1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2023 Country statistical profile: Korea 2023/1

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2023

Country statistical profile: Korea 2023
‌‌
Unit
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
35 324
 
37 902
 
39 575
 
40 957
 
43 044
 
43 410
 
44 698
 
46 889
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
35 495
 
38 021
 
39 720
 
41 124
 
43 218
 
43 785
 
45 089
 
47 411
 
Household disposable income per capita
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.2
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
3.2
 
2.9
 
2.2
 
-0.7
 
4.1
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
6.8
 
9.6
 
8.7
 
7.5
 
7.2
 
8.1
 
14.7
 
13.7
 
e 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
3.1
 
5.4
 
6.6
 
9.8
 
-2.2
 
-2.1
 
3.5
 
2.8
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
e 
Industry including energy
%
32.1
 
31.9
 
31.7
 
32.0
 
31.3
 
29.7
 
29.7
 
29.9
 
e 
Construction
%
5.0
 
5.3
 
5.7
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
e 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
14.2
 
14.4
 
14.3
 
13.9
 
13.7
 
13.9
 
12.8
 
13.1
 
e 
Information, communication
%
4.6
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
4.6
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
5.0
 
5.2
 
e 
Finance and insurance
%
5.9
 
5.8
 
5.6
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
6.3
 
6.6
 
e 
Real estate
%
8.1
 
8.0
 
8.1
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.3
 
7.8
 
e 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
9.1
 
9.3
 
9.2
 
9.2
 
9.5
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
10.2
 
e 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
15.9
 
15.8
 
15.9
 
16.1
 
16.5
 
17.3
 
17.7
 
17.5
 
e 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.7
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.5
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
e 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
1.2
 
1.2
 
2.2
 
2.7
 
3.0
 
1.0
 
-2.7
 
-0.8
 
e 
General government debt
% of GDP
50.7
 
52.5
 
51.6
 
49.4
 
50.4
 
52.7
 
58.9
 
59.6
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
31.6
 
31.6
 
32.5
 
33.0
 
34.2
 
34.8
 
35.4
 
37.2
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
30.4
 
30.4
 
30.3
 
30.3
 
31.1
 
33.9
 
38.1
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.8
 
3.9
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.5
 
5.0
 
5.2
 
5.7
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
9.2
 
9.6
 
9.9
 
10.1
 
10.9
 
12.3
 
14.4
 
14.9
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
2.6
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.7
 
3.0
 
3.3
 
3.6
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
2.5
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.3
 
3.6
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.5
 
..
 
3.9
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.14
 
0.15
 
0.14
 
0.16
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.13
 
0.14
 
0.16
 
0.14
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
23.4
 
23.7
 
24.7
 
25.4
 
26.7
 
27.2
 
27.7
 
29.9
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
3.8
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.5
 
4.9
 
4.8
 
5.2
 
6.1
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.4
 
3.6
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
3.4
 
3.8
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
7.0
 
6.7
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
21.2
 
21.4
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
22.4
 
22.9
 
23.4
 
23.6
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
42.8
 
36.1
 
33.5
 
36.2
 
37.3
 
36.5
 
32.7
 
38.5
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
47.8
 
43.0
 
40.1
 
40.9
 
41.7
 
39.3
 
36.4
 
42.0
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
48.5
 
91.4
 
89.7
 
95.6
 
70.9
 
40.8
 
46.3
 
31.0
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
525.8
 
437.2
 
407.0
 
479.8
 
535.8
 
503.3
 
467.8
 
614.7
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
574.3
 
528.6
 
496.8
 
575.4
 
606.8
 
544.1
 
514.0
 
645.6
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-3.3
 
-14.6
 
-17.3
 
-36.7
 
-29.4
 
-26.8
 
-14.7
 
-3.1
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
115.2
 
112.1
 
112.1
 
126.4
 
133.0
 
130.7
 
104.3
 
124.3
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
111.9
 
97.5
 
94.8
 
89.7
 
103.7
 
103.8
 
89.6
 
121.2
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
5.6
 
7.2
 
6.6
 
4.6
 
4.5
 
3.6
 
4.5
 
4.9
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
242 792
 
276 100
 
296 641
 
343 089
 
383 983
 
433 671
 
488 180
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
168 827
 
168 923
 
174 979
 
210 864
 
213 966
 
218 310
 
232 526
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
-917
 
3 076
 
7 415
 
12 699
 
13 299
 
12 548
 
6 837
 
16 820
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
19 994
 
18 490
 
30 508
 
51 044
 
45 232
 
50 984
 
36 879
 
60 820
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.3
 
0.7
 
1.0
 
1.9
 
1.5
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
2.5
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.7
 
