0

(0.7)

12.9

(0.6)

Lebanon

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Macao (China)

0.14

(0.02)

1.03

(0.01)

10.3

(0.5)

42.1

(0.8)

30.9

(0.6)

13.9

(0.5)

13.1

(0.6)

Malaysia

0.36

(0.02)

1.09

(0.01)

13.7

(0.5)

34.0

(0.7)

30.3

(0.6)

20.6

(0.6)

15.2

(0.6)

Malta

0.33

(0.02)

1.13

(0.02)

13.9

(0.6)

37.2

(0.8)

31.0

(0.8)

17.9

(0.6)

13.9

(0.6)

Moldova

0.01

(0.02)

0.94

(0.01)

6.4

(0.3)

40.3

(1.0)

35.8

(0.7)

14.9

(0.6)

9.0

(0.4)

Montenegro

- 0.07

(0.01)

1.08

(0.01)

9.1

(0.4)

54.9

(0.7)

20.0

(0.6)

12.8

(0.5)

12.2

(0.5)

Morocco

0.39

(0.03)

1.09

(0.02)

14.1

(0.8)

28.5

(1.0)

27.7

(0.8)

25.2

(1.1)

18.6

(0.9)

North Macedonia

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Panama

0.16

(0.03)

1.12

(0.02)

13.1

(0.9)

42.9

(1.2)

24.0

(1.3)

18.7

(1.0)

14.5

(0.9)

Peru

- 0.10

(0.02)

0.96

(0.02)

6.0

(0.5)

48.1

(1.2)

29.4

(1.0)

13.7

(0.9)

8.8

(0.6)

Philippines

1.27

(0.02)

1.16

(0.01)

40.1

(0.8)

12.3

(0.5)

22.8

(0.6)

29.8

(0.6)

35.1

(0.8)

Qatar

0.29

(0.01)

1.12

(0.01)

13.0

(0.3)

36.3

(0.4)

30.4

(0.4)

19.1

(0.3)

14.2

(0.3)

Romania

0.30

(0.03)

1.07

(0.01)

11.5

(0.6)

33.2

(0.9)

33.0

(0.8)

19.1

(0.7)

14.7

(0.7)

Russia

0.33

(0.02)

1.11

(0.01)

12.4

(0.5)

37.2

(0.8)

26.2

(0.6)

20.5

(0.5)

16.1

(0.6)

Saudi Arabia

0.03

(0.02)

1.02

(0.01)

7.5

(0.4)

46.0

(0.8)

24.1

(0.7)

16.0

(0.5)

13.9

(0.5)

Serbia

- 0.10

(0.02)

1.07

(0.02)

9.7

(0.6)

56.9

(0.9)

17.6

(0.5)

14.0

(0.6)

11.6

(0.6)

Singapore

0.26

(0.01)

1.02

(0.01)

9.8

(0.4)

36.0

(0.7)

38.0

(0.7)

14.7

(0.4)

11.2

(0.4)

Chinese Taipei

- 0.36

(0.01)

0.80

(0.01)

3.1

(0.3)

68.1

(0.8)

18.7

(0.6)

8.4

(0.4)

4.8

(0.3)

Thailand

0.16

(0.02)

1.14

(0.01)

12.6

(0.5)

49.8

(0.9)

23.1

(0.6)

16.2

(0.6)

10.9

(0.4)

Ukraine

- 0.03

(0.02)

0.98

(0.01)

7.6

(0.4)

48.3

(0.8)

29.5

(0.7)

13.4

(0.5)

8.9

(0.4)

United Arab Emirates

0.24

(0.01)

1.14

(0.01)

12.6

(0.4)

40.7

(0.7)

28.2

(0.4)

17.0

(0.4)

14.1

(0.3)

Uruguay

0.05

(0.02)

1.02

(0.02)

8.5

(0.5)

45.5

(1.0)

28.9

(0.9)

15.6

(0.8)

10.0

(0.6)

Viet Nam

0.08

(0.02)

0.95

(0.01)

6.9

(0.5)

37.9

(1.0)

35.2

(0.8)

16.9

(0.7)

10.0

(0.5)

Percentage of students who reported the following:

Other students left me out of things on purpose

Other students made fun of me

Never or almost never

A few times a year

A few times a month

Once a week or more

Never or almost never

A few times a year

A few times a month

Once a week or more

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

OECD

Australia

58.3

(0.5)

28.2

(0.5)

8.8

(0.3)

4.7

(0.2)

50.1

(0.5)

28.9

(0.6)

12.0

(0.4)

9.0

(0.3)

Austria

80.1

(0.7)

12.8

(0.5)

4.3

(0.3)

2.7

(0.3)

58.2

(0.9)

27.4

(0.8)

9.0

(0.4)

5.4

(0.4)

Belgium

81.4

(0.5)

13.1

(0.5)

3.3

(0.2)

2.2

(0.2)

62.4

(0.6)

26.5

(0.5)

7.0

(0.3)

4.1

(0.3)

Canada

64.6

(0.6)

24.4

(0.4)

7.5

(0.3)

3.5

(0.2)

57.7

(0.5)

25.7

(0.5)

10.1

(0.3)

6.5

(0.3)

Chile

69.2

(0.7)

20.6

(0.7)

7.7

(0.4)

2.5

(0.2)

64.0

(0.7)

22.6

(0.6)

9.4

(0.4)

4.0

(0.4)

Colombia

63.9

(0.7)

20.2

(0.6)

11.8

(0.6)

4.1

(0.3)

57.2

(1.0)

24.7

(0.7)

13.0

(0.6)

5.1

(0.4)

Czech Republic

69.6

(0.8)

18.2

(0.6)

7.5

(0.4)

4.6

(0.4)

64.8

(0.9)

21.5

(0.7)

8.6

(0.5)

5.1

(0.4)

Denmark

72.5

(0.7)

21.3

(0.7)

4.5

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

55.4

(0.9)

31.1

(0.8)

9.2

(0.4)

4.3

(0.3)

Estonia

72.3

(0.7)

19.4

(0.6)

5.6

(0.3)

2.7

(0.2)

55.4

(0.9)

27.1

(0.8)

11.7

(0.5)

5.8

(0.3)

Finland

74.1

(0.7)

19.0

(0.6)

4.2

(0.3)

2.8

(0.3)

61.8

(0.8)

26.4

(0.6)

7.6

(0.4)

4.2

(0.3)

France

78.5

(0.7)

13.9

(0.5)

4.6

(0.3)

3.0

(0.3)

64.1

(0.8)

23.7

(0.7)

7.6

(0.4)

4.7

(0.3)

Germany

77.7

(1.1)

15.7

(0.9)

4.4

(0.4)

2.3

(0.3)

56.7

(1.1)

30.0

(1.0)

8.2

(0.6)

5.1

(0.5)

Greece

80.5

(0.7)

11.9

(0.5)

4.4

(0.3)

3.1

(0.2)

57.8

(0.8)

25.2

(0.6)

10.7

(0.5)

6.3

(0.3)

Hungary

71.7

(0.8)

17.7

(0.6)

6.8

(0.4)

3.8

(0.3)

72.2

(0.9)

16.6

(0.7)

7.3

(0.5)

3.8

(0.3)

Iceland

84.4

(0.8)

10.0

(0.7)

3.5

(0.4)

2.2

(0.3)

70.5

(0.9)

17.9

(0.8)

7.3

(0.5)

4.3

(0.4)

Ireland

65.3

(0.7)

26.1

(0.7)

5.6

(0.4)

3.0

(0.2)

55.4

(0.7)

28.7

(0.6)

8.9

(0.5)

6.9

(0.4)

Israel

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Italy

72.1

(0.6)

17.9

(0.6)

6.6

(0.4)

3.4

(0.3)

70.1

(0.8)

18.5

(0.6)

7.9

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

Japan

89.0

(0.4)

7.4

(0.4)

1.9

(0.2)

1.6

(0.2)

73.2

(0.8)

13.0

(0.4)

6.9

(0.4)

7.0

(0.4)

Korea

96.5

(0.3)

2.3

(0.2)

0.7

(0.1)

0.5

(0.1)

85.2

(0.5)

6.8

(0.3)

3.4

(0.3)

4.6

(0.3)

Latvia

53.8

(0.7)

30.0

(0.7)

11.7

(0.5)

4.5

(0.3)

49.3

(0.8)

32.9

(0.7)

11.8

(0.5)

5.9

(0.4)

Lithuania

72.4

(0.7)

17.5

(0.5)

7.3

(0.4)

2.8

(0.2)

63.4

(0.7)

23.3

(0.6)

9.2

(0.4)

4.1

(0.3)

Luxembourg

76.7

(0.6)

15.7

(0.5)

4.9

(0.4)

2.7

(0.2)

61.4

(0.7)

26.5

(0.7)

8.0

(0.4)

4.1

(0.3)

Mexico

71.5

(0.9)

17.1

(0.7)

8.4

(0.4)

3.1

(0.3)

62.7

(0.9)

23.3

(0.7)

9.9

(0.6)

4.2

(0.4)

Netherlands*

88.5

(0.6)

9.1

(0.5)

1.5

(0.2)

0.9

(0.2)

69.7

(0.8)

23.8

(0.8)

4.9

(0.3)

1.6

(0.2)

New Zealand

56.4

(0.8)

29.7

(0.7)

9.2

(0.4)

4.7

(0.3)

46.4

(0.8)

30.2

(0.7)

13.3

(0.6)

10.0

(0.5)

Norway

81.8

(0.5)

13.0

(0.4)

3.0

(0.3)

2.2

(0.2)

65.5

(0.8)

22.6

(0.6)

7.7

(0.4)

4.2

(0.2)

Poland

69.2

(0.7)

22.2

(0.6)

5.6

(0.4)

3.0

(0.2)

59.3

(0.9)

26.5

(0.7)

8.9

(0.5)

5.3

(0.3)

Portugal*

82.7

(0.6)

11.6

(0.5)

4.0

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

73.4

(0.7)

18.0

(0.6)

5.6

(0.4)

3.1

(0.3)

Slovak Republic

65.7

(0.8)

22.6

(0.7)

7.2

(0.4)

4.4

(0.3)

62.8

(0.7)

24.1

(0.6)

8.5

(0.4)

4.5

(0.3)

Slovenia

76.6

(0.7)

15.6

(0.6)

5.2

(0.4)

2.6

(0.3)

67.6

(0.9)

21.4

(0.8)

7.5

(0.5)

3.5

(0.3)

Spain

83.4

(0.4)

11.0

(0.3)

3.3

(0.2)

2.2

(0.1)

70.2

(0.5)

20.8

(0.4)

6.0

(0.3)

3.1

(0.2)

Sweden

79.4

(0.6)

14.2

(0.5)

3.5

(0.3)

2.9

(0.3)

67.2

(0.8)

21.0

(0.7)

7.4

(0.4)

4.4

(0.3)

Switzerland

77.4

(0.9)

15.3

(0.7)

4.6

(0.3)

2.7

(0.3)

56.6

(1.0)

30.7

(1.0)

9.0

(0.7)

3.7

(0.4)

Turkey

72.9

(0.6)

16.5

(0.5)

6.8

(0.3)

3.8

(0.2)

69.7

(0.9)

17.5

(0.6)

8.5

(0.4)

4.3

(0.3)

United Kingdom

64.4

(0.8)

24.8

(0.7)

7.1

(0.3)

3.7

(0.3)

50.7

(0.8)

29.4

(0.7)

11.6

(0.5)

8.3

(0.4)

United States*

61.8

(0.8)

25.6

(0.7)

8.8

(0.4)

3.7

(0.3)

57.9

(1.0)

24.9

(0.8)

10.4

(0.6)

6.7

(0.4)

OECD average

73.8

(0.1)

17.5

(0.1)

5.7

(0.1)

3.0

(0.0)

62.4

(0.1)

23.9

(0.1)

8.7

(0.1)

5.0

(0.1)

Partners

Albania

62.5

(0.8)

