1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2022 Country statistical profile: Italy 2022/1

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2022

Country statistical profile: Italy 2022
‌‌
Unit
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
36 268
 
36 476
 
37 206
 
40 267
 
41 951
 
43 428
 
44 376
 
41 995
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
36 205
 
36 479
 
36 949
 
40 383
 
42 185
 
43 907
 
44 717
 
42 425
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
-0.6
 
0.5
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
0.1
 
-2.2
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
-1.8
 
0.0
 
0.8
 
1.3
 
1.7
 
0.9
 
0.5
 
-9.0
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
3.3
 
3.7
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.4
 
10.2
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-6.4
 
-2.2
 
1.8
 
4.0
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
1.2
 
-9.1
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.4
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
Industry including energy
%
18.6
 
18.7
 
18.9
 
19.3
 
19.5
 
19.7
 
19.7
 
19.5
 
Construction
%
4.9
 
4.5
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
20.2
 
20.5
 
20.7
 
21.1
 
21.4
 
21.3
 
21.7
 
20.0
 
Information, communication
%
3.7
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
Finance and insurance
%
5.6
 
5.8
 
5.6
 
5.3
 
5.0
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
Real estate
%
13.6
 
13.6
 
13.8
 
13.6
 
13.5
 
13.4
 
13.5
 
14.1
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
9.5
 
9.5
 
9.6
 
9.6
 
9.7
 
10.0
 
9.8
 
9.4
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
17.4
 
17.3
 
17.0
 
16.8
 
16.6
 
16.6
 
16.4
 
17.5
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
4.2
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
4.0
 
3.7
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.9
 
-3.0
 
-2.6
 
-2.4
 
-2.4
 
-2.2
 
-1.5
 
-9.6
 
General government debt
% of GDP
143.2
 
155.6
 
156.9
 
154.6
 
152.0
 
146.8
 
154.1
 
183.5
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
48.1
 
47.9
 
47.8
 
46.7
 
46.3
 
46.2
 
46.9
 
47.4
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
51.0
 
50.9
 
50.3
 
49.1
 
48.8
 
48.4
 
48.5
 
57.0
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.6
 
6.7
 
6.6
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
6.4
 
6.4
 
7.4
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
27.9
 
28.2
 
28.3
 
27.9
 
27.6
 
27.8
 
28.2
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
16.2
 
16.2
 
16.2
 
15.8
 
15.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.25
 
0.22
 
0.22
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.17
 
0.19
 
0.22
 
0.27
 
0.30
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
43.8
 
43.3
 
43.0
 
42.2
 
41.9
 
41.7
 
42.4
 
42.9
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
11.5
 
11.2
 
11.2
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
11.0
 
11.5
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
2.6
 
2.2
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.6
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
12.1
 
12.1
 
12.0
 
12.0
 
11.5
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
47.8
 
47.8
 
47.8
 
47.8
 
47.7
 
47.7
 
48.0
 
46.0
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
26.2
 
26.2
 
26.7
 
26.0
 
27.9
 
28.9
 
28.3
 
25.9
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
28.6
 
29.1
 
29.7
 
29.3
 
30.7
 
31.4
 
31.6
 
29.5
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
38.9
 
55.9
 
46.5
 
52.3
 
53.6
 
46.0
 
62.8
 
71.2
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
481.4
 
474.4
 
409.6
 
408.2
 
455.3
 
505.1
 
476.7
 
426.4
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
520.4
 
530.2
 
456.0
 
460.5
 
509.2
 
551.3
 
539.5
 
498.5
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
0.9
 
-3.0
 
-4.7
 
-4.5
 
-4.3
 
-3.4
 
-0.5
 
-8.3
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
111.3
 
117.3
 
103.1
 
105.3
 
116.2
 
126.8
 
122.9
 
93.7
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
112.3
 
114.3
 
98.3
 
100.8
 
112.0
 
123.4
 
122.4
 
85.4
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
1.1
 
1.9
 
1.4
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.5
 
3.2
 
3.7
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
533 906
 
477 456
 
456 619
 
456 380
 
547 578
 
554 360
 
558 578
 
586 800
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
364 965
 
352 482
 
340 477
 
352 626
 
424 743
 
434 624
 
443 532
 
469 294
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
24 267
 
23 224
 
19 631
 
28 441
 
23 996
 
37 659
 
18 145
 
-23 568
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
25 130
 
26 327
 
21 640
 
16 165
 
24 478
 
31 523
 
19 786
 
-1 852
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.2
 
0.2
 
0.0
 
-0.1
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
0.6
 
-0.1
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.1
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.5
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.5
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.4
 
0.1
 
1.1
 
0.2
 
1.9
 
1.2
 
0.8
 
1.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-0.4
 
-3.0
 
-7.0
 
-5.4
 
4.5
 
5.6
 
0.5
 
-8.2
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
0.0
 
-0.7
 
-1.7
 
-1.5
 
2.7
 
1.9
 
0.2
 
-1.5
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.32
 
2.89
 
1.71
 
1.49
 
2.11
 
2.61
 
1.95
 
1.17
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.74
 
0.74
 
0.74
 
0.70
 
0.69
 
0.68
 
0.68
 
0.66
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
0.89
 
0.88
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
100
 
102
 
93
 
90
 
90
 
92
 
88
 
89
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
155.4
 
146.8
 
152.6
 
151.0
 
153.5
 
150.6
 
149.0
 
138.0
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.06
 
0.07
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
26 370.7
 
26 512.2
 
26 268.7
 
26 017.9
 
26 170.7
 
26 685.6
 
26 916.6
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
109.98
 
99.09
 
52.06
 
42.33
 
53.17
 
70.88
 
64.70
 
43.24
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
71.1
 
..
 
