OECD Digital Economy Papers

The Internet in Transition: The State of the Transition to IPv6 in Today's Internet and Measures to Support the Continued Use of IPv4
ISSN :
2071-6826 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/20716826
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The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) undertakes a wide range of activities to better understand how information and communication technologies (ICTs) contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well-being. The OECD Digital Economy Papers series covers a broad range of ICT-related issues and makes selected studies available to a wider readership. They include policy reports, which are officially declassified by an OECD Committee, and occasional working papers, which are meant to share early knowledge.
 
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Page: 1 (N° 234) , 2 (N° 184) , 3 (N° 133) … 5 (N° 33) | Next
Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 234   03 Apr 2014 Click to Access:  The Internet in Transition: The State of the Transition to IPv6 in Today's Internet and Measures to Support the Continued Use of IPv4
OECD
This report considers the transition from IPv4 to IPv6 alongside the use of network technologies to prolong IPv4 use in the face of depletion of further IPv4 protocol addresses, but it does not aim to address all issues surrounding the transition to IPv6 or to detail the economic incentives...
  N° 233   17 Mar 2014 Click to Access:  Unleashing the Power of Big Data for Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia Research
OECD
More than 35 million people worldwide had dementia in 2010, when annual costs were estimated at USD 604 billion; the number of people with dementia is expected to exceed 115 million by 2050. Alzheimer’s disease is today considered the prototype problem for the Grand Global Challenge in...
  N° 232   18 Feb 2014 Click to Access:  International Cables, Gateways, Backhaul and International Exchange Points
OECD
This report focuses on the development of backhaul and cross-border networks, which enable local networks to connect to the wider Internet. These local networks may cover a city, a region or even a country. To connect their networks to other networks around the world, operators need access to...
  N° 231   04 Feb 2014 Click to Access:  Connected Televisions
OECD
Connected televisions are defined for the purposes of this report as devices that have the capability to interact with the Internet to display audio-visual content. Connected television is an important development because it permits the provision of certain new and valuable services to...
  N° 230   16 Dec 2013 Click to Access:  The App Economy
OECD
Mobile applications, also known as "apps", are a highly innovative and are an expanding sector of the economy, so policy makers are keen to maximise their innovative potential. Mobile platform markets are fiercely competitive, as highlighted by the recent rise and decline of platforms such as...
  N° 229   11 Oct 2013 Click to Access:  Privacy Expert Group Report on the Review of the 1980 OECD Privacy Guidelines
OECD
The work of the expert group played an essential role in a process which concluded in July 2013 with the adoption by the OECD Council of the first revisions to the OECD Privacy Guidelines since their original release in 1980. This document identifies a number of issues that were raised but not...
  N° 228   26 July 2013 Click to Access:  Electronic and Mobile Commerce
OECD
Commerce is a fundamental mechanism supporting economic activity. Technological improvements that facilitate commerce can reduce transaction costs, provide more information to participants, boost access to a wider array of products, lead to efficiency gains, as well as result in welfare...
  N° 227   31 July 2013 Click to Access:  Ensuring the Global Participation in the Internet Economy for Development
OECD
The OECD Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy (ICCP) has reviewed progress made in the implementation of the 2008 Seoul Declaration for the Future of the Internet Economy as part of its 2011-12 programme of work. The review points policy makers to new issue areas that...
  N° 226   12 July 2013 Click to Access:  Measuring the Internet Economy
OECD
The Internet began as a communication tool but has transformed into a universal technology supporting virtually all sectors across the economy, much in the same way as electricity and water networks. Given the importance of the Internet, there is a high level of interest in being able to...
  N° 225   08 July 2013 Click to Access:  Review of the Seoul Declaration for the Future of the Internet Economy
OECD
This paper provides a synthesis of the review of the recommendations set out in the Seoul Declaration of 2008, and their implementation at the national and international levels. It focuses on seven main themes: access to the Internet via a high-speed infrastructure; review of the areas of...
  N° 224   02 July 2013 Click to Access:  Mobile Handset Acquisition Models
OECD
This report examines the relationship between the prices for mobile communication services and some of the most popular handsets used to access these services, focusing on smartphones. The objective is to better understand different business models and how they may affect comparisons of prices....