20.5

(0.7)

11.1

(0.4)

5.9

(0.4)

80.4

(0.8)

11.0

(0.5)

5.7

(0.3)

2.9

(0.3)

Argentina

65.4

(0.7)

21.5

(0.6)

7.3

(0.4)

5.9

(0.3)

57.6

(0.8)

25.1

(0.8)

10.0

(0.5)

7.3

(0.4)

Baku (Azerbaijan)

61.2

(0.9)

18.1

(0.7)

14.1

(0.6)

6.6

(0.5)

61.2

(1.0)

18.1

(0.7)

14.8

(0.6)

5.9

(0.4)

Belarus

76.8

(0.6)

16.3

(0.6)

5.0

(0.3)

1.9

(0.2)

70.7

(0.7)

18.6

(0.6)

8.1

(0.4)

2.5

(0.2)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

76.3

(0.7)

13.3

(0.5)

6.8

(0.4)

3.5

(0.3)

71.0

(0.7)

16.9

(0.6)

8.3

(0.4)

3.8

(0.3)

Brazil

63.7

(0.7)

22.7

(0.5)

8.4

(0.4)

5.2

(0.3)

59.8

(0.6)

23.8

(0.5)

9.7

(0.4)

6.8

(0.4)

Brunei Darussalam

46.7

(0.7)

34.5

(0.7)

13.2

(0.5)

5.7

(0.3)

30.8

(0.6)

30.6

(0.7)

18.6

(0.5)

20.1

(0.6)

B-S-J-Z (China)

79.9

(0.6)

14.7

(0.5)

3.5

(0.2)

1.9

(0.2)

70.1

(0.8)

20.3

(0.6)

6.4

(0.4)

3.1

(0.3)

Bulgaria

69.4

(1.0)

16.3

(0.7)

8.6

(0.5)

5.7

(0.4)

58.2

(0.9)

24.9

(0.8)

10.7

(0.6)

6.3

(0.4)

Costa Rica

73.2

(0.6)

17.0

(0.5)

5.7

(0.3)

4.2

(0.3)

65.9

(0.7)

21.0

(0.5)

8.2

(0.5)

4.8

(0.3)

Croatia

82.7

(0.6)

11.0

(0.4)

3.5

(0.3)

2.8

(0.2)

72.5

(0.7)

18.4

(0.5)

5.9

(0.4)

3.3

(0.2)

Cyprus

65.5

(0.7)

19.6

(0.6)

9.4

(0.5)

5.5

(0.4)

54.2

(0.8)

26.6

(0.8)

12.7

(0.5)

6.5

(0.4)

Dominican Republic

54.3

(1.4)

21.7

(1.2)

16.0

(1.1)

8.0

(0.8)

49.9

(1.8)

24.4

(1.2)

17.4

(1.2)

8.4

(0.8)

Georgia

80.1

(0.8)

10.3

(0.5)

6.0

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

73.8

(1.0)

14.9

(0.7)

7.5

(0.5)

3.8

(0.3)

Hong Kong (China)*

78.0

(0.7)

13.8

(0.7)

4.9

(0.2)

3.2

(0.2)

54.0

(0.8)

22.8

(0.6)

13.1

(0.6)

10.1

(0.5)

Indonesia

54.4

(0.9)

26.6

(0.8)

12.9

(0.7)

6.1

(0.4)

54.0

(1.0)

23.6

(0.7)

14.1

(0.7)

8.3

(0.5)

Jordan

61.3

(0.7)

22.5

(0.5)

10.2

(0.5)

5.9

(0.4)

60.5

(0.9)

23.2

(0.7)

11.0

(0.5)

5.2

(0.3)

Kazakhstan

60.8

(0.5)

17.5

(0.4)

15.3

(0.4)

6.4

(0.2)

71.3

(0.6)

14.4

(0.4)

10.4

(0.3)

4.0

(0.2)

Kosovo

56.3

(0.8)

25.9

(0.7)

12.9

(0.6)

5.0

(0.3)

72.0

(0.7)

16.8

(0.6)

7.6

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

Lebanon

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Macao (China)

72.6

(0.7)

20.3

(0.7)

5.2

(0.3)

1.9

(0.2)

52.7

(0.9)

26.6

(0.7)

10.8

(0.5)

9.8

(0.5)

Malaysia

56.1

(0.8)

28.6

(0.6)

10.9

(0.5)

4.4

(0.3)

47.2

(0.8)

29.2

(0.6)

14.6

(0.5)

8.9

(0.5)

Malta

59.3

(0.9)

25.2

(0.8)

10.4

(0.6)

5.1

(0.4)

50.6

(0.8)

29.5

(0.8)

12.7

(0.6)

7.2

(0.4)

Moldova

72.2

(0.9)

21.2

(0.8)

4.5

(0.3)

2.1

(0.2)

62.7

(0.8)

25.7

(0.7)

8.1

(0.4)

3.5

(0.3)

Montenegro

76.2

(0.6)

14.0

(0.5)

6.0

(0.3)

3.9

(0.3)

71.0

(0.6)

18.0

(0.6)

6.9

(0.3)

4.1

(0.3)

Morocco

56.1

(0.9)

26.2

(0.8)

12.8

(0.6)

4.9

(0.5)

51.7

(1.3)

29.9

(1.0)

14.2

(0.8)

4.2

(0.5)

North Macedonia

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Panama

66.7

(1.1)

18.7

(0.9)

10.1

(0.9)

4.4

(0.6)

58.7

(1.3)

21.9

(0.9)

13.2

(0.8)

6.2

(0.6)

Peru

72.8

(1.1)

17.9

(0.9)

7.0

(0.7)

2.3

(0.3)

68.9

(1.0)

20.0

(0.8)

7.8

(0.7)

3.3

(0.4)

Philippines

33.4

(0.7)

33.9

(0.7)

21.8

(0.5)

10.8

(0.5)

20.7

(0.7)

29.6

(0.6)

24.0

(0.6)

25.7

(0.6)

Qatar

60.8

(0.4)

25.4

(0.4)

9.2

(0.3)

4.6

(0.2)

51.9

(0.4)

28.8

(0.4)

12.7

(0.3)

6.6

(0.2)

Romania

58.6

(1.1)

28.0

(0.8)

9.0

(0.5)

4.4

(0.4)

51.8

(1.0)

30.7

(0.7)

11.8

(0.5)

5.7

(0.4)

Russia

51.1

(0.9)

25.6

(0.7)

13.8

(0.4)

9.6

(0.4)

60.0

(0.8)

23.8

(0.5)

10.5

(0.4)

5.7

(0.3)

Saudi Arabia

77.6

(0.7)

14.8

(0.5)

4.8

(0.3)

2.8

(0.3)

62.4

(0.8)

24.8

(0.7)

8.5

(0.3)

4.2

(0.3)

Serbia

74.6

(0.9)

13.3

(0.5)

7.5

(0.5)

4.6

(0.4)

73.3

(0.9)

14.8

(0.6)

8.4

(0.5)

3.4

(0.3)

Singapore

60.5

(0.6)

29.4

(0.6)

6.6

(0.3)

3.4

(0.2)

47.8

(0.7)

32.0

(0.6)

11.6

(0.4)

8.5

(0.3)

Chinese Taipei

87.4

(0.4)

8.8

(0.3)

2.7

(0.2)

1.0

(0.1)

77.2

(0.6)

13.5

(0.4)

5.8

(0.4)

3.4

(0.2)

Thailand

67.1

(0.9)

20.9

(0.6)

8.9

(0.4)

3.0

(0.2)

58.5

(0.8)

22.5

(0.5)

12.2

(0.5)

6.7

(0.3)

Ukraine

66.2

(0.7)

24.4

(0.6)

6.7

(0.3)

2.8

(0.3)

70.9

(0.7)

18.4

(0.6)

7.2

(0.4)

3.5

(0.3)

United Arab Emirates

64.3

(0.5)

22.9

(0.5)

8.3

(0.2)

4.4

(0.2)

54.2

(0.5)

27.0

(0.4)

11.5

(0.4)

7.3

(0.3)

Uruguay

67.3

(0.9)

20.6

(0.8)

8.4

(0.6)

3.7

(0.4)

61.5

(1.1)

25.4

(0.9)

8.2

(0.6)

4.9

(0.4)

Viet Nam

69.7

(0.8)

21.7

(0.7)

6.3

(0.4)

2.3

(0.2)

57.4

(0.9)

28.8

(0.8)

9.9

(0.5)

3.9

(0.3)

Percentage of students who reported the following:

I was threatened by other students

Other students took away or destroyed things that belong to me

Never or almost never

A few times a year

A few times a month

Once a week or more

Never or almost never

A few times a year

A few times a month

Once a week or more

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

OECD

Australia

73.7

(0.5)

17.1

(0.4)

5.9

(0.3)

3.2

(0.2)

78.6

(0.5)

14.2

(0.4)

4.6

(0.2)

2.6

(0.2)

Austria

86.2

(0.7)

8.1

(0.5)

4.1

(0.4)

1.6

(0.2)

77.6

(0.9)

14.5

(0.6)

5.4

(0.4)

2.4

(0.3)

Belgium

88.0

(0.4)

8.8

(0.3)

2.3

(0.2)

0.9

(0.1)

86.6

(0.4)

10.1

(0.4)

2.4

(0.2)

0.8

(0.1)

Canada

81.2

(0.5)

12.6

(0.4)

4.0

(0.2)

2.2

(0.2)

84.3

(0.4)

10.7

(0.3)

3.4

(0.2)

1.6

(0.1)

Chile

84.1

(0.7)

9.5

(0.6)

4.5

(0.3)

1.9

(0.3)

78.3

(0.6)

13.4

(0.5)

6.1

(0.4)

2.2

(0.3)

Colombia

78.7

(0.9)

10.7

(0.5)

8.1

(0.6)

2.5

(0.3)

74.6

(0.9)

13.2

(0.5)

9.0

(0.5)

3.2

(0.3)

Czech Republic

84.8

(0.7)

8.2

(0.4)

4.6

(0.4)

2.4

(0.3)

73.8

(0.9)

16.1

(0.6)

6.0

(0.4)

4.1

(0.3)

Denmark

88.9

(0.6)

8.2

(0.5)

1.9

(0.2)

1.0

(0.1)

77.5

(0.8)

17.9

(0.6)

3.3

(0.3)

1.3

(0.2)

Estonia

84.4

(0.6)

9.9

(0.5)

4.1

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

81.8

(0.7)

11.8

(0.6)

4.6

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

Finland

84.9

(0.6)

10.9

(0.5)

2.6

(0.2)

1.6

(0.2)

87.5

(0.5)

9.3

(0.4)

2.1

(0.2)

1.1

(0.2)

France

85.8

(0.6)

8.6

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

2.0

(0.2)

85.2

(0.6)

9.2

(0.4)

3.7

(0.3)

1.9

(0.2)

Germany

87.6

(0.7)

7.2

(0.5)

4.2

(0.4)

1.0

(0.2)

78.1

(1.0)

14.8

(0.9)

5.2

(0.6)

1.8

(0.3)

Greece

84.7

(0.8)

7.8

(0.4)

5.3

(0.5)

2.2

(0.2)

79.1

(0.7)

11.6

(0.4)

5.9

(0.4)

3.3

(0.3)

Hungary

85.2

(0.8)

8.2

(0.5)

4.7

(0.4)

1.8

(0.2)

82.8

(0.9)

9.9

(0.6)

5.1

(0.4)

2.2

(0.3)

Iceland

86.2

(0.7)

9.1

(0.6)

3.4

(0.4)

1.3

(0.3)

90.0

(0.6)

6.9

(0.5)

2.0

(0.3)

1.2

(0.2)

Ireland

81.4

(0.6)

13.0

(0.5)

3.7

(0.3)

2.0

(0.2)

79.2

(0.6)

15.3

(0.5)

3.8

(0.3)

1.6

(0.2)

