OECD Employment Outlook 2023

Artificial Intelligence and the Labour Market

image of OECD Employment Outlook 2023

The 2023 edition of the OECD Employment Outlook examines the latest labour market developments in OECD countries. It focuses, in particular, on the evolution of labour demand and widespread shortages, as well as on wage developments in times of high inflation and related policies. It also takes stock of the current evidence on the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on the labour market. Progress in AI has been such that, in many areas, its outputs have become almost indistinguishable from that of humans, and the landscape continues to change quickly, as recent developments in large language models have shown. This, combined with the falling costs of developing and adopting AI systems, suggests that OECD countries may be on the verge of a technological revolution that could fundamentally change the workplace. While there are many potential benefits from AI, there are also significant risks that need to be urgently addressed, despite the uncertainty about the short- to medium-term evolution of AI. This edition investigates how to get the balance right in addressing the possible negative effects of AI on labour market outcomes while not stifling its benefits.

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Perspectivas de empleo de la OCDE 2023 : La inteligencia artificial y el mercado laboral (Resumen ejecutivo)

La sólida recuperación tras la recesión de COVID-19 ha perdido impulso a partir de 2022, mientras que la guerra de agresión de Rusia contra Ucrania contribuía a una inflación no vista en décadas en muchos países, afianzando una crisis del coste de vida. Sin embargo, el empleo se ha mantenido, mientras que las tasas de desempleo han alcanzado sus niveles más bajos en décadas. Con pocas excepciones, las tasas de inactividad están por debajo de los niveles previos a la pandemia, incluso entre los adultos mayores. Los mercados laborales siguen tensos en la mayoría de los países, aunque hay algunas señales de relajamiento, ya que el número de vacantes por desempleado ha disminuido ligeramente desde niveles máximos históricos.

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