  N° 223   03 June 2013 Click to Access:  International Mobile Roaming Agreements
OECD
This report explores principles that could form the basis for good practices in the establishment of international mobile roaming (IMR) agreements between two or more countries. Given the cross country nature of IMR services and, especially, the fact that wholesale prices are determined by...
  N° 222   18 June 2013 Click to Access:  Exploring Data-Driven Innovation as a New Source of Growth
OECD
This report explores the potential role of data and data analytics for the creation of significant competitive advantage and for the formation of knowledge-based capital. Five sectors are discussed in this report as areas in which the use of data can stimulate innovation and productivity...
  N° 221   17 Apr 2013 Click to Access:  OECD Consumer Policy Toolkit Workshop on Communication Services
OECD
In 2010, the OECD published its Consumer Policy Toolkit, which provides insights into ways that government agencies responsible for safeguarding consumer interests could improve their policy approaches to ensure that any interventions they make are well-justified, timely and effective. To...
  N° 220   02 Apr 2013 Click to Access:  Exploring the Economics of Personal Data
OECD
This report takes an initial look at methodologies to measure and estimate the monetary value of personal data. Personal data is creating economic and social value at an increasing pace, but measuring and estimating the value being generated is difficult. This is because not only a huge amount...
  N° 219   19 Mar 2013 Click to Access:  Protecting and Empowering Consumers in the Purchase of Digital Content Products
OECD
The spread of broadband, mobile devices and online and mobile payments usage are driving the expansion in digital content products. These can be downloaded, streamed or accessed through Internet Protocol (IP) TV on a range of channels including online retail platforms and social media. While...
  N° 218   04 Mar 2013 Click to Access:  Broadband Networks and Open Access
OECD
This report examines "open access" policies and approaches in various contexts, including fixed and mobile access networks, backhaul and backbone networks, undersea cables and Internet exchange points (IXPs). It finds that open access arrangements share some common elements: they refer to...
  N° 217   18 Feb 2013 Click to Access:  The Relationship between Local Content, Internet Development and Access Prices
OECD/ISOC/UNESCO
This research study is the result of a collaboration between the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Internet Society (ISOC) and UNESCO. The study was initially presented at the sixth annual meeting of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) on 27 September 2011 in...
  N° 216   05 Feb 2013 Click to Access:  Empowering and Protecting Consumers in the Internet Economy
OECD
This report is part of a series of papers in the follow-up work to the 2008 Seoul Ministerial Declaration for the Future of the Internet Economy. It shows that over the past five years, despite the financial crisis, business-to-consumer e-commerce has grown steadily across the OECD and beyond,...
  N° 215   17 Jan 2013 Click to Access:  Building Blocks for Smart Networks
OECD
This report examines the development of smart networks and services with particular attention to the implications for communication policy and regulation. The word "smart" has become a term that is frequently affixed to an area where the introduction of networked information and communication...
  N° 214   20 Dec 2012 Click to Access:  Improving the Evidence Base for Information Security and Privacy Policies
OECD
This report provides an overview of existing data and statistics in the fields of information security, privacy and the protection of children online. It highlights the potential for the development of better indicators in these respective fields showing in particular that there is an...
  N° 213   18 Dec 2012 Click to Access:  The Development and Diffusion of Digital Content
OECD
Viewers are watching a growing share of video via Internet-based distribution systems. New digital content distribution services are having appreciable impacts on established media industries and network service providers in many OECD countries. The competitive landscape in media, already...
  N° 212   16 Nov 2012 Click to Access:  Non-governmental Perspectives on a New Generation of National Cybersecurity Strategies
OECD
This document brings together views from business, civil society and the Internet technical community on the emergence of a new generation of national cybersecurity strategies. This input was used in developing the report on "Cybersecurity Policy Making at a Turning Point: Analysing a New...
  N° 211   16 Nov 2012 Click to Access:  Cybersecurity Policy Making at a Turning Point
OECD
This report analyses the latest generation of "national cybersecurity strategies" in ten OECD countries and identifies commonalities and differences. The analysis reveals that cybersecurity policy making has become a national policy priority and relies on holistic strategies supported by...