Israel

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Italy

81.9

(0.8)

9.4

(0.6)

6.7

(0.5)

2.0

(0.2)

76.3

(0.8)

12.7

(0.5)

7.2

(0.4)

3.8

(0.3)

Japan

94.7

(0.4)

3.0

(0.2)

1.3

(0.2)

1.0

(0.1)

91.1

(0.5)

6.1

(0.4)

1.7

(0.2)

1.0

(0.1)

Korea

97.4

(0.2)

1.5

(0.2)

0.7

(0.1)

0.4

(0.1)

95.6

(0.3)

3.2

(0.2)

0.7

(0.1)

0.5

(0.1)

Latvia

72.6

(0.8)

16.9

(0.6)

7.7

(0.5)

2.8

(0.3)

70.3

(0.8)

19.4

(0.6)

7.3

(0.4)

3.0

(0.3)

Lithuania

76.5

(0.6)

13.4

(0.5)

7.8

(0.4)

2.3

(0.2)

79.7

(0.6)

10.8

(0.4)

6.5

(0.3)

3.0

(0.2)

Luxembourg

84.9

(0.5)

9.1

(0.5)

4.3

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

81.6

(0.5)

11.9

(0.5)

4.7

(0.3)

1.8

(0.2)

Mexico

84.1

(0.8)

9.1

(0.5)

5.2

(0.4)

1.6

(0.3)

82.6

(0.8)

10.0

(0.5)

5.5

(0.4)

1.9

(0.3)

Netherlands*

93.1

(0.5)

5.4

(0.5)

0.9

(0.2)

0.6

(0.1)

84.4

(0.6)

12.8

(0.6)

1.9

(0.3)

0.9

(0.2)

New Zealand

71.7

(0.8)

18.4

(0.6)

6.5

(0.4)

3.4

(0.3)

77.7

(0.7)

15.0

(0.6)

4.9

(0.3)

2.3

(0.2)

Norway

87.7

(0.6)

8.6

(0.5)

2.3

(0.2)

1.5

(0.2)

80.0

(0.7)

15.2

(0.6)

3.3

(0.3)

1.5

(0.2)

Poland

80.7

(0.7)

11.8

(0.5)

5.4

(0.4)

2.1

(0.2)

77.8

(0.8)

13.4

(0.6)

6.2

(0.4)

2.6

(0.3)

Portugal*

88.7

(0.5)

7.3

(0.3)

3.1

(0.3)

0.9

(0.1)

87.0

(0.6)

8.4

(0.4)

3.3

(0.3)

1.3

(0.2)

Slovak Republic

77.3

(0.9)

13.2

(0.6)

7.5

(0.6)

2.0

(0.2)

72.1

(1.0)

17.0

(0.7)

7.4

(0.5)

3.5

(0.3)

Slovenia

83.9

(0.6)

9.9

(0.5)

4.8

(0.4)

1.5

(0.2)

81.2

(0.6)

11.6

(0.5)

5.2

(0.4)

2.0

(0.2)

Spain

86.5

(0.3)

8.6

(0.3)

3.5

(0.2)

1.4

(0.1)

81.2

(0.4)

12.4

(0.3)

4.4

(0.3)

2.0

(0.1)

Sweden

87.8

(0.5)

8.1

(0.5)

2.6

(0.2)

1.5

(0.2)

82.0

(0.7)

13.4

(0.6)

2.9

(0.2)

1.7

(0.2)

Switzerland

83.7

(0.9)

10.0

(0.7)

4.5

(0.4)

1.8

(0.3)

76.4

(1.0)

15.4

(0.8)

5.7

(0.5)

2.6

(0.3)

Turkey

80.0

(0.8)

11.5

(0.5)

6.3

(0.4)

2.3

(0.1)

80.9

(0.8)

10.4

(0.5)

5.8

(0.4)

2.9

(0.3)

United Kingdom

79.6

(0.6)

13.4

(0.5)

4.4

(0.3)

2.6

(0.2)

85.3

(0.6)

9.8

(0.4)

3.1

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

United States*

81.7

(0.7)

11.8

(0.5)

4.5

(0.4)

2.1

(0.2)

85.0

(0.7)

10.4

(0.5)

3.4

(0.3)

1.2

(0.2)

OECD average

83.9

(0.1)

10.0

(0.1)

4.4

(0.1)

1.8

(0.0)

81.2

(0.1)

12.2

(0.1)

4.5

(0.1)

2.1

(0.0)

Partners

Albania

85.9

(0.7)

6.6

(0.4)

5.1

(0.3)

2.4

(0.2)

80.2

(0.7)

10.9

(0.4)

5.9

(0.3)

3.0

(0.2)

Argentina

79.7

(0.6)

11.1

(0.5)

5.9

(0.4)

3.4

(0.3)

67.5

(0.9)

17.3

(0.6)

9.1

(0.5)

6.1

(0.4)

Baku (Azerbaijan)

65.5

(1.0)

14.0

(0.6)

14.6

(0.7)

5.8

(0.5)

63.6

(1.1)

15.5

(0.7)

14.5

(0.6)

6.3

(0.5)

Belarus

85.0

(0.6)

9.6

(0.5)

4.2

(0.3)

1.2

(0.2)

83.8

(0.6)

10.8

(0.5)

4.3

(0.3)

1.2

(0.2)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

77.1

(0.9)

11.0

(0.5)

8.3

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

78.2

(0.8)

10.8

(0.5)

7.7

(0.4)

3.3

(0.3)

Brazil

77.6

(0.7)

12.3

(0.5)

7.2

(0.4)

2.9

(0.2)

73.6

(0.7)

14.7

(0.5)

8.1

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

Brunei Darussalam

59.8

(0.6)

20.4

(0.6)

13.1

(0.5)

6.7

(0.4)

69.7

(0.6)

18.0

(0.6)

8.7

(0.4)

3.7

(0.2)

B-S-J-Z (China)

89.9

(0.4)

7.2

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

1.3

(0.2)

65.1

(0.8)

24.7

(0.6)

7.4

(0.4)

2.8

(0.2)

Bulgaria

67.4

(1.1)

16.6

(0.8)

12.0

(0.7)

4.1

(0.3)

64.2

(1.0)

18.6

(0.7)

11.2

(0.6)

6.1

(0.5)

Costa Rica

80.8

(0.6)

11.1

(0.5)

5.4

(0.3)

2.8

(0.2)

87.2

(0.5)

7.8

(0.3)

3.3

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

Croatia

84.0

(0.6)

9.8

(0.4)

3.8

(0.3)

2.4

(0.2)

84.3

(0.6)

9.4

(0.4)

4.0

(0.3)

2.2

(0.2)

Cyprus

69.6

(0.7)

14.0

(0.6)

11.8

(0.5)

4.5

(0.3)

70.4

(0.7)

12.7

(0.5)

10.2

(0.5)

6.7

(0.4)

Dominican Republic

59.3

(1.8)

18.1

(1.3)

15.9

(1.3)

6.7

(0.8)

56.4

(1.8)

18.7

(1.1)

16.9

(1.2)

7.9

(0.8)

Georgia

83.3

(0.8)

8.2

(0.5)

6.3

(0.4)

2.2

(0.3)

77.8

(0.9)

11.3

(0.5)

7.9

(0.6)

3.0

(0.3)

Hong Kong (China)*

86.0

(0.6)

7.8

(0.4)

3.8

(0.3)

2.4

(0.2)

77.8

(0.6)

13.2

(0.5)

5.6

(0.3)

3.4

(0.3)

Indonesia

69.7

(1.1)

16.3

(0.6)

9.7

(0.6)

4.3

(0.3)

56.8

(1.1)

21.3

(0.7)

14.7

(0.6)

7.2

(0.4)

Jordan

66.4

(1.0)

15.4

(0.5)

14.1

(0.7)

4.1

(0.3)

62.0

(1.0)

17.3

(0.6)

13.4

(0.5)

7.2

(0.4)

Kazakhstan

75.3

(0.7)

10.9

(0.4)

10.3

(0.4)

3.5

(0.2)

74.3

(0.7)

11.3

(0.4)

10.1

(0.4)

4.3

(0.2)

Kosovo

77.0

(0.7)

12.9

(0.5)

7.8

(0.5)

2.3

(0.3)

74.4

(0.8)

14.2

(0.6)

7.9

(0.5)

3.4

(0.3)

Lebanon

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Macao (China)

81.9

(0.6)

11.3

(0.5)

4.5

(0.3)

2.2

(0.3)

73.8

(0.7)

17.7

(0.6)

5.7

(0.4)

2.8

(0.3)

Malaysia

75.5

(0.9)

15.1

(0.6)

7.1

(0.5)

2.3

(0.2)

69.9

(0.9)

18.4

(0.6)

8.5

(0.5)

3.2

(0.3)

Malta

71.8

(0.7)

15.6

(0.6)

9.3

(0.5)

3.4

(0.4)

73.3

(0.7)

15.3

(0.7)

7.1

(0.5)

4.3

(0.4)

Moldova

79.1

(0.6)

14.4

(0.6)

4.8

(0.3)

1.7

(0.2)

76.5

(0.7)

17.1

(0.6)

4.7

(0.4)

1.7

(0.2)

Montenegro

76.3

(0.6)

12.1

(0.5)

7.7

(0.4)

3.8

(0.2)

78.3

(0.7)

11.3

(0.6)

6.7

(0.4)

3.7

(0.3)

Morocco

60.2

(1.5)

20.8

(0.9)

15.2

(1.0)

3.7

(0.4)

58.3

(1.6)

21.5

(0.8)

14.5

(0.9)

5.7

(0.5)

North Macedonia

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Panama

76.2

(1.0)

10.8

(0.9)

9.2

(0.6)

3.8

(0.4)

73.8

(1.1)

12.9

(1.0)

9.1

(0.8)

4.2

(0.5)

Peru

86.5

(0.8)

7.7

(0.6)

4.2

(0.5)

1.6

(0.3)

76.5

(0.9)

14.7

(0.6)

5.8

(0.6)

3.0

(0.4)

Philippines

38.3

(1.1)

27.2

(0.6)

22.4

(0.7)

12.2

(0.5)

42.1

(1.0)

27.1

(0.7)

21.0

(0.5)

9.8

(0.5)

Qatar

71.5

(0.4)

16.2

(0.3)

8.9

(0.3)

3.4

(0.2)

68.6

(0.4)

17.5

(0.3)

9.5

(0.3)

4.4

(0.2)

Romania

71.5

(1.1)

17.0

(0.7)

8.1

(0.5)

3.4

(0.3)

63.7

(1.1)

22.6

(0.9)

9.1

(0.5)

4.6

(0.4)

Russia

76.1

(0.8)

12.5

(0.6)

8.3

(0.4)

3.1

(0.2)

73.8

(0.6)

13.7

(0.4)

8.3

(0.3)

4.2

(0.3)

Saudi Arabia

76.0

(0.8)

12.4

(0.5)

8.8

(0.4)

2.8

(0.3)

71.6

(0.8)

15.1

(0.5)

8.1

(0.5)

5.3

(0.4)

Serbia

78.6

(1.1)

10.5

(0.5)

8.0

(0.6)

2.9

(0.3)

79.6

(1.0)

9.7

(0.5)

6.9

(0.5)

3.7

(0.3)

Singapore

82.8

(0.4)

12.1

(0.4)

3.1

(0.2)

2.0

(0.2)

80.3

(0.6)

14.5

(0.5)

3.4

(0.2)

1.9

(0.2)

Chinese Taipei

94.5

(0.3)

3.8

(0.3)

1.1

(0.1)

0.6

(0.1)

83.1

(0.6)

11.8

(0.5)

3.7

(0.2)

1.4

(0.1)

Thailand

72.3

(0.8)

15.8

(0.5)

8.9

(0.4)

3.0

(0.3)

70.0

(0.9)

16.9

(0.5)

9.9

(0.5)

3.3

(0.2)

Ukraine

80.5

(0.8)

