OECD Employment Outlook 2016
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OECD Employment Outlook 2016

This 2016 edition of the OECD Employment Outlook provides an in-depth review of recent labour market trends and short-term prospects in OECD countries. Chapter 1 examines recent labour market developments, with a special focus on vulnerable youth who are neither working nor in education or training. The size of this group has grown in recent years in many OECD countries and governments will need to take vigorous policy measures if they are to meet the target, recently adopted by G20 governments, of reducing the share of youth who are vulnerable by 15% by 2025. Chapter 2 considers skills use at work: are countries doing enough to assure that workers are able to make full use of their skills on the job? Chapter 3 looks at the short-term effects of structural reforms on employment and identifies successful strategies for reducing transition costs. Chapter 4 looks at how to close the labour market gender gap in emerging economies, proposing a comprehensive policy response to the problem. The Outlook’s analysis and recommendations are complemented by a statistical annex.

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Chapter
 

Closing gender gaps in the labour markets of emerging economies

The unfinished job You do not have access to this content

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Despite unprecedented progress over the past century, gender gaps in the labour market persist throughout the world and are especially marked in emerging economies. While the quantity of jobs held by women has increased, the quality has not: female workers continue to have worse jobs than men. This chapter paints an up-to-date picture of gender gaps in the labour markets of 16 emerging economies accounting for over half of the world’s population. It focuses on recent trends in a broad range of labour market outcomes and it offers a discussion of their key drivers. The analysis unpacks and explains the gender pay gap that persists across the world. The chapter is grounded in original empirical work based on several data sources, including the World Values Survey, PISA, the Gallup World Poll, national labour force surveys and time-use data. Building on this wealth of evidence, the chapter identifies a comprehensive set of policy levers to close gender gaps.

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