  N° 210   16 Nov 2012 Click to Access:  Terms of Reference for the Review of the OECD Guidelines for the Security of Information Systems and Networks
OECD
These Terms of Reference set the context, objectives, scope and modalities for the second review of the 2002 Guidelines for the Security of Information Systems and Networks: Towards a Culture of Security.
  N° 209   16 Nov 2012 Click to Access:  The Role of the 2002 Security Guidelines: Towards Cybersecurity for an Open and Interconnected Economy
OECD
This paper provides an overview of the history of the OECD Guidelines for the Security of Information Systems and Networks: Towards a Culture of Security ("Security Guidelines") since the adoption of their first version in 1992. It explains that the 2002 revision of the Guidelines introduced a...
  N° 208   29 Oct 2012 Click to Access:  E-books: Developments and Policy Considerations
OECD
Books have undergone a massive transformation from a physical object to something entirely different: the electronic book, or "e-book". This report provides background on e-book markets and examines various policy issues related to e-books. These include differing tax rates in countries...
  N° 207   29 Jan 2013 Click to Access:  Internet Traffic Exchange
Dennis Weller, Bill Woodcock
This report finds that the Internet has developed an efficient market for connectivity based on voluntary contractual agreements. Operating in a highly competitive environment, largely without regulation or central organisation, the Internet model of traffic exchange has produced low prices,...
  N° 206   08 Oct 2012 Click to Access:  Fixed and Mobile Networks
OECD
This report examines the convergence of fixed and mobile (wireless) networks and services. It considers these developments against a long standing question of whether they are complementary or competitive. The report concludes that they are both. Mobile providers have garnered a very large...
  N° 205   04 Sep 2012 Click to Access:  Methodology for Constructing Wireless Broadband Price Baskets
OECD
The OECD has adopted a new basket methodology for benchmarking wireless broadband prices. It adds to the existing baskets for voice, leased lines and fixed broadband services and reflects the increasing importance of wireless broadband for laptops, tablets and smartphones.
  N° 204   17 Aug 2012 Click to Access:  Report on Consumer Protection in Online and Mobile Payments
OECD
An examination of payments issues is taking place in the context of the review of the OECD’s 1999 guidelines on e-commerce. This report looks at what might need to be amplified or revised to enhance consumer trust and adoption of new and emerging online and mobile payment mechanisms. It...
  N° 203   27 July 2012 Click to Access:  Universal Service Policies in the Context of National Broadband Plans
Angela Garcia Calvo
This report discusses the main areas in which national strategies to expand broadband networks affect universal service objectives, proposes criteria to rethink the terms of universal service policies, and shares the latest developments across a selected group of OECD countries.
  N° 202   30 Mar 2012 Click to Access:  Review of the 2006 OECD Recommendation on Cross-Border Co-operation in the Enforcement of Laws Against SPAM
OECD
In 2006 the OECD Council adopted a recommendation setting forth a framework for cross-border co-operation in the enforcement of laws against spam. This report provides information on the progress in implementation measures, mainly based on a questionnaire of OECD member’s experiences.
  N° 201   14 Mar 2012 Click to Access:  Laying the Foundation for the Internet Economy
OECD
Since the Seoul Declaration, access to broadband networks and the Internet have constantly increased. In terms of fixed broadband, penetration levels are close to maturity. In addition, further deployments of fibre networks have taken place; however, overall deployment of fibre is still at an...
  N° 200   05 June 2012 Click to Access:  The Impact of Internet in OECD Countries
OECD
This paper informs policymakers about ways the Internet impacts the economies, and about the levels and areas of impact. It is designed to structure and to assess the economic impacts areas of the Internet at the individual- firm-, and government-levels, as well as at the aggregate,...
  N° 199   07 May 2012 Click to Access:  Proactive Policy Measures by Internet Service Providers against Botnets
OECD
Botnets are networks of compromised computers that are remotely controlled by malicious agents. They represent a threat to security and trust in online environments. Internet Service Providers (ISPs), by virtue of their ownership of the physical networks and consumer-facing position, are well...
  N° 198   19 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  ICT Skills and Employment
OECD
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the Internet are increasingly viewed as a vital infrastructure for all sectors of the economy. Already, employment in the ICT industry and employment of ICT specialist skills each accounts for up to 5% of total employment in OECD countries...
