How’s life in the digital age in Turkey?

Compared to other OECD countries, Turkey has been exposed to limited opportunities of the digital transformation, while experiencing relatively high risks. While Internet access rates are slightly above the OECD average, a relatively high share of people do not use the Internet, with 65% of the population having used the Internet in the last 12 months, compared to an OECD average of 84%. The inequality of Internet uses is very high, which means that while a small minority has embraced a wide range of the possibilities offered by the Internet, a majority of people does not use the Internet at all or for limited activities. In addition, the level of digital skills is substantially lower than in the rest of the OECD. Turkey’s limited performance in the realm of opportunities is accompanied by a high exposure to some risks. 43% of jobs in Turkey are at risk of automation, which is the third highest share in the OECD. In addition, more people in Turkey than in any other country reported having been exposed to disinformation online (note that this survey only covers Turkey’s online population). However, thanks to the limited spread of digital technologies, Turkey produces the least amount of e-waste in the OECD.

Figure 4.34. The digital well-being wheel in Turkey

Note: This wheel depicts Turkey’s relative performance in terms of key opportunities and risks in the context of the digital transformation. The centre of the wheel corresponds to the lowest outcome observed across all OECD countries, while the outer circle corresponds to the highest outcome. For opportunities (in dark blue) longer bars indicate better outcomes, whereas for risks (in yellow), longer bars indicate worse outcomes. If data are missing for any given indicator, the relevant segment of the circle is shaded in white.


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