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Government at a Glance 2019

image of Government at a Glance 2019

Government at a Glance provides reliable, internationally comparative data on government activities and their results in OECD countries. Where possible, it also reports data for Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa. In many public governance areas, it is the only available source of data. It includes input, process, output and outcome indicators as well as contextual information for each country.

The 2019 edition includes input indicators on public finance and employment; while processes include data on institutions, budgeting practices and procedures, human resources management, regulatory government, public procurement and digital government and open data. Outcomes cover core government results (e.g. trust, inequality reduction) and indicators on access, responsiveness, quality and citizen satisfaction for the education, health and justice sectors. Governance indicators are especially useful for monitoring and benchmarking governments’ progress in their public sector reforms.

Each indicator in the publication is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of graphs and/or charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological section on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.

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General government net saving

Net saving refers to the difference between current revenues and current expenditures or the fiscal balance without taking into account capital expenditures. Net saving does not consider investment expenditures or capital transfers, instance e.g. to publicly owned enterprises or financial institutions. Net saving is typically associated with the “golden rule” of public finance, which advocates that, in the course of an economic cycle, the current revenues should cover current expenditures. This also implies that debt issuance should only be for growth-promoting investment leading to a sustainable fiscal stance.

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