Education Policy Outlook 2021

Shaping Responsive and Resilient Education in a Changing World

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Education systems operate in a world that is constantly evolving towards new equilibria, yet short-term crises may disrupt, accelerate or divert longer-term evolutions. This Framework for Responsiveness and Resilience in Education Policy aims to support policy makers to balance the urgent challenge of building eco-systems that adapt in the face of disruption and change (resilience), and the important challenge of navigating the ongoing evolution from industrial to post-industrial societies and economies (responsiveness). Building on international evidence and analysis from over 40 education systems, this framework endeavours to establish tangible, transferable and actionable definitions of resilience. These definitions, which are the goals of the framework (Why?), are underpinned by policy components of responsiveness (What?), which define priority areas for education policy makers. Policy pointers for resilience (How?) then illustrate how policy makers can apply these components in ways that promote resilience at the learner, broader learning environment and system levels of the policy ecosystem. Finally, a transversal component looks into the people and the processes undertaken in order to reach a given purpose (Who?). The report has been prepared with evidence from the Education Policy Outlook series – the OECD’s analytical observatory of education policy.



Austria’s Autonomy of Schools Package aims to strengthen schools’ and school leaders’ decision-making capacity while ensuring quality across the system and strengthening collaboration between schools. Measures give schools greater autonomy over the organisation of school time and learning groups so that these can be better adapted to student needs and the local context. The development of evidence-informed monitoring and quality assurance mechanisms has been a key pillar of the reform. The Federal Ministry of Education, Research, and Science has developed indicators on school quality such as learning outcomes, retention rates, school environment and educational pathways. The Quality of Schools Framework, launched in 2021, has also been important in this regard. Federal states can also bring together clusters of 2–8 schools to promote collaboration, the sharing of resources, and to support the smooth transition of students between schools. As of late 2021, pilot clusters existed in two Austrian provinces.



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