The Culture Fix

Creative People, Places and Industries

image of The Culture Fix

Cultural and creative sectors and industries are a significant source of jobs and income. They are a driver of innovation and creative skills, within cultural sectors and beyond. They also have significant social impacts, from supporting health and well-being, to promoting social inclusion and local social capital. As national and local governments reconsider growth models in the wake of COVID-19, cultural and creative sectors can be a tool for a resilient recovery if certain longer-term challenges in the sector are addressed. The report outlines international trends with new data, including at subnational scale. It addresses issues in cultural and creative sectors in terms of employment, business development, cultural participation and funding, both public and private. It provides analysis of how these sectors contribute to economic growth and inclusion, taking into account the impact of COVID-19 related crisis on jobs and firms. Finally, it offers recommendations on how to capitalise on the role of cultural and creative sectors in national and local recovery strategies.


Preface by the OECD

Why a culture fix? Cultural and creative industries combine aesthetics with economic returns, bringing revenues, greater value added and jobs to our cities and regions. Creative people working in practically all sectors of the economy spur innovation and help meet the challenges of the future. Culture makes our places more inclusive and more attractive to live and visit. And we all need our “dose” of culture for our well-being. But to reap these benefits in the recovery, we need to help “fix” the sector after its big hit from the COVID-19 crisis while also taking the opportunity to better leverage on its economic and social benefits through mainstreaming culture across policy portfolios, beyond cultural policy. And here the OECD can play a major role, complementing the work of the European Commission, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and other international efforts.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error