The Governance of Land Use in Korea

Urban Regeneration

image of The Governance of Land Use in Korea

This report examines land-use trends, policies and practices in Korea, in particular in the city of Busan, through the lens of urban regeneration and citizen participation. Land-use planning is critical for the efficient and inclusive management of cities, pursuing sustainable and balanced development and improving quality of life and regional competitiveness. Korea has benefitted from comprehensive and well-structured, hierarchical land-use planning and urban regeneration frameworks. However, faced with a series of demographic and economic challenges, together with geographic factors and historical developments, Korea needs to re-evaluate land-use management and urban regeneration to leverage inclusive growth and boost competitiveness in Korean cities. This report argues that involving citizens in land-use planning and urban regeneration is essential to collect better quality information as a basis for plans, decisions and outcomes. This report is of relevant to urban planners, land use especialists, and city managers who work on urban regeneration projects and citizens’ participation.


Assessment and Recommendations

Since the 1950s, national spatial planning has played a key role in the socio-economic development of Korea. During this time, the focus of spatial planning has evolved from the modernisation of the industrial structure in the 1950s and 1960s to prioritising and promoting globalisation and sustainable development in the 2000s. Currently, spatial policies aim to pursue sustainable and balanced development, improve quality of life and enhance regional competitiveness. In this context, land-use planning and urban regeneration with a citizens-oriented approach form the core of Korean urban policies. Land-use planning is a critical tool to manage the development of land in an efficient manner, whereas urban regeneration seeks to address inner city decline by improving the economic, physical, social and environmental conditions of degenerated areas.


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