12.2

(0.5)

5.6

(0.5)

1.7

(0.2)

81.4

(0.8)

11.0

(0.5)

5.1

(0.4)

2.5

(0.3)

United Arab Emirates

73.8

(0.5)

14.2

(0.4)

8.4

(0.3)

3.6

(0.2)

71.9

(0.6)

15.4

(0.4)

8.2

(0.3)

4.5

(0.2)

Uruguay

80.8

(0.8)

11.2

(0.7)

6.5

(0.5)

1.6

(0.2)

77.0

(0.9)

13.6

(0.7)

6.8

(0.5)

2.6

(0.3)

Viet Nam

80.3

(0.8)

14.0

(0.7)

4.4

(0.4)

1.4

(0.2)

61.3

(1.1)

24.4

(0.8)

9.9

(0.5)

4.4

(0.3)

Percentage of students who reported the following:

I got hit or pushed around by other students

Other students spread nasty rumours about me

Never or almost never

A few times a year

A few times a month

Once a week or more

Never or almost never

A few times a year

A few times a month

Once a week or more

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

OECD

Australia

76.4

(0.5)

14.5

(0.4)

5.8

(0.2)

3.4

(0.2)

67.9

(0.5)

19.5

(0.4)

8.1

(0.3)

4.4

(0.2)

Austria

84.1

(0.7)

8.7

(0.5)

4.6

(0.4)

2.7

(0.3)

71.8

(0.7)

17.3

(0.6)

7.0

(0.4)

3.9

(0.4)

Belgium

86.5

(0.5)

9.3

(0.4)

2.8

(0.2)

1.4

(0.1)

69.4

(0.7)

22.1

(0.6)

5.9

(0.3)

2.6

(0.2)

Canada

80.8

(0.5)

12.0

(0.4)

4.5

(0.2)

2.7

(0.2)

73.5

(0.5)

16.8

(0.4)

6.3

(0.3)

3.3

(0.2)

Chile

83.2

(0.7)

10.3

(0.5)

4.7

(0.4)

1.8

(0.3)

68.5

(0.8)

18.9

(0.6)

8.4

(0.4)

4.3

(0.3)

Colombia

77.3

(0.9)

11.5

(0.6)

7.9

(0.5)

3.3

(0.3)

62.2

(0.8)

19.9

(0.7)

11.7

(0.5)

6.3

(0.4)

Czech Republic

75.7

(0.8)

14.3

(0.5)

5.9

(0.4)

4.0

(0.3)

64.1

(0.9)

21.3

(0.6)

8.5

(0.5)

6.0

(0.5)

Denmark

81.3

(0.7)

12.7

(0.5)

3.4

(0.3)

2.6

(0.3)

71.0

(0.7)

21.9

(0.5)

5.4

(0.4)

1.7

(0.2)

Estonia

81.7

(0.7)

11.6

(0.5)

4.6

(0.3)

2.1

(0.3)

74.5

(0.7)

16.6

(0.6)

6.2

(0.4)

2.7

(0.2)

Finland

84.1

(0.6)

10.8

(0.5)

2.8

(0.2)

2.3

(0.3)

74.9

(0.7)

17.8

(0.5)

4.9

(0.3)

2.4

(0.2)

France

86.1

(0.6)

8.4

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

1.9

(0.2)

74.1

(0.8)

16.9

(0.6)

6.0

(0.4)

3.1

(0.3)

Germany

87.0

(0.8)

8.0

(0.6)

3.5

(0.4)

1.4

(0.2)

70.4

(1.0)

19.3

(0.9)

7.8

(0.6)

2.4

(0.3)

Greece

81.8

(0.8)

9.1

(0.4)

6.1

(0.4)

3.0

(0.2)

73.9

(0.9)

14.9

(0.6)

7.2

(0.4)

4.1

(0.3)

Hungary

84.9

(0.9)

7.9

(0.5)

4.6

(0.4)

2.6

(0.3)

69.1

(0.9)

17.4

(0.6)

8.3

(0.5)

5.1

(0.5)

Iceland

89.3

(0.6)

7.0

(0.5)

2.7

(0.4)

1.0

(0.2)

83.6

(0.7)

10.8

(0.6)

3.8

(0.4)

1.7

(0.2)

Ireland

81.8

(0.5)

12.2

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

2.4

(0.2)

73.9

(0.7)

18.1

(0.6)

5.1

(0.4)

2.9

(0.3)

Israel

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Italy

83.6

(0.9)

7.8

(0.5)

6.2

(0.5)

2.5

(0.3)

73.0

(0.8)

15.2

(0.6)

7.3

(0.4)

4.5

(0.4)

Japan

86.7

(0.6)

7.4

(0.3)

3.1

(0.3)

2.9

(0.2)

83.4

(0.7)

11.4

(0.5)

3.0

(0.3)

2.2

(0.2)

Korea

98.0

(0.2)

1.0

(0.1)

0.6

(0.1)

0.4

(0.1)

91.4

(0.5)

6.3

(0.3)

1.4

(0.2)

0.9

(0.2)

Latvia

66.8

(0.8)

21.0

(0.6)

8.7

(0.4)

3.6

(0.4)

56.7

(0.8)

27.2

(0.7)

11.0

(0.5)

5.1

(0.4)

Lithuania

77.6

(0.6)

11.4

(0.4)

8.0

(0.4)

3.0

(0.2)

71.1

(0.6)

16.3

(0.5)

8.3

(0.4)

4.2

(0.3)

Luxembourg

85.8

(0.6)

7.8

(0.4)

4.4

(0.3)

1.9

(0.2)

70.5

(0.7)

18.7

(0.6)

7.1

(0.4)

3.8

(0.3)

Mexico

80.9

(0.8)

10.8

(0.6)

6.3

(0.5)

1.9

(0.2)

70.5

(0.9)

16.3

(0.7)

9.4

(0.5)

3.8

(0.5)

Netherlands*

91.6

(0.5)

5.9

(0.4)

1.5

(0.2)

1.0

(0.1)

76.0

(0.9)

17.7

(0.8)

4.4

(0.3)

1.8

(0.2)

New Zealand

75.5

(0.7)

15.5

(0.6)

6.1

(0.3)

2.9

(0.3)

65.7

(0.8)

21.1

(0.7)

8.2

(0.3)

5.0

(0.3)

Norway

84.5

(0.6)

10.1

(0.4)

2.8

(0.2)

2.6

(0.2)

76.5

(0.7)

16.2

(0.6)

4.7

(0.3)

2.5

(0.3)

Poland

79.5

(0.7)

12.3

(0.5)

5.8

(0.4)

2.4

(0.2)

59.0

(0.9)

25.4

(0.7)

10.4

(0.5)

5.2

(0.3)

Portugal*

91.0

(0.5)

5.2

(0.3)

3.0

(0.3)

0.9

(0.2)

79.4

(0.7)

13.8

(0.6)

4.7

(0.3)

2.2

(0.2)

Slovak Republic

77.4

(0.9)

11.8

(0.6)

7.6

(0.5)

3.1

(0.3)

60.9

(0.9)

22.9

(0.6)

9.8

(0.5)

6.3

(0.4)

Slovenia

78.5

(0.6)

12.7

(0.5)

6.2

(0.3)

2.5

(0.2)

69.7

(0.7)

19.1

(0.6)

7.3

(0.4)

3.9

(0.3)

Spain

85.9

(0.4)

8.7

(0.2)

3.5

(0.2)

1.9

(0.1)

75.9

(0.5)

15.1

(0.3)

5.8

(0.2)

3.2

(0.2)

Sweden

80.6

(0.7)

12.8

(0.6)

4.0

(0.3)

2.6

(0.3)

75.5

(0.7)

17.0

(0.7)

4.8

(0.4)

2.8

(0.3)

Switzerland

81.8

(0.9)

10.8

(0.6)

5.4

(0.5)

2.0

(0.2)

68.9

(1.1)

19.4

(0.9)

8.3

(0.6)

3.4

(0.4)

Turkey

82.0

(0.8)

9.6

(0.5)

5.7

(0.4)

2.8

(0.2)

71.4

(0.8)

16.0

(0.5)

8.0

(0.4)

4.6

(0.3)

United Kingdom

81.6

(0.7)

11.9

(0.5)

3.9

(0.3)

2.6

(0.2)

69.3

(0.6)

20.4

(0.5)

6.3

(0.4)

4.0

(0.3)

United States*

84.9

(0.7)

9.7

(0.5)

3.7

(0.3)

1.8

(0.2)

72.7

(0.8)

17.0

(0.6)

6.7

(0.4)

3.6

(0.3)

OECD average

82.7

(0.1)

10.3

(0.1)

4.7

(0.1)

2.3

(0.0)

71.7

(0.1)

17.8

(0.1)

6.9

(0.1)

3.6

(0.1)

Partners

Albania

82.8

(0.8)

8.7

(0.4)

5.4

(0.4)

3.1

(0.2)

78.1

(0.7)

11.4

(0.4)

6.2

(0.4)

4.3

(0.3)

Argentina

83.5

(0.6)

8.5

(0.5)

5.2

(0.4)

2.8

(0.3)

67.0

(0.9)

18.0

(0.6)

8.1

(0.4)

7.0

(0.4)

Baku (Azerbaijan)

65.8

(1.1)

12.6

(0.5)

14.8

(0.7)

6.8

(0.4)

62.6

(1.0)

14.6

(0.7)

14.4

(0.7)

8.4

(0.5)

Belarus

85.9

(0.6)

8.9

(0.5)

4.1

(0.3)

1.2

(0.2)

73.1

(0.7)

17.4

(0.5)

7.0

(0.4)

2.5

(0.3)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

83.3

(0.7)

7.0

(0.4)

6.7

(0.4)

3.0

(0.3)

68.9

(0.8)

15.7

(0.5)

9.7

(0.4)

5.7

(0.3)

Brazil

80.9

(0.6)

10.1

(0.4)

6.4

(0.4)

2.6

(0.2)

67.3

(0.6)

18.2

(0.5)

9.0

(0.5)

5.5

(0.4)

Brunei Darussalam

65.8

(0.6)

19.3

(0.6)

10.3

(0.4)

4.6

(0.3)

58.6

(0.8)

24.2

(0.7)

11.3

(0.5)

5.9

(0.3)

B-S-J-Z (China)

89.3

(0.5)

7.3

(0.4)

2.0

(0.2)

1.3

(0.2)

82.2

(0.6)

12.7

(0.5)

3.3

(0.2)

1.8

(0.2)

Bulgaria

63.5

(1.0)

17.8

(0.8)

12.5

(0.7)

6.2

(0.4)

59.0

(1.2)

21.1

(0.7)

12.2

(0.6)

7.7

(0.5)

Costa Rica

86.8

(0.6)

7.8

(0.4)

3.2

(0.3)

2.2

(0.2)

63.6

(0.7)

21.5

(0.6)

9.0

(0.4)

5.9

(0.4)

Croatia

83.9

(0.6)

9.3

(0.4)

4.4

(0.3)

2.4

(0.2)

73.0

(0.7)

16.1

(0.6)

6.9

(0.3)

3.9

(0.2)

Cyprus

68.8

(0.7)

13.3

(0.7)

11.3

(0.4)

6.6

(0.4)

59.3

(0.7)

20.2

(0.6)

11.5

(0.5)

9.0

(0.5)

Dominican Republic

64.3

(1.9)

14.9

(1.0)

14.7

(1.0)

6.1

(0.9)

51.0

(1.7)

19.5

(1.1)

17.9

(1.2)

11.6

(1.1)

Georgia

78.8

(0.9)

9.9

(0.6)

7.5

(0.4)

3.8

(0.3)

72.7

(0.8)

13.4

(0.5)

8.2

(0.5)

5.7

(0.4)

Hong Kong (China)*

80.9

(0.6)

9.7

(0.4)

5.3

(0.3)

4.1

(0.3)

73.3

(0.6)

16.1

(0.5)

