OECD Reviews on Local Job Creation

English
ISSN: 
2311-2336 (online)
ISSN: 
2311-2328 (print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/23112336
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With the rising economic importance of human resources and skills, employment and training agencies are now often expected to play a more important role in local strategies to support new job creation, facilitate restructuring and increase productivity. The OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme has developed a series of Reviews on Local Job Creation to examine the contribution of local labour market policy to boosting quality employment and enhancing productivity.

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Employment and Skills Strategies in the United States

Employment and Skills Strategies in the United States You do not have access to this content

English
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Author(s):
OECD
18 Sep 2014
Pages:
100
ISBN:
9789264209398 (PDF) ;9789264209381(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264209398-en

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How to stimulate growth and support job creation are two critical challenges that countries confront following the global financial crisis. The Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme of the OECD has developed international cross-comparative reviews on local job creation policies to examine the contribution of local labour market policy to boosting quality employment. Each country review examines the capacity of employment services and training providers to contribute to a long-term strategy which strengthens the resiliency of the local economy, increases skills levels and job quality. This report looks at the range of institutions and bodies involved in workforce and skills development in two states – California and Michigan. In-depth fieldwork focused on two local Workforce Investment Boards in each state: the Sacramento Employment and Training Agency (SETA); the Northern Rural and Training and Employment Consortium (NoRTEC); the Southeast Michigan Community Alliance (SEMCA); and the Great Lakes Bay Michigan Works. The report concludes with a number of recommendations and actions to promote job creation at the federal, state and local levels.

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  • Preface and Acknowledgements

    Across the OECD, policy-makers are grappling with a critical question: how to create jobs? The recent financial crisis and economic downturn has had serious consequences across most OECD countries, with rising unemployment rates and jobs being lost across many sectors. Indeed, for some countries, the effects the downturn brought with it are continuing, if not amplifying. Shrinking public budgets in some countries also mean that policy makers must now do more with less. In this context, it is necessary to think laterally about how actions in one area, such as employment and training, can have simultaneous benefits in others, such as creating new jobs and better supporting labour market inclusion.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    The recent economic crisis had a significant impact on the United States and the jobs lost during this period have still not been recovered. Furthermore, growth remains fragile and there is the potential that skills mismatches could lead to missed opportunities and inefficient labour markets at both the federal and local level. The OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) has developed an international comparative project, which examines the capacity of local employment services and training providers to contribute to a long-term strategy which strengthens the resiliency of the local economy, increases skills levels and job quality.

  • Reader's guide

    The Local Job Creation project involves a series of country reviews in Australia, Belgium (Flanders), Canada (Ontario and Quebec), Czech Republic, France, Ireland, Israel, Italy (Autonomous Province of Trento), Korea, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States (California and Michigan). The key stages of each review are summarised in .

  • Policy context for employment and skills in the United States

    Economic growth remains fragile in the US and policy makers will be challenged to find ways of stimulating job creation and productivity, while also being sensitive to potential skills mismatches that can build up at the local level. This chapter provides an overview of the United States employment and skills system, including an overview of the main organisations and bodies operating at the federal, state, and local level.

  • Overview of the United States case study areas

    To better understand the role of the local level in contributing to job creation and productivity, this study examined activities of four Workforce Investment Boards in California and Michigan. Both states face unique employment and labour market challenges, which affect their growth and competitiveness. This chapter provides a labour market and economic overview of each region as well as the results from an OECD LEED statistical tool which looks at the relationship between skills supply and demand at the sub-national level.

  • Local Job Creation dashboard findings in the United States: California

    This chapter highlights findings from the Local Job Creation dashboard in California, United States. The findings are discussed through the four thematic areas of the review: 1) better aligning policies and programmes to local employment development; 2) adding value through skills; 3) targeting policy to local employment sectors and investing in quality jobs; and 4) inclusion.

  • Local Job Creation dashboard findings in the United States: Michigan

    This chapter highlights findings from the Local Job Creation dashboard in Michigan, United States. The findings are discussed through the four thematic areas of the review: 1) better aligning policies and programmes to local employment development; 2) adding value through skills; 3) targeting policy to local employment sectors and investing in quality jobs; and 4) inclusion.

  • Towards an action plan for jobs in the United States: Recommendations and best practices

    Stimulating job creation at the local level requires integrated actions across employment, training, and economic development portfolios. Co-ordinated place-based policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also contributing to shaping demand, thereby stimulating job creation and productivity. This requires flexible policy management frameworks, information, and integrated partnerships which leverage the efforts of employment, training, and economic development stakeholders. This chapter outlines the key recommendations emerging from the review of Local Job Creation policies in the United States.

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