The principal aim of the OECD Environmental Performance Review (EPR) programme is to help member and selected partner countries improve their individual and collective performance in environmental management by:

  • helping countries assess progress in achieving their environmental goals

  • promoting continuous policy dialogue and peer learning

  • stimulating greater accountability from governments towards each other and public opinion.

This is the third EPR of Chile. It examines the country’s environmental performance since 2016. Progress in achieving domestic objectives and international commitments provides the basis for assessing Chile’s environmental performance. Such objectives and commitments may be broad aims, qualitative goals or quantitative targets. A distinction is made between intentions, actions and results. Assessment of environmental performance is also placed within the context of Chile’s historical environmental record, present state of the environment, physical endowment in natural resources, economic conditions and demographic trends.

The OECD is grateful to Chile’s Ministry of Environment for providing information and comments, organising the review mission (27-30 June 2023) and virtual policy mission (10 November 2023), as well as for facilitating contacts inside and outside government institutions. Thanks are also due to all government ministries and agencies, as well as non-governmental organisations, that participated in the missions and provided information or comments.

The participation in the review of the representatives of the two examining countries, Francisco Aleza Enciso (Spain) and Sharon Sagi-Ben Moshe (Israel), is also gratefully acknowledged.

The authors of this report are Sho Yamasaki and Maria Adelaida Rojas Lleras (Chapter 1) and Kathleen Dominique (Chapter 2) of the OECD Environment Directorate. Kathleen Dominique co-ordinated the review. Nathalie Girouard provided oversight. Maria Adelaida Rojas Lleras provided statistical support. Lydia Servant provided administrative support. Mark Foss copy-edited the report. Natasha Cline-Thomas provided communications support. Preparation of this report also benefited from inputs and comments from Marta Arbinolo, Carla Bertuzzi, Helene Bombrun, Ivana Capozza, Joseph Cordonnier, Olivia Cuq, Assia Elgouacem, Guillaume Gruère, Marijn Korndewal, Britta Labuhn, Xavier Leflaive, Eugene Mazur, Sarah Miet, Mauro Migotto, Rodrigo Pizarro, Mariana Prats, Mikaela Rambali, Claudia Ramirez, Adolfo Rodriguez-Vargas, Oriana Romano, Andres Sanabria, Juan Vazquez Zamora, Julia Wanjiru, Pinhas Zamorano and Frédérique Zegel of the OECD Secretariat.

The OECD Working Party on Environmental Performance discussed the draft Environmental Performance Review of Chile at its meeting on 23 January 2024 and approved the Assessment and Recommendations.

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