Country profile: Slovenia

Geography, population and living standards

Area (sq. km)

20 273


2 064 840

Population density (sq. km)


Urban population


Population growth rate

0.1% (2016 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.55 (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

78.2 years

Ethnic groups

83.06% Slovene, 1.98% Serb, 1.81% Croat, 1.10% Bosniak, 4.85% other minorities, 8.9% other (2002)


State structure

Parliamentary republic


President elected by popular vote every 5 years

The prime minister of Slovenia is appointed by the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia


Asymmetric Bicameral

National Assembly: 90 Members of parliament (including 1 representing the Italian minority and 1 representing the Hungarian minority)

National Council: 40 Councillors

National Assembly members serve 4-year terms and National Council members serve 5-year terms.


Last parliamentary elections were held on 13 July 2014 (next to be held in July 2018)

Last presidential elections were held on 22 December 2012 (next to be held in December 2017)

Political situation

The Modern Centre Party led by Miror Cerar won 36 seats with the Slovenian Democratic Party in second with 21 seats. The current government is a centre/centre-left coalition of the Modern Centre Party, Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia and Social Democrats.

Legal system

Civil law system; legal appeals are made to the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia

Administrative-territorial structure

Slovenia has 212 municipalities and 11 urban areas. Each municipality has a mayor and a municipal council normally elected by proportional representation once every four years.

Source: Eurostat database; the World Bank database; Economist Intelligence Unit; The CIA World Factbook.

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