  N° 197   19 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  Measuring the Broadband Bonus in Thirty OECD Countries
Shane Greenstein, Ryan McDevitt
This paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus. The study finds that the economic value created in 30 OECD countries correlates roughly with the overall size of their broadband economies. In...
  N° 196   17 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  Measuring the Impact of Innovations in Public IT Infrastructure on the Standard of Living in OECD Economies
Russel J. Cooper
Advances in information technology (IT) in the first decade of the 21st century have highlighted the role of IT as an enabling technology throughout an economy. But although the influence of IT in transforming the way in which business and consumer transactions are done is clear to all...
  N° 195   13 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  Information and Communication Technologies and Productivity Growth
Tobias Kretschmer
This paper presents a review of existing studies on dynamic, macroeconomic effects of the ICT on productivity and growth.
  N° 194   13 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  Measuring the Internet
William Lehr
This working paper reviews a number of the challenges and opportunities confronting analysts interested in measuring the Internet and its economic and social impacts. It identifies several additional challenges to the measurement issue, in addition to all of the normal problems one expects when...
  N° 193   28 Feb 2012 Click to Access:  Developments in Mobile Termination
OECD
Wholesale interconnection rates for mobile telephony service in the OECD area have decreased by 53% from 2006 to 2011. The charges, or mobile termination rates (MTRs), represent the fees that telecommunication network operators (fixed, mobile and VoIP) pay for delivering telephone calls to...
  N° 192   30 Jan 2012 Click to Access:  Machine-to-Machine Communications
OECD
This document examines the future of machine-to-machine communication (M2M), with a particular focus on mobile wireless networks. M2M devices are defined, in this paper, as those that are actively communicating using wired and wireless networks, are not computers in the traditional sense and...
  N° 191   27 Jan 2012 Click to Access:  Estimation of Loss in Consumer Surplus Resulting from Excessive Pricing of Telecommunication Services in Mexico
Marta Stryszowska
The present study evaluates the loss in consumer surplus caused by the low degree of competition in the Mexican telecommunication sector which results in relatively high prices, and also leads to lower levels of consumption across the range of telecommunication services. Econometric techniques...
  N° 190   10 Jan 2012 Click to Access:  ICT Applications for the Smart Grid
OECD
The smart grid is revolutionizing electricity production and consumption. However, strategic use of ICTs and the Internet in energy innovation requires clarifying the roles of partners coming from distinct industries. And it begs for greater coordination of government departments and...
  N° 189   20 Dec 2011 Click to Access:  Digital Divide: From Computer Access to Online Activities – A Micro Data Analysis
Pierre Montagnier, Albrecht Wirthmann
This study addresses issues of digital divide among households and individuals by using micro-data analysis of ICT usage patterns. The analysis includes data from 18 European countries, Korea and Canada. Inequalities in computer and Internet use are analysed in a two-step approach. First, the...
  N° 188   08 Dec 2011 Click to Access:  Measuring Digital Local Content
Chris Bruegge
This paper discusses the ways to quantify the local content that can be delivered through the internet. Several indicators are proposed; for each indicator the paper discusses available data, presents strengths of a given measure and outlines its potential drawbacks.
  N° 187   08 Dec 2011 Click to Access:  Regulation of Transborder Data Flows under Data Protection and Privacy Law
Christopher Kuner
Transborder data flows have become increasingly important in economic, political, and social terms over the 30 years since the adoption, in 1980, of the OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data. A fundamental change in the business and technological...
  N° 186   23 Nov 2011 Click to Access:  Digital Identity Management for Natural Persons
OECD
This report explains why digital identity management is fundamental for the further development of the Internet economy. It also provides guidance for digital identity strategies that support innovation across the public and private sectors while enhancing security, privacy and trust online.
  N° 185   31 Oct 2011 Click to Access:  Terms of Reference for the Review of the OECD Guidelines Governing the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Data Flows of Personal Data
OECD
These terms of reference articulate a shared view among OECD members about key aspects of the current context for privacy protection and provide orientation for further work on the review of the OECD Privacy Guidelines in light of changing technologies, markets and user behaviour and the...
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