72.5
 
..
 
72.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
68.9
 
72.6
 
75.4
 
78.5
 
81.0
 
84.3
 
85.2
 
88.1
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
172
 
175
 
189
 
188
 
185
 
192
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
3
 
4
 
7
 
5
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
141
 
149
 
149
 
e 
157
 
e 
157
 
e 
143
 
144
 
e 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
29 573
 
29 652
 
29 524
 
30 112
 
29 572
 
30 165
 
30 079
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
492
 
491
 
487
 
496
 
487
 
498
 
497
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
338
 
319
 
330
 
326
 
321
 
317
 
309
 
280
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
16
 
17
 
18
 
18
 
19
 
19
 
20
 
20
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
8 083
 
8 144
 
8 471
 
8 143
 
9 115
 
9 947
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
8 936
 
8 789
 
9 128
 
9 367
 
10 523
 
11 962
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
11 303
 
11 439
 
11 318
 
11 809
 
12 167
 
12 305
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
11.0
 
11.2
 
11.4
 
9.4
 
10.2
 
11.0
 
10.9
 
10.9
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
33.7
 
35.0
 
33.9
 
32.2
 
30.1
 
28.4
 
28.5
 
27.1
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
16.3
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
16.5
 
17.1
 
17.6
 
18.4
 
16.6
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
67.9
 
67.4
 
68.0
 
68.8
 
69.4
 
69.9
 
70.5
 
68.9
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
42.2
 
45.9
 
47.9
 
49.9
 
51.9
 
53.4
 
54.0
 
53.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
18.5
 
18.8
 
18.7
 
18.6
 
18.5
 
18.0
 
18.0
 
17.9
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
24.8
 
24.7
 
24.4
 
23.9
 
23.2
 
22.9
 
22.7
 
22.5
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
29.5
 
29.2
 
28.7
 
28.1
 
27.7
 
27.3
 
26.9
 
26.7
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
18.3
 
18.5
 
18.3
 
18.1
 
17.0
 
16.9
 
17.1
 
16.7
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
12.4
 
12.8
 
12.0
 
11.8
 
11.3
 
10.6
 
9.9
 
9.3
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
11.7
 
12.1
 
11.5
 
11.0
 
10.4
 
9.8
 
9.1
 
8.6
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
13.2
 
13.8
 
12.7
 
12.8
 
12.4
 
11.8
 
11.1
 
10.3
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
56.9
 
61.4
 
58.9
 
58.3
 
58.8
 
59.0
 
57.0
 
52.4
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.6
 
0.2
 
0.8
 
-0.4
 
0.3
 
1.6
 
1.8
 
3.5
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 719
 
1 716
 
1 718
 
1 722
 
1 719
 
1 719
 
1 715
 
1 559
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
28 932
 
29 761
 
29 995
 
31 017
 
31 620
 
33 119
 
34 254
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
4.8
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
5.4
 
5.6
 
6.0
 
6.3
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
60 312
 
60 321
 
60 230
 
60 115
 
60 002
 
59 877
 
59 729
 
59 450
 
Population growth rates
%
0.2
 
0.0
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.5
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.0
 
13.9
 
13.7
 
13.6
 
13.4
 
13.3
 
13.1
 
12.9
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
21.3
 
21.7
 
22.0
 
22.3
 
22.5
 
22.8
 
23.1
 
23.4
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
9.5
 
9.5
 
9.6
 
9.7
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
10.4
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
7.3
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.5
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
11.1
 
11.6
 
11.1
 
10.8
 
10.3
 
9.7
 
9.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
15.9
 
15.6
 
14.5
 
13.2
 
12.6
 
11.9
 
11.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
12.4
 
13.3
 
12.0
 
12.2
 
11.9
 
11.2
 
10.5
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
17.5
 
17.4
 
17.0
 
16.9
 
16.1
 
15.8
 
15.6
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
82.8
 
83.2
 
82.6
 
83.3
 
83.0
 
83.4
 
83.6
 
82.4
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
80.3
 
80.7
 
80.3
 
81.0
 
80.8
 
81.2
 
81.4
 
80.1
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
85.2
 
85.6
 
84.9
 
85.6
 
85.2
 
85.6
 
85.7
 
84.7
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
2.4
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
6.3
 
6.0
 
5.7
 
5.5
 
5.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
156 391
 
147 589
 
146 876
 
145 394
 
152 277
 
157 388
 
169 394
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
770 877
 
795 683
 
831 065
 
859 033
 
900 829
 
880 987
 
891 949
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
56
 
56
 
56
 
54
 
56
 
55
 
53
 
40
 
Last updated: 18 March 2022; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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