6.4

(0.4)

4.2

(0.3)

Indonesia

64.6

(1.0)

17.5

(0.7)

11.6

(0.6)

6.2

(0.4)

58.9

(0.9)

20.9

(0.6)

12.6

(0.7)

7.6

(0.4)

Jordan

66.7

(1.0)

14.5

(0.5)

12.6

(0.7)

6.1

(0.4)

62.2

(1.0)

16.6

(0.6)

12.4

(0.5)

8.8

(0.5)

Kazakhstan

76.0

(0.7)

9.8

(0.4)

10.3

(0.4)

4.0

(0.2)

70.8

(0.7)

13.0

(0.4)

10.9

(0.4)

5.4

(0.3)

Kosovo

74.8

(0.7)

13.8

(0.6)

8.1

(0.4)

3.4

(0.3)

69.6

(0.7)

16.0

(0.6)

9.0

(0.5)

5.4

(0.4)

Lebanon

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Macao (China)

84.8

(0.6)

9.2

(0.5)

3.7

(0.3)

2.2

(0.2)

68.6

(0.7)

20.8

(0.6)

7.0

(0.4)

3.7

(0.3)

Malaysia

76.8

(0.9)

13.0

(0.6)

7.5

(0.5)

2.7

(0.2)

58.7

(0.7)

24.8

(0.6)

11.8

(0.6)

4.7

(0.3)

Malta

71.4

(0.8)

16.0

(0.7)

8.4

(0.4)

4.2

(0.4)

64.9

(1.0)

19.8

(0.8)

10.1

(0.6)

5.2

(0.4)

Moldova

77.8

(0.7)

15.3

(0.6)

4.9

(0.3)

2.0

(0.2)

61.3

(0.9)

25.7

(0.7)

8.7

(0.4)

4.4

(0.3)

Montenegro

80.5

(0.6)

9.3

(0.4)

6.8

(0.3)

3.4

(0.2)

67.0

(0.7)

17.9

(0.6)

9.0

(0.4)

6.0

(0.3)

Morocco

60.8

(1.7)

20.1

(1.0)

14.2

(0.9)

4.8

(0.5)

50.6

(1.2)

24.5

(0.9)

15.3

(0.9)

9.5

(0.5)

North Macedonia

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Panama

77.0

(1.2)

10.6

(1.0)

8.5

(0.7)

3.8

(0.5)

63.8

(1.1)

18.1

(1.0)

10.7

(0.9)

7.3

(0.6)

Peru

82.4

(0.8)

10.1

(0.5)

5.4

(0.5)

2.1

(0.3)

67.8

(1.2)

20.2

(1.1)

7.8

(0.7)

4.2

(0.4)

Philippines

39.8

(1.0)

28.0

(0.7)

21.1

(0.6)

11.1

(0.5)

40.4

(0.9)

27.1

(0.7)

21.3

(0.6)

11.1

(0.5)

Qatar

70.7

(0.4)

15.6

(0.3)

9.6

(0.2)

4.0

(0.2)

61.3

(0.5)

21.5

(0.4)

11.1

(0.3)

6.1

(0.2)

Romania

71.5

(1.1)

16.1

(0.6)

8.7

(0.6)

3.6

(0.3)

60.7

(1.1)

23.4

(0.8)

9.7

(0.6)

6.2

(0.4)

Russia

78.9

(0.7)

9.8

(0.4)

7.8

(0.4)

3.4

(0.2)

68.5

(0.8)

17.1

(0.7)

9.2

(0.4)

5.1

(0.3)

Saudi Arabia

79.2

(0.8)

9.9

(0.5)

7.4

(0.5)

3.5

(0.3)

67.8

(0.8)

17.4

(0.6)

8.7

(0.4)

6.2

(0.4)

Serbia

80.7

(1.0)

8.4

(0.6)

7.8

(0.5)

3.0

(0.3)

68.0

(0.9)

16.6

(0.5)

9.9

(0.5)

5.6

(0.4)

Singapore

80.8

(0.5)

13.1

(0.4)

3.8

(0.2)

2.3

(0.2)

69.9

(0.6)

21.6

(0.5)

5.5

(0.3)

3.0

(0.2)

Chinese Taipei

96.5

(0.2)

2.1

(0.2)

0.8

(0.1)

0.6

(0.1)

85.9

(0.5)

9.6

(0.4)

3.2

(0.2)

1.4

(0.2)

Thailand

76.3

(1.0)

12.9

(0.5)

8.0

(0.5)

2.7

(0.2)

69.0

(0.9)

17.3

(0.6)

9.8

(0.5)

3.9

(0.3)

Ukraine

82.5

(0.8)

10.6

(0.6)

5.0

(0.5)

1.9

(0.2)

70.8

(0.8)

18.0

(0.6)

7.6

(0.4)

3.7

(0.3)

United Arab Emirates

73.9

(0.7)

13.3

(0.5)

8.6

(0.3)

4.2

(0.2)

65.0

(0.8)

19.0

(0.5)

10.0

(0.3)

6.0

(0.3)

Uruguay

80.0

(0.9)

11.1

(0.7)

6.8

(0.6)

2.1

(0.2)

68.9

(1.0)

18.0

(0.7)

8.9

(0.5)

4.2

(0.4)

Viet Nam

81.5

(0.9)

11.9

(0.6)

5.0

(0.4)

1.5

(0.2)

76.2

(0.7)

15.1

(0.6)

5.5

(0.3)

3.2

(0.3)

* Data did not meet the PISA technical standards but were accepted as largely comparable (see Annexes A2 and A4).

1. The index of exposure to bullying includes the following statements: “Other students left me out of things on purpose”; “Other students made fun of me”; and “I was threatened by other students”. Higher values in the index indicate more exposure to bullying.

2. A student is frequently bullied if he or she is in the top 10 % of the index of exposure to bullying across all countries/economies.

Note: Information regarding the proportion of the sample covered is shown next to the standard error. No symbol means at least 75 % of the population was covered; one dagger (†) means at least 50 % but less than 75 %; and one double-dagger (‡) means less than 50 % was covered. For comparisons across cycles, the coverage information corresponds to the cycle with the lowest sample coverage.

 StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888934030876

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Table III.B1.2.15. Students' attitudes towards bullying
Based on students’ reports

Percentage of students who reported the following:

It irritates me when nobody defends bullied students

It is a good thing to help students who can’t defend themselves

Strongly disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly agree

Strongly disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly agree

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

OECD

Australia

4.7

(0.2)

8.8

(0.3)

48.9

(0.6)

37.6

(0.5)

2.6

(0.2)

4.7

(0.2)

53.0

(0.6)

39.6

(0.6)

Austria

13.0

(0.6)

11.5

(0.6)

35.2

(0.8)

40.3

(1.0)

6.0

(0.4)

10.0

(0.6)

36.0

(0.9)

47.9

(1.0)

Belgium

11.4

(0.4)

8.8

(0.4)

47.9

(0.7)

31.8

(0.7)

2.7

(0.2)

4.5

(0.3)

58.9

(0.7)

33.9

(0.7)

Canada

6.2

(0.3)

8.7

(0.3)

49.8

(0.5)

35.3

(0.6)

3.2

(0.2)

5.0

(0.2)

53.7

(0.5)

38.1

(0.6)

Chile

10.0

(0.6)

6.1

(0.4)

37.8

(0.8)

46.1

(1.0)

5.8

(0.4)

5.9

(0.5)

43.2

(0.7)

45.1

(1.0)

Colombia

12.3

(0.6)

13.0

(0.6)

48.1

(0.9)

26.6

(0.8)

6.0

(0.4)

10.4

(0.6)

57.1

(0.7)

26.5

(0.8)

Czech Republic

8.6

(0.4)

7.9

(0.4)

52.0

(0.8)

31.5

(0.8)

5.2

(0.4)

6.2

(0.3)

58.0

(0.8)

30.6

(0.7)

Denmark

5.2

(0.4)

6.8

(0.4)

48.9

(0.7)

39.1

(0.7)

2.8

(0.3)

5.1

(0.4)

55.7

(0.7)

36.4

(0.8)

Estonia

6.9

(0.4)

11.9

(0.5)

55.3

(0.8)

25.9

(0.7)

4.0

(0.3)

7.5

(0.4)

59.9

(0.8)

28.7

(0.7)

Finland

6.7

(0.3)

11.6

(0.5)

55.2

(0.8)

26.5

(0.7)

3.7

(0.3)

5.0

(0.3)

57.2

(0.8)

34.1

(0.7)

France

8.8

(0.5)

7.4

(0.4)

45.9

(0.7)

37.9

(0.8)

4.1

(0.4)

6.1

(0.4)

53.0

(0.7)

36.7

(0.7)

Germany

11.5

(0.7)

11.5

(0.8)

38.8

(1.2)

38.3

(1.3)

5.1

(0.5)

8.7

(0.7)

39.6

(1.2)

46.6

(1.4)

Greece

9.0

(0.5)

7.3

(0.4)

42.3

(0.7)

41.4

(0.8)

4.6

(0.3)

10.2

(0.6)

45.9

(0.8)

39.3

(0.8)

Hungary

10.2

(0.6)

14.0

(0.6)

52.4

(0.9)

23.3

(0.8)

6.1

(0.4)

11.0

(0.6)

59.6

(0.9)

23.2

(0.7)

Iceland

15.4

(0.7)

6.1

(0.4)

37.8

(1.0)

40.8

(1.0)

8.4

(0.5)

3.8

(0.4)

42.5

(1.0)

45.3

(1.0)

Ireland

3.6

(0.3)

6.5

(0.3)

49.1

(0.8)

40.9

(0.9)

2.2

(0.2)

4.0

(0.3)

53.0

(0.7)

40.9

(0.8)

Israel

9.0

(0.4)

8.6

(0.5)

41.6

(0.7)

40.8

(0.9)

4.7

(0.3)

9.2

(0.5)

44.1

(0.8)

41.9

(0.9)

Italy

8.9

(0.5)

7.0

(0.5)

45.1

(0.9)

39.0

(0.9)

4.2

(0.4)

8.9

(0.6)

49.6

(0.8)

37.3

(0.8)

Japan

10.7

(0.5)

18.3

(0.6)

50.6

(0.8)

20.4

(0.7)

6.8

(0.4)

13.2

(0.5)

58.5

(0.6)

21.5

(0.7)

Korea

6.4

(0.4)

7.9

(0.3)

59.7

(0.7)

26.0

(0.6)

3.1

(0.2)

2.9

(0.2)

61.8

(0.7)

32.3

(0.7)

Latvia

11.4

(0.5)

14.7

(0.6)

50.4

(0.9)

23.6

(0.8)

5.9

(0.3)

12.1

(0.5)

59.1

(0.8)

22.9

(0.7)

Lithuania

14.5

(0.5)

13.0

(0.5)

41.1

(0.7)

31.4

(0.6)

9.4

(0.4)

11.6

(0.5)

40.0

(0.8)

39.1

(0.7)

Luxembourg

12.4

(0.5)

9.7

(0.5)

39.2

(0.7)

38.7

(0.7)

5.5

(0.3)

7.8

(0.3)

42.3

(0.7)

44.4

(0.7)

Mexico

12.7

(0.6)

9.7

(0.6)

45.1

(0.8)

32.5

(1.0)

6.5

(0.5)

7.6

(0.5)

51.3

(0.8)

34.6

(1.0)

Netherlands*

14.1

(0.6)

15.5

(0.6)

49.3

(0.7)

21.1

(0.7)

2.8

(0.3)

5.9

(0.4)

66.2

(0.9)

25.0

(0.9)

New Zealand

4.6

(0.3)

7.8

(0.4)

50.3

(0.7)

37.2

(0.8)

2.7

(0.2)

4.1

(0.3)

54.0

(0.7)

39.2

(0.7)

Norway

6.3

(0.4)

4.8

(0.3)

40.0

(0.7)

48.9

(0.7)

4.3

(0.3)

