This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.

This report has been compiled within the GIZ program “Capacity Development for climate policy in the countries of South East, Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus and Central Asia, Phase III”.

As a service provider with worldwide operations in the fields of international cooperation for sustainable development and international education work, GIZ works together with its partners to develop effective solutions that offer people better prospects and sustainably improve their living conditions. GIZ is a public-benefit federal enterprise and supports the German Government and a host of public and private sector clients in a wide variety of areas, including economic development and employment promotion, energy and the environment, and peace and security.

This report was prepared by Douglas Herrick under the supervision of Kumi Kitamori, Jean-François Lengellé and Virginie Marchal as part of the work of the GREEN Action Task Force hosted at the OECD. Aday Nygmanov compiled the database following methodology developed by Alin Horj.

The authors gratefully acknowledge the comments and contributions from colleagues across the OECD, partner organisations and government agencies. This report benefited from comments from the following OECD experts: Francesco Alonso, Ksenia Lytvynenko, Alexandre Martoussevich, Gabriela Miranda, Daniel Quadbeck, Antti Rauhala and Geoff Upton. The authors are indebted to the following external experts, whose comments greatly improved the draft report: Michael Begak (GIZ external consultant), Sarah Duhr (GIZ), Julia Gerlach (GIZ), Sergiu Gradinaru (GIZ), Julia Grishchenkova (GIZ), Andrei Isac (Regional Environmental Centre Moldova), Tatsiana Kananchuk (Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, Republic of Belarus), Jari Kauppila (ITF), Mikheil Khuchua (GIZ), Irina Korolenko (GIZ), Stephan Kroel (GIZ), Lara Lukina (Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, Republic of Belarus), Dejan Makovsek (ITF), Steffi Mallinger (GIZ), Pavlo Masiukov (GIZ), Anna Petrus (IEA), Darya Sotnikova (Ministry of Economy, Republic of Belarus), Ilka Starrost (GIZ), Olena Symonenko (GIZ), Ketevan Vardosanidze (GIZ), Talya Vatman (IEA), Aya Wietzorrek (GIZ) and Oscar Zarzo Fuertes (GIZ) as well as the Energy Community Secretariat.

The report was prepared for publication by Lupita Johanson.

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