2.4
 
1.9
 
1.5
 
1.2
 
0.7
 
0.4
 
1.4
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
0.3
 
1.6
 
2.3
 
3.4
 
2.8
 
0.0
 
4.4
 
5.9
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-0.4
 
-14.1
 
-9.4
 
3.4
 
2.3
 
-2.6
 
-4.8
 
7.6
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-2.1
 
-6.7
 
-3.5
 
4.8
 
2.2
 
-1.0
 
-2.6
 
10.4
 
Long-term interest rates
%
3.19
 
2.31
 
1.75
 
2.28
 
2.50
 
1.70
 
1.50
 
2.06
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
KRW per USD
871.88
 
857.48
 
858.81
 
872.62
 
854.87
 
856.43
 
837.61
 
853.85
 
Exchange rates
KRW per USD
1 052.84
 
1 130.95
 
1 160.77
 
1 131.00
 
1 100.16
 
1 165.36
 
1 180.27
 
1 143.95
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
86
 
86
 
86
 
89
 
89
 
87
 
84
 
86
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
268.4
 
272.6
 
282.3
 
282.2
 
282.0
 
280.1
 
276.1
 
290.1
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
3 934.8
 
4 024.0
 
4 299.3
 
4 718.7
 
5 485.8
 
6 616.1
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
101.24
 
53.32
 
41.00
 
53.47
 
71.56
 
65.42
 
45.23
 
70.24
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
78.2
 
77.1
 
75.3
 
74.7
 
72.4
 
71.7
 
71.6
 
73.6
 
Households with access to internet
%
98.5
 
98.8
 
99.2
 
99.5
 
99.5
 
99.7
 
99.7
 
99.9
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
25 100
 
26 701
 
26 377
 
23 419
 
22 697
 
23 880
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
1 049
 
1 050
 
899
 
919
 
1 000
 
903
 
925
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
38
 
37
 
41
 
21
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
1 567
 
1 676
 
1 859
 
2 335
 
2 279
 
e 
2 400
 
2 328
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
18 219
 
18 705
 
19 627
 
19 524
 
20 453
 
21 156
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
360
 
368
 
385
 
382
 
400
 
413
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
563
 
582
 
589
 
600
 
605
 
587
 
547
 
582
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
44
 
45
 
47
 
48
 
49
 
50
 
51
 
52
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
10 583
 
11 077
 
11 689
 
12 694
 
13 341
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
11 701
 
12 423
 
13 565
 
15 168
 
17 078
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
10 268
 
10 532
 
10 622
 
11 433
 
11 287
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
25.6
 
26.7
 
26.9
 
27.2
 
26.2
 
26.5
 
25.2
 
27.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
75.8
 
76.0
 
76.2
 
76.3
 
76.4
 
76.4
 
74.9
 
75.3
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
65.7
 
66.0
 
66.2
 
67.4
 
66.8
 
66.9
 
66.6
 
66.3
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
10.3
 
10.5
 
10.8
 
11.4
 
12.2
 
14.0
 
15.4
 
16.1
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
26.8
 
e 
25.9
 
e 
25.5
 
e 
25.4
 
e 
25.1
 
e 
24.6
 
e 
24.4
 
e 
23.9
 
e 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
28.4
 
e 
27.5
 
e 
27.5
 
e 
27.3
 
e 
27.0
 
e 
26.6
 
e 
26.5
 
e 
26.4
 
e 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
24.6
 
e 
23.6
 
e 
22.8
 
e 
22.8
 
e 
22.6
 
e 
22.1
 
e 
21.7
 
e 
20.6
 
e 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.7
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
3.5
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.6
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.5
 
3.7
 
3.6
 
4.0
 
3.8
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
0.2
 
0.4
 
0.9
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
0.9
 
0.6
 
1.2
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
-0.1
 
-4.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
2 076
 
2 083
 
2 068
 
2 018
 
1 993
 
1 967
 
1 908
 
1 915
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
76 695
 
76 922
 
79 365
 
88 136
 
95 438
 
99 971
 
103 135
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
13.3
 
13.6
 
13.7
 
14.3
 
15.2
 
15.9
 
16.6
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
50 747
 
51 015
 
51 218
 
51 362
 
51 585
 
51 765
 
51 836
 
51 745
 
Population growth rates
%
0.6
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.1
 
-0.2
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
1.0
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.2
 
13.8
 
13.4
 
13.1
 
12.8
 
12.5
 
12.2
 
11.9
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
12.4
 
12.8
 
13.2
 
13.8
 
14.3
 
14.9
 
15.7
 
16.6
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
81.8
 
82.1
 
82.4
 
82.7
 
82.7
 
83.3
 
83.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
78.6
 
79.0
 
79.3
 
79.7
 
79.7
 
80.3
 
80.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
85.0
 
85.2
 
85.4
 
85.7
 
85.7
 
86.3
 
86.5
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.0
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.7
 
2.5
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
30.8
 
33.4
 
34.5
 
33.7
 
34.3
 
33.7
 
37.8
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
27.6
 
26.8
 
25.5
 
23.8
 
25.5
 
25.4
 
24.1
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
134 214
 
141 861
 
143 673
 
148 603
 
151 408
 
147 219
 
142 098
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
436 376
 
446 415
 
460 790
 
471 818
 
479 461
 
488 338
 
388 274
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
9
 
9
 
8
 
8
 
7
 
6
 
6
 
6
 
Last updated: 27 January 2023; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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