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In the MENA region, women make up more than half of the eligible workforce. They are increasingly better educated and aspire to play a more active role in the economy. However, women’s labour force and entrepreneurial participation rates remain among...
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The report is intended to contribute to the implementation of policies in a post-conflict Libya to promote private sector development.
This chapter examines the framework conditions for private sector and SME development in Libya. It looks at the lack of economic diversification, macroeconomic conditions, infrastructure, labour market, financial market, the innovation system, the...
This chapter provides recommendations to support SMEs and entrepreneurship in post-conflict Libya, building on the analysis of the previous chapters. There are many areas that require improvement, but policy makers should prioritise and adopt a...
This study is part of the project “SME Development Strategy for Libya”, supported by the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Transition Fund of the Deauville Partnership and executed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development...
This chapter examines SME and entrepreneurship policies in Libya, including the institutional framework and programmes. It analyses co-ordination mechanisms, business support services and financing and initiatives. While the government has initiated...
This chapter analyses the political context in Libya, briefly looking at the ongoing conflict and underlying dynamics. It discusses how conflict and fragility hampers private sector development, and vice versa, how supporting SMEs, entrepreneurship...
This chapter aims to analyse the private sector, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurship in Libya based on available data, but the current situation is likely to have significantly worsened due to the unrest since 2014. The chapter...
Libya’s private sector faces many constraints, hampering both its development and growth potential. The recent conflict has made the situation dire. This report analyses the structural economic and framework conditions affecting private sector...
This chapter is an SME policy review of Libya conducted in collaboration with local partners. Libya Enterprise, the national SME programme under the Ministry of Economy, provided the OECD with substantial information on the following principles:...
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