2.6

(0.2)

42.9

(0.6)

50.2

(0.6)

Poland

11.8

(0.6)

12.5

(0.5)

49.7

(0.6)

26.1

(0.7)

7.4

(0.4)

9.7

(0.6)

56.9

(0.7)

26.0

(0.8)

Portugal*

8.2

(0.4)

10.6

(0.5)

50.2

(0.7)

31.0

(0.7)

2.0

(0.2)

3.8

(0.3)

52.2

(0.8)

42.1

(0.8)

Slovak Republic

14.1

(0.5)

13.3

(0.5)

50.5

(0.8)

22.2

(0.6)

7.6

(0.4)

13.1

(0.6)

55.3

(0.8)

24.0

(0.7)

Slovenia

9.1

(0.4)

11.0

(0.6)

54.7

(0.9)

25.1

(0.7)

4.7

(0.3)

9.2

(0.5)

58.8

(0.8)

27.4

(0.8)

Spain

6.9

(0.3)

5.9

(0.2)

39.4

(0.4)

47.8

(0.5)

3.3

(0.2)

5.1

(0.2)

44.5

(0.4)

47.1

(0.5)

Sweden

7.4

(0.5)

8.3

(0.5)

48.0

(0.8)

36.3

(0.7)

4.5

(0.4)

5.4

(0.3)

53.1

(0.8)

37.0

(0.7)

Switzerland

15.0

(0.8)

12.4

(0.7)

39.9

(1.0)

32.7

(0.9)

6.7

(0.5)

10.8

(0.7)

44.3

(1.1)

38.1

(1.0)

Turkey

12.4

(0.5)

8.0

(0.4)

34.7

(0.6)

44.9

(0.8)

7.1

(0.4)

8.8

(0.5)

42.5

(0.6)

41.6

(0.7)

United Kingdom

4.1

(0.3)

7.5

(0.4)

49.6

(0.7)

38.7

(0.8)

2.3

(0.2)

4.1

(0.3)

55.0

(0.8)

38.6

(0.8)

United States*

4.8

(0.3)

6.9

(0.5)

46.8

(0.8)

41.5

(0.8)

2.5

(0.3)

4.0

(0.3)

46.8

(0.7)

46.6

(0.7)

OECD average

9.4

(0.1)

9.8

(0.1)

46.5

(0.1)

34.3

(0.1)

4.8

(0.1)

7.2

(0.1)

51.5

(0.1)

36.5

(0.1)

Partners

Albania

8.1

(0.5)

5.6

(0.3)

45.5

(0.8)

40.8

(0.8)

4.8

(0.3)

6.4

(0.4)

44.7

(0.7)

44.0

(0.7)

Argentina

11.2

(0.6)

7.5

(0.4)

39.6

(0.8)

41.6

(0.9)

5.4

(0.4)

7.7

(0.5)

46.3

(0.8)

40.6

(0.8)

Baku (Azerbaijan)

16.4

(0.7)

12.3

(0.6)

43.2

(0.9)

28.1

(0.8)

10.0

(0.5)

12.5

(0.5)

47.0

(0.7)

30.5

(0.8)

Belarus

14.5

(0.6)

17.8

(0.6)

52.8

(0.8)

14.8

(0.6)

6.5

(0.4)

12.0

(0.6)

63.1

(0.9)

18.3

(0.7)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

13.1

(0.6)

7.3

(0.4)

42.1

(0.7)

37.5

(0.8)

6.3

(0.4)

8.1

(0.4)

47.2

(0.8)

38.4

(0.8)

Brazil

16.5

(0.6)

12.2

(0.5)

42.2

(0.7)

29.1

(0.7)

6.4

(0.4)

8.7

(0.4)

51.3

(0.7)

33.6

(0.7)

Brunei Darussalam

7.2

(0.4)

11.7

(0.5)

42.8

(0.7)

38.3

(0.7)

3.2

(0.2)

7.6

(0.4)

46.4

(0.8)

42.9

(0.8)

B-S-J-Z (China)

4.1

(0.3)

7.6

(0.4)

61.5

(0.8)

26.8

(0.8)

5.4

(0.3)

11.8

(0.4)

59.4

(0.8)

23.5

(0.7)

Bulgaria

18.1

(0.8)

13.6

(0.6)

45.0

(0.9)

23.3

(0.7)

10.3

(0.7)

16.5

(0.7)

49.3

(0.9)

23.9

(0.9)

Costa Rica

9.3

(0.5)

7.1

(0.4)

34.3

(0.7)

49.4

(0.9)

5.2

(0.4)

5.3

(0.4)

41.4

(0.7)

48.2

(0.8)

Croatia

8.7

(0.5)

8.4

(0.4)

49.2

(0.8)

33.6

(0.8)

4.4

(0.4)

6.8

(0.4)

52.0

(0.7)

36.8

(0.7)

Cyprus

14.7

(0.6)

11.4

(0.5)

39.2

(0.8)

34.7

(0.8)

7.6

(0.4)

13.4

(0.6)

42.9

(0.9)

36.0

(0.7)

Dominican Republic

16.9

(1.1)

10.9

(0.8)

41.2

(1.4)

30.9

(1.5)

10.2

(0.9)

13.0

(1.2)

43.8

(1.3)

33.1

(1.5)

Georgia

11.1

(0.6)

8.4

(0.5)

40.1

(0.9)

40.4

(0.9)

6.3

(0.4)

8.2

(0.6)

42.4

(0.8)

43.0

(0.8)

Hong Kong (China)*

6.8

(0.4)

18.0

(0.7)

59.4

(0.7)

15.8

(0.7)

5.9

(0.3)

13.2

(0.6)

64.4

(0.7)

16.5

(0.7)

Indonesia

14.5

(0.5)

11.2

(0.5)

51.7

(0.8)

22.6

(0.9)

9.4

(0.5)

11.1

(0.6)

57.1

(0.9)

22.4

(0.9)

Jordan

24.9

(0.9)

14.6

(0.5)

38.3

(0.8)

22.2

(0.6)

9.1

(0.4)

16.6

(0.6)

42.2

(0.7)

32.1

(0.8)

Kazakhstan

19.0

(0.4)

16.3

(0.4)

48.3

(0.5)

16.4

(0.4)

11.9

(0.3)

14.3

(0.5)

55.0

(0.5)

18.8

(0.4)

Kosovo

13.4

(0.5)

9.4

(0.5)

46.7

(0.9)

30.5

(0.8)

7.7

(0.5)

9.8

(0.5)

49.3

(0.8)

33.2

(0.8)

Lebanon

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Macao (China)

6.1

(0.4)

19.3

(0.6)

57.4

(0.7)

17.2

(0.5)

3.0

(0.3)

13.3

(0.5)

64.9

(0.7)

18.8

(0.6)

Malaysia

8.1

(0.4)

9.6

(0.5)

50.7

(0.8)

31.5

(0.9)

4.9

(0.3)

8.2

(0.6)

49.8

(0.8)

37.1

(1.0)

Malta

7.1

(0.5)

5.9

(0.4)

42.2

(1.1)

44.7

(1.0)

3.6

(0.3)

6.3

(0.5)

44.0

(0.9)

46.1

(0.9)

Moldova

12.2

(0.6)

14.3

(0.6)

53.5

(0.8)

20.1

(0.7)

3.0

(0.3)

5.9

(0.5)

61.7

(0.8)

29.3

(0.8)

Montenegro

12.2

(0.5)

8.5

(0.4)

40.6

(0.6)

38.7

(0.6)

6.4

(0.3)

9.2

(0.4)

44.3

(0.6)

40.1

(0.7)

Morocco

19.8

(1.0)

13.3

(0.7)

41.9

(0.9)

25.0

(1.3)

10.1

(0.6)

17.3

(1.0)

45.7

(1.0)

26.9

(1.2)

North Macedonia

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Panama

16.2

(1.1)

10.8

(0.8)

36.1

(1.5)

37.0

(1.6)

6.9

(0.6)

9.8

(1.0)

46.1

(1.5)

37.3

(1.5)

Peru

13.3

(0.9)

9.3

(0.6)

42.1

(1.2)

35.2

(1.2)

6.0

(0.5)

6.3

(0.7)

48.5

(1.3)

39.2

(1.3)

Philippines

8.1

(0.4)

14.5

(0.6)

55.3

(0.8)

22.0

(0.7)

4.8

(0.4)

11.3

(0.5)

58.3

(0.7)

25.6

(0.9)

Qatar

13.1

(0.3)

9.4

(0.3)

36.6

(0.5)

40.9

(0.5)

7.1

(0.2)

9.7

(0.3)

39.5

(0.4)

43.8

(0.5)

Romania

10.3

(0.7)

12.7

(0.6)

51.6

(0.9)

25.4

(0.9)

3.9

(0.3)

11.5

(0.7)

56.3

(0.9)

28.4

(0.9)

Russia

12.3

(0.5)

13.9

(0.6)

52.8

(0.8)

21.0

(0.7)

5.9

(0.4)

12.6

(0.5)

59.9

(0.7)

21.6

(0.7)

Saudi Arabia

20.3

(0.8)

10.3

(0.5)

40.5

(0.7)

28.8

(0.7)

10.2

(0.6)

15.0

(0.6)

42.7

(0.7)

32.0

(0.8)

Serbia

12.7

(0.7)

9.2

(0.4)

44.0

(0.7)

34.1

(0.8)

6.9

(0.5)

9.0

(0.6)

49.5

(0.9)

34.5

(0.8)

Singapore

3.4

(0.3)

7.0

(0.3)

50.4

(0.7)

39.1

(0.7)

2.5

(0.2)

3.5

(0.2)

52.0

(0.6)

42.1

(0.6)

Chinese Taipei

8.4

(0.4)

16.5

(0.5)

57.7

(0.6)

17.4

(0.5)

7.6

(0.4)

8.6

(0.4)

61.3

(0.6)

22.4

(0.5)

Thailand

15.4

(0.6)

17.1

(0.6)

52.8

(0.7)

14.7

(0.6)

9.5

(0.5)

14.0

(0.6)

57.9

(0.7)

18.7

(0.8)

Ukraine

10.9

(0.5)

13.3

(0.6)

55.3

(0.8)

20.4

(0.7)

6.6

(0.4)

10.3

(0.5)

60.1

(0.7)

23.0

(0.7)

United Arab Emirates

13.3

(0.4)

9.3

(0.3)

35.7

(0.5)

41.7

(0.5)

7.5

(0.3)

9.3

(0.3)

38.5

(0.5)

44.7

(0.5)

Uruguay

10.7

(0.7)

6.2

(0.5)

39.1

(0.9)

44.0

(1.0)

5.9

(0.5)

7.9

(0.6)

44.6

(0.9)

41.6

(0.9)

Viet Nam

12.1

(0.6)

16.7

(0.8)

53.8

(1.0)

17.4

(1.0)

5.7

(0.4)

9.8

(0.5)

64.5

(1.1)

20.0

(1.2)

Percentage of students who reported the following:

It is a wrong thing to join in bullying

I feel bad seeing other students bullied

Strongly disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly agree

Strongly disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly agree

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

OECD

Australia

4.1

(0.3)

4.1

(0.2)

36.1

(0.6)

55.8

(0.6)

2.9

(0.2)

5.1

(0.3)

44.4

(0.6)

47.6

(0.6)

Austria

6.2

(0.4)

6.8

(0.4)

19.0

(0.7)

67.9

(1.0)

7.4

(0.5)

12.9

(0.6)

33.1

(0.9)

46.7

(1.0)

Belgium

3.2

(0.3)

2.6

(0.2)

32.8

(0.6)

61.4

(0.8)

3.4

(0.3)

9.7

(0.4)

48.6

(0.6)

38.3

(0.7)

Canada

4.0

(0.2)

3.6

(0.2)

38.3

(0.6)

54.1

(0.6)

3.3

(0.2)

5.5

(0.2)

45.3

(0.6)

45.8

(0.6)

