Acronyms and abbreviations

AI

Artificial Intelligence

ASMR

Age-standardised mortality rate

ASSIST

Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test

ATC

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical

AUDIT-C

WHO Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Concise (AUDIT-C)

BfS

Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz (Germany’s Federal Office for Radiation Protection)

BMI

Body Mass Index

CCE

Colon capsule endoscopy

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States)

CNS

Central nervous system

CME

Continuous medical education

CraNE

Joint Action on network of Comprehensive Cancer Centres

CT

Computerised tomography

DM

Digital mammography

DMT

Digital breast tomosynthesis

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

DALYs

Disability-adjusted life years

ECAC

European Code Against Cancer

ECDC

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

ECIBC

European Commission Initiative on Breast Cancer

ECIS

The European Cancer Information System

EDI

European Deprivation Index

EHIS

European Health Interview Survey

EMA

European Medicines Agency

EPAAC

European Partnership for Action Against Cancer

ERN

European Reference Networks

ESMO-MCBS

European Society for Medical Oncology – Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale

EU

European Union

EUCAIM

EUropean Federation for CAncer Images

EUPAP

European Physical Activity on Prescription (model)

EUR

Euro

EUROHELICAN

Accelerating gastric cancer reduction in Europe through Helicobacter pylori eradication

FoP

Front-of-pack (labelling)

FIT

Faecal immunochemical testing

GBP

Great British Pound

GDPR

General Data Protection Regulation

gFOBT

Guaiac-based faecal occult blood test

GP

General practitioner

HBSC

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

HCV

Hepatitis C virus

HLS19

Health Literacy Population Survey 2019-21

HPV

Human papillomavirus

HTA

Health Technology Assessment

HTAR

Regulation (EU) 2021/2 282 on health technology assessment

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

IHME

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

ILO

International Labour Organization

IQR

Inter-quartile range

JANE

EU Joint Action on Networks of Expertise

LGBT+

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

MDT

Multidisciplinary team

ML

Machine learning

M-POHL

WHO Action Network on Measuring Population and Organisational Health Literacy

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

MSM

Men who have sex with men

MUP

Minimum Unit Pricing

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OECI

Organisation of European Cancer Institutes

Oncology-SONCOS

Foundation of Co-operation in Oncology

OnkoZert

Voluntary certification programme of the German Cancer Society

PM

Particulate matter

PRAISE-U

PRostate cancer Awareness and Initiative for Screening in the European Union

PREMS

Patient Reported Experience Measures

PROMS

Patient Reported Outcome Measures

PRS

Polygenic risk scores

PSA

Prostate-specific antigen

RARECAREnet

Information Network on Rare Cancers

SIOPE

European Society for Paediatric Oncology

SOLACE

Strengthening the screening of Lung Cancer in Europe

TOGAS

Towards gastric cancer screening implementation in the European Union

SBIs

Screening and brief interventions

SSB

Sugar-sweetened beverage

TCS

Tobacco Control Scale

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund

USD

United States dollar

WCRFI

World Cancer Research Fund International

WHO

World Health Organization

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