Acronyms and abbreviations


Body mass index


WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative


Disability adjusted life years


European Union


The 27 European Union Member States


Global Physical Activity Questionnaire


Health-enhancing physical activity, any form of physical activity that benefits health and functional capacity without undue harm or risk


Light-intensity physical activity, between 1.5 and less than 3 METs. This includes slow walking, bathing, or other incidental activities that do not result in a substantial increase in heart rate or breathing rate.


Metabolic equivalent of task, a measure to reflect the intensity of physical activities, and allows comparison between them. One MET is the energy equivalent expended per unit of time by an individual while seated at rest. More intense activities, which cost more energy expenditure than being seated at rest, are attributed higher METs.


A tool for tracking physical activity, calculated by the intensity of activity (in MET) multiplied by the duration of activity (in minutes)


Moderate-intensity physical activity, between 3 and less than 6 METs. This includes activities such as gardening, dancing or brisk walking.


Non-communicable diseases

PA/BMI link

The OECD SPHeP-NCDs model includes a link between physical activity (PA) and BMI, to capture the effects of physical activity on weight


Population attributable fraction


Physical activity on prescription


Physical education


Purchasing power parities are the rates of currency conversion that try to equalise the purchasing power of different currencies, by eliminating the differences in price levels between countries.


Strategic Public Health Planning for Non-Communicable Diseases model


Vigorous-intensity physical activity, 6 or more METs. This includes activities such as fast swimming or running

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