Chile

8.5

(0.4)

5.1

(0.4)

29.8

(0.7)

56.5

(1.0)

6.1

(0.4)

6.7

(0.5)

38.6

(0.7)

48.6

(0.9)

Colombia

9.9

(0.6)

21.9

(0.8)

42.3

(0.8)

25.8

(1.0)

6.1

(0.5)

11.7

(0.5)

54.6

(1.0)

27.6

(0.8)

Czech Republic

6.9

(0.4)

5.0

(0.3)

41.7

(0.9)

46.4

(0.9)

6.5

(0.4)

7.4

(0.4)

50.6

(0.8)

35.4

(0.9)

Denmark

3.7

(0.3)

1.9

(0.2)

30.1

(0.8)

64.3

(0.9)

3.2

(0.3)

5.2

(0.3)

41.1

(0.8)

50.4

(0.9)

Estonia

4.3

(0.3)

6.6

(0.4)

47.5

(0.8)

41.6

(0.8)

4.3

(0.4)

10.1

(0.4)

53.7

(0.8)

31.8

(0.8)

Finland

3.5

(0.3)

3.4

(0.3)

37.0

(0.7)

56.1

(0.8)

3.7

(0.2)

7.2

(0.4)

46.7

(0.8)

42.4

(0.8)

France

4.0

(0.4)

3.1

(0.3)

32.4

(0.8)

60.4

(0.9)

4.5

(0.4)

6.6

(0.3)

42.3

(0.8)

46.6

(0.8)

Germany

4.4

(0.5)

5.3

(0.6)

20.3

(1.0)

70.0

(1.4)

6.4

(0.5)

13.5

(0.8)

36.1

(1.2)

44.0

(1.4)

Greece

6.3

(0.4)

8.5

(0.5)

35.6

(0.7)

49.6

(0.9)

4.5

(0.3)

7.5

(0.4)

41.9

(0.7)

46.0

(0.9)

Hungary

9.3

(0.5)

15.5

(0.5)

46.2

(0.8)

29.0

(0.8)

6.5

(0.4)

13.7

(0.6)

53.1

(0.8)

26.7

(0.8)

Iceland

9.0

(0.5)

2.7

(0.3)

28.2

(0.9)

60.2

(0.9)

8.6

(0.5)

5.3

(0.4)

33.7

(1.0)

52.4

(1.1)

Ireland

3.8

(0.3)

2.5

(0.3)

31.5

(0.7)

62.2

(0.7)

2.0

(0.2)

3.3

(0.3)

43.0

(0.8)

51.7

(0.8)

Israel

6.5

(0.3)

9.5

(0.5)

33.5

(0.7)

50.4

(0.9)

4.6

(0.2)

8.4

(0.4)

40.7

(0.8)

46.3

(0.9)

Italy

6.9

(0.4)

7.9

(0.4)

38.4

(0.9)

46.9

(1.0)

5.4

(0.3)

11.7

(0.6)

49.5

(0.9)

33.5

(0.9)

Japan

3.8

(0.3)

3.3

(0.3)

37.8

(0.7)

55.1

(0.9)

4.6

(0.3)

5.3

(0.3)

42.7

(0.7)

47.4

(0.8)

Korea

3.6

(0.2)

3.1

(0.2)

46.7

(0.7)

46.6

(0.7)

2.8

(0.2)

2.7

(0.3)

58.5

(0.6)

35.9

(0.7)

Latvia

7.2

(0.4)

10.2

(0.5)

51.2

(0.9)

31.4

(0.8)

6.6

(0.4)

16.2

(0.7)

53.5

(0.9)

23.7

(0.8)

Lithuania

10.2

(0.5)

8.9

(0.5)

31.3

(0.6)

49.6

(0.8)

10.3

(0.5)

12.2

(0.4)

37.8

(0.7)

39.7

(0.6)

Luxembourg

6.3

(0.4)

5.1

(0.3)

24.2

(0.5)

64.4

(0.6)

6.7

(0.3)

11.4

(0.5)

36.1

(0.7)

45.8

(0.7)

Mexico

9.4

(0.6)

8.5

(0.6)

36.7

(0.9)

45.4

(1.2)

7.4

(0.5)

8.5

(0.5)

46.8

(0.8)

37.4

(1.1)

Netherlands*

3.2

(0.3)

2.0

(0.2)

37.3

(0.8)

57.5

(0.8)

2.6

(0.3)

6.7

(0.5)

53.3

(0.8)

37.4

(0.8)

New Zealand

4.2

(0.3)

3.9

(0.3)

36.2

(0.7)

55.7

(0.7)

2.8

(0.2)

4.7

(0.3)

44.1

(0.8)

48.4

(0.7)

Norway

4.6

(0.3)

1.8

(0.2)

24.5

(0.6)

69.1

(0.8)

5.1

(0.3)

4.1

(0.3)

29.7

(0.7)

61.1

(0.8)

Poland

8.0

(0.4)

11.8

(0.6)

50.5

(0.8)

29.6

(0.9)

7.8

(0.4)

13.2

(0.5)

53.6

(0.8)

25.5

(0.7)

Portugal*

4.3

(0.3)

9.5

(0.5)

42.0

(0.7)

44.2

(0.9)

2.1

(0.2)

4.7

(0.3)

49.9

(0.9)

43.2

(0.9)

Slovak Republic

8.4

(0.4)

11.2

(0.6)

49.1

(0.7)

31.4

(0.7)

7.8

(0.4)

12.3

(0.6)

51.6

(0.7)

28.3

(0.7)

Slovenia

5.8

(0.4)

10.0

(0.5)

48.4

(0.9)

35.8

(0.8)

4.7

(0.3)

8.6

(0.5)

56.0

(0.9)

30.7

(0.8)

Spain

5.6

(0.2)

4.8

(0.3)

24.6

(0.4)

65.0

(0.5)

3.7

(0.2)

5.3

(0.2)

37.6

(0.4)

53.4

(0.5)

Sweden

5.2

(0.4)

2.8

(0.3)

29.7

(0.7)

62.3

(0.9)

6.0

(0.5)

10.7

(0.5)

41.9

(0.7)

41.4

(0.8)

Switzerland

6.7

(0.5)

7.4

(0.6)

27.2

(0.9)

58.7

(1.0)

7.4

(0.5)

13.3

(0.6)

37.6

(1.1)

41.6

(0.9)

Turkey

9.6

(0.4)

10.5

(0.4)

36.9

(0.6)

43.0

(0.7)

7.1

(0.4)

8.0

(0.3)

42.2

(0.6)

42.6

(0.7)

United Kingdom

3.0

(0.2)

2.3

(0.2)

30.7

(0.8)

64.0

(0.8)

2.1

(0.2)

4.7

(0.3)

42.7

(0.7)

50.6

(0.8)

United States*

3.8

(0.3)

2.7

(0.3)

33.1

(0.7)

60.3

(0.9)

2.5

(0.2)

4.4

(0.4)

41.4

(0.7)

51.7

(0.8)

OECD average

5.9

(0.1)

6.4

(0.1)

35.7

(0.1)

52.1

(0.1)

5.1

(0.1)

8.3

(0.1)

44.7

(0.1)

41.8

(0.1)

Partners

Albania

7.8

(0.4)

6.5

(0.4)

34.3

(0.7)

51.4

(0.7)

4.9

(0.3)

4.7

(0.3)

39.2

(0.7)

51.2

(0.8)

Argentina

10.5

(0.6)

10.0

(0.5)

32.5

(0.8)

46.9

(0.8)

6.3

(0.4)

8.2

(0.4)

42.6

(0.7)

42.9

(0.8)

Baku (Azerbaijan)

12.1

(0.6)

12.3

(0.5)

44.9

(1.0)

30.7

(0.8)

9.9

(0.6)

11.0

(0.5)

47.7

(0.9)

31.4

(0.8)

Belarus

10.2

(0.4)

13.9

(0.5)

53.0

(0.8)

22.9

(0.8)

7.9

(0.5)

20.2

(0.6)

55.2

(0.8)

16.7

(0.7)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

7.9

(0.4)

6.4

(0.4)

41.9

(0.8)

43.7

(0.9)

6.1

(0.4)

6.9

(0.4)

45.1

(0.7)

41.9

(0.9)

Brazil

8.0

(0.4)

8.6

(0.4)

40.5

(0.7)

42.9

(0.9)

6.1

(0.4)

8.3

(0.4)

46.2

(0.7)

39.4

(0.8)

Brunei Darussalam

7.0

(0.4)

6.3

(0.3)

30.8

(0.7)

56.0

(0.7)

3.5

(0.3)

6.2

(0.3)

37.8

(0.7)

52.5

(0.7)

B-S-J-Z (China)

2.6

(0.2)

1.7

(0.2)

43.9

(0.8)

51.8

(0.8)

2.6

(0.2)

8.0

(0.4)

60.5

(0.7)

28.9

(0.7)

Bulgaria

10.1

(0.6)

12.8

(0.7)

44.9

(1.0)

32.2

(1.0)

10.3

(0.7)

14.8

(0.7)

45.7

(1.1)

29.2

(0.9)

Costa Rica

8.1

(0.4)

5.9

(0.3)

30.3

(0.7)

55.8

(1.0)

5.8

(0.5)

6.4

(0.4)

38.4

(0.7)

49.4

(0.9)

Croatia

5.2

(0.4)

6.1

(0.4)

41.1

(0.7)

47.6

(0.8)

4.5

(0.3)

8.0

(0.4)

47.1

(0.8)

40.4

(0.8)

Cyprus

8.8

(0.4)

12.3

(0.6)

35.7

(0.9)

43.2

(0.9)

6.9

(0.5)

10.8

(0.4)

40.3

(0.8)

42.0

(0.8)

Dominican Republic

12.5

(0.8)

13.8

(0.9)

40.8

(1.3)

32.9

(1.6)

10.9

(0.9)

10.6

(0.9)

45.2

(1.4)

33.4

(1.5)

Georgia

9.3

(0.4)

10.8

(0.5)

36.7

(0.8)

43.2

(1.0)

6.4

(0.3)

7.6

(0.5)

39.9

(0.9)

46.0

(0.9)

Hong Kong (China)*

4.3

(0.3)

4.7

(0.3)

53.3

(0.8)

37.8

(0.8)

5.0

(0.3)

12.4

(0.5)

60.8

(0.8)

21.8

(0.8)

Indonesia

22.2

(0.7)

20.6

(0.7)

34.4

(0.7)

22.7

(0.9)

9.7

(0.5)

10.8

(0.5)

57.0

(0.8)

22.5

(0.8)

Jordan

12.9

(0.5)

17.5

(0.6)

44.3

(0.7)

25.3

(0.8)

9.4

(0.4)

10.8

(0.4)

42.4

(0.6)

37.4

(0.7)

Kazakhstan

14.0

(0.3)

14.4

(0.4)

49.6

(0.5)

22.0

(0.5)

13.2

(0.3)

16.8

(0.4)

51.6

(0.5)

18.4

(0.4)

Kosovo

12.2

(0.6)

11.6

(0.5)

40.4

(0.8)

35.8

(0.8)

7.9

(0.5)

8.0

(0.4)

46.5

(0.9)

37.5

(0.9)

Lebanon

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Macao (China)

2.6

(0.3)

4.5

(0.4)

48.2

(0.8)

44.7

(0.8)

2.6

(0.3)

11.8

(0.5)

59.4

(0.7)

26.2

(0.6)

Malaysia

8.2

(0.4)

7.8

(0.4)

35.7

(0.8)

48.3

(1.0)

4.6

(0.3)

8.0

(0.4)

49.7

(0.7)

37.7

(0.9)

Malta

5.8

(0.4)

4.6

(0.4)

33.7

(0.9)

55.9

(0.9)

3.9

(0.4)

5.4

(0.4)

38.1

(0.8)

52.6

(0.9)

Moldova

8.3

(0.5)

17.3

(0.7)

46.6

(0.9)

