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The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities

image of The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities

Ports and cities are historically strongly linked, but the link between port and city growth has become weaker. Economic benefits often spill over to other regions, whereas negative impacts are localised in the port-city. How can ports regain their role as drivers of urban economic growth and how can negative port impacts be mitigated? Those are the questions that this report aims to answer.

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The impact of ports on their cities

This chapter provides an overview of the impact of ports, their terminals and their related economic sectors and activities. Despite their economic benefits, they also have negative impacts, particularly on the environment, land use and traffic. It assesses how these effects are distributed, and identifies a mismatch between negative impacts, which are mostly localised, and their benefits, which spill over to other regions. This mismatch has intensified in recent decades, due to technological, market and other developments. The concluding section of this chapter assesses future developments that could pose additional challenges to policy makers.

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