The Contribution of Migration to Regional Development

image of The Contribution of Migration to Regional Development

With many regions in OECD countries facing declining working age populations, the geographical dimension of migration has become crucial for regional development. Where migrants settle within countries and how much they contribute to the local economies are important questions for policy makers. This report aims to address these questions using two novel datasets that offer internationally comparable information on migration and migrants' labour market integration across cities, towns and rural areas in OECD countries. The report also analyses different dimensions of regional development and provides new evidence on how migrants contribute to regional income, innovation, international trade and labour markets.


The geography of migration across OECD regions and cities

This chapter analyses the scale and distribution of migration across regions and cities in OECD countries. First, it provides an overview of the geography of migrant populations across large regions. Second, it assesses how the share of migrants has evolved in recent years and examines what type of regions have attracted further migration. Finally, using novel data, the chapter examines migration granularly, eliciting patterns and trends of migration in small regions and different types of areas within OECD countries.


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