27.9

(0.7)

4.7

(0.3)

12.6

(0.4)

57.3

(0.8)

25.3

(0.7)

Montenegro

7.9

(0.4)

9.1

(0.4)

39.1

(0.6)

43.9

(0.7)

6.6

(0.4)

9.0

(0.4)

42.9

(0.6)

41.5

(0.6)

Morocco

11.3

(0.7)

21.6

(0.9)

41.9

(0.9)

25.2

(1.2)

10.0

(0.6)

16.1

(0.9)

44.9

(0.9)

29.0

(1.2)

North Macedonia

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Panama

13.6

(0.9)

12.2

(0.8)

34.2

(1.3)

40.0

(1.4)

8.5

(0.8)

10.5

(0.9)

42.4

(1.4)

38.5

(1.6)

Peru

9.6

(0.7)

9.1

(0.8)

36.5

(1.3)

44.8

(1.5)

6.2

(0.6)

7.8

(0.6)

46.2

(1.2)

39.8

(1.3)

Philippines

8.7

(0.4)

12.7

(0.5)

43.8

(0.8)

34.8

(0.9)

6.3

(0.3)

11.7

(0.5)

49.3

(0.8)

32.7

(0.8)

Qatar

10.2

(0.3)

10.7

(0.3)

31.4

(0.5)

47.7

(0.5)

7.3

(0.2)

8.4

(0.3)

36.1

(0.4)

48.2

(0.5)

Romania

10.0

(0.6)

14.7

(0.7)

43.3

(0.9)

32.0

(1.1)

4.8

(0.4)

13.6

(0.6)

52.1

(0.8)

29.6

(0.8)

Russia

6.8

(0.4)

9.5

(0.5)

53.7

(0.8)

30.0

(1.0)

6.8

(0.4)

16.2

(0.5)

54.1

(0.6)

22.8

(0.8)

Saudi Arabia

14.9

(0.6)

14.4

(0.5)

31.6

(0.7)

39.2

(1.0)

10.4

(0.5)

10.7

(0.4)

37.1

(0.6)

41.8

(0.9)

Serbia

7.9

(0.5)

9.4

(0.5)

42.6

(0.8)

40.2

(0.9)

7.2

(0.6)

9.4

(0.5)

46.0

(0.9)

37.5

(0.8)

Singapore

2.5

(0.2)

1.7

(0.2)

36.5

(0.6)

59.2

(0.6)

2.1

(0.2)

3.7

(0.3)

43.2

(0.6)

51.0

(0.6)

Chinese Taipei

4.5

(0.3)

3.1

(0.2)

47.3

(0.7)

45.1

(0.8)

5.0

(0.3)

12.2

(0.5)

57.9

(0.8)

24.9

(0.7)

Thailand

13.7

(0.6)

14.6

(0.6)

47.6

(0.7)

24.1

(0.9)

8.6

(0.5)

11.8

(0.6)

56.8

(0.7)

22.9

(0.8)

Ukraine

10.3

(0.5)

11.8

(0.5)

50.3

(0.7)

27.5

(0.9)

9.5

(0.5)

11.5

(0.5)

52.7

(0.6)

26.2

(0.8)

United Arab Emirates

13.5

(0.3)

9.2

(0.3)

28.7

(0.5)

48.6

(0.6)

7.6

(0.3)

7.4

(0.3)

33.2

(0.5)

51.8

(0.6)

Uruguay

7.9

(0.6)

8.5

(0.6)

33.5

(1.0)

50.1

(1.2)

5.6

(0.5)

7.4

(0.5)

42.2

(0.9)

44.8

(1.0)

Viet Nam

9.3

(0.5)

8.3

(0.6)

49.3

(1.2)

33.1

(1.5)

6.4

(0.4)

7.7

(0.5)

56.8

(1.1)

29.1

(1.2)

Percentage of students who reported the following:

I like it when someone stands up for other students who are being bullied

Strongly disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly agree

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

%

S.E.

OECD

Australia

2.3

(0.1)

3.5

(0.2)

44.2

(0.6)

49.9

(0.6)

Austria

6.3

(0.4)

7.3

(0.5)

27.8

(0.8)

58.6

(1.1)

Belgium

2.4

(0.2)

3.1

(0.2)

50.2

(0.7)

44.3

(0.7)

Canada

2.9

(0.2)

3.7

(0.2)

45.2

(0.6)

48.3

(0.6)

Chile

6.4

(0.5)

4.6

(0.4)

36.1

(0.7)

52.9

(1.0)

Colombia

5.8

(0.4)

8.6

(0.5)

51.0

(0.9)

34.6

(0.9)

Czech Republic

5.5

(0.4)

5.1

(0.3)

50.8

(0.9)

38.6

(0.9)

Denmark

3.0

(0.3)

3.2

(0.3)

41.6

(0.8)

52.2

(0.9)

Estonia

4.5

(0.3)

6.8

(0.4)

53.4

(0.9)

35.4

(0.8)

Finland

3.1

(0.2)

4.5

(0.3)

47.2

(0.8)

45.2

(0.8)

France

3.9

(0.4)

3.5

(0.3)

43.4

(0.8)

49.2

(0.8)

Germany

4.1

(0.5)

5.6

(0.6)

30.2

(1.3)

60.0

(1.5)

Greece

4.8

(0.3)

6.4

(0.4)

39.8

(0.6)

49.0

(0.8)

Hungary

6.1

(0.4)

9.0

(0.5)

52.5

(0.9)

32.4

(0.9)

Iceland

9.4

(0.5)

4.7

(0.4)

37.1

(0.9)

48.9

(0.9)

Ireland

1.9

(0.2)

2.0

(0.2)

42.4

(0.8)

53.7

(0.8)

Israel

4.5

(0.3)

6.1

(0.4)

36.8

(0.7)

52.5

(0.8)

Italy

5.0

(0.4)

6.2

(0.4)

45.9

(0.9)

43.0

(0.9)

Japan

7.1

(0.4)

9.2

(0.4)

48.5

(0.7)

35.1

(0.7)

Korea

2.7

(0.2)

3.4

(0.3)

58.6

(0.6)

35.4

(0.7)

Latvia

6.7

(0.4)

9.1

(0.5)

54.8

(0.9)

29.4

(0.8)

Lithuania

9.1

(0.4)

8.6

(0.4)

35.2

(0.8)

47.1

(0.7)

Luxembourg

5.7

(0.3)

5.8

(0.3)

33.4

(0.7)

55.0

(0.6)

Mexico

7.0

(0.5)

5.9

(0.5)

44.0

(0.8)

43.0

(1.0)

Netherlands*

1.9

(0.3)

2.5

(0.3)

47.3

(0.8)

48.3

(0.9)

New Zealand

2.3

(0.2)

3.3

(0.2)

43.5

(0.8)

51.0

(0.8)

Norway

5.4

(0.3)

2.2

(0.2)

30.4

(0.6)

62.0

(0.7)

Poland

7.3

(0.4)

8.6

(0.5)

52.7

(0.7)

31.4

(0.7)

Portugal*

3.2

(0.3)

4.1

(0.3)

47.0

(0.8)

45.7

(0.8)

Slovak Republic

7.3

(0.4)

9.1

(0.5)

51.8

(0.8)

31.8

(0.7)

Slovenia

5.6

(0.3)

8.1

(0.4)

51.5

(0.8)

34.9

(0.8)

Spain

3.5

(0.2)

3.6

(0.2)

33.8

(0.4)

59.1

(0.5)

Sweden

4.5

(0.4)

3.4

(0.3)

41.4

(0.7)

50.8

(0.8)

Switzerland

5.5

(0.5)

7.5

(0.5)

35.6

(0.9)

51.4

(1.0)

Turkey

9.8

(0.4)

8.6

(0.4)

38.3

(0.6)

43.3

(0.7)

United Kingdom

1.6

(0.2)

2.8

(0.2)

44.0

(0.8)

51.5

(0.8)

United States*

2.2

(0.2)

2.7

(0.3)

39.9

(0.8)

55.2

(0.9)

OECD average

4.9

(0.1)

5.5

(0.1)

43.4

(0.1)

46.2

(0.1)

Partners

Albania

4.6

(0.4)

4.0

(0.3)

37.1

(0.8)

54.3

(0.8)

Argentina

6.1

(0.4)

5.5

(0.4)

38.6

(0.7)

49.8

(0.8)

Baku (Azerbaijan)

10.9

(0.5)

10.0

(0.6)

44.6

(0.8)

34.5

(0.9)

Belarus

7.2

(0.4)

10.3

(0.5)

59.5

(0.9)

23.0

(0.7)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

6.1

(0.4)

5.1

(0.3)

42.8

(0.7)

46.0

(0.9)

Brazil

6.7

(0.4)

6.0

(0.4)

44.9

(0.7)

42.5

(0.8)

Brunei Darussalam

4.7

(0.3)

7.3

(0.4)

34.1

(0.8)

54.0

(0.8)

B-S-J-Z (China)

2.9

(0.3)

6.4

(0.3)

55.1

(0.7)

35.6

(0.7)

Bulgaria

11.8

(0.7)

11.9

(0.7)

44.9

(1.0)

31.4

(0.9)

Costa Rica

5.8

(0.4)

4.0

(0.3)

34.2

(0.7)

56.0

(0.7)

Croatia

4.5

(0.3)

5.2

(0.3)

46.6

(0.7)

43.7

(0.8)

Cyprus

8.0

(0.4)

9.5

(0.5)

37.9

(0.8)

44.6

(0.8)

Dominican Republic

11.1

(0.9)

8.7

(0.7)

39.7

(1.4)

40.5

(1.5)

Georgia

9.3

(0.5)

10.4

(0.6)

39.2

(0.9)

41.1

(0.9)

Hong Kong (China)*

4.4

(0.3)

7.1

(0.4)

60.2

(0.7)

28.4

(0.7)

Indonesia

14.4

(0.6)

12.7

(0.5)

46.7

(0.8)

26.2

(0.8)

Jordan

10.8

(0.5)

9.7

(0.4)

39.0

(0.7)

40.5

(0.8)

Kazakhstan

13.0

(0.4)

12.6

(0.4)

52.7

(0.5)

21.8

(0.5)

Kosovo

8.5

(0.6)

8.4

(0.5)

42.4

(0.8)

40.7

(0.9)

Lebanon

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Macao (China)

2.2

(0.2)

7.3

(0.5)

57.8

(0.7)

32.8

(0.6)

Malaysia

6.0

(0.4)

6.8

(0.5)

43.4

(0.8)

43.8

(1.0)

Malta

3.7

(0.3)

3.9

(0.4)

37.0

(0.9)

55.4

(0.9)

Moldova

6.3

(0.5)

8.9

(0.5)

50.4

(0.9)

34.4

(0.9)

Montenegro

6.6

(0.4)

6.7

(0.4)

41.6

(0.6)

45.1

(0.6)

Morocco

11.1

(0.8)

14.9

(0.9)

41.1

(1.0)

33.0

(1.1)

North Macedonia

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

Panama

8.2

(0.8)

7.4

(0.7)

39.8

(1.5)

44.6

(1.4)

Peru

7.0

(0.6)

6.0

(0.5)

42.9

(1.2)

44.2

(1.2)

Philippines

8.0

(0.4)

13.7

(0.5)

47.4

(0.9)

30.9

(0.9)

Qatar

7.5

(0.2)

7.1

(0.2)

31.7

(0.5)

53.7

(0.5)

Romania

5.0

(0.4)

8.4

(0.5)

49.0

(0.7)

37.6

(0.9)

Russia

6.2

(0.4)

9.9

(0.4)

57.6

(0.7)

26.3

(0.7)

Saudi Arabia

11.9

(0.6)

9.4

(0.5)

33.2

(0.7)

45.5

(0.9)

Serbia

7.2

(0.5)

6.6

(0.4)

44.9

(0.8)

41.4

(0.9)

Singapore

1.6

(0.2)

2.9