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The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities

image of The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities

Ports and cities are historically strongly linked, but the link between port and city growth has become weaker. Economic benefits often spill over to other regions, whereas negative impacts are localised in the port-city. How can ports regain their role as drivers of urban economic growth and how can negative port impacts be mitigated? Those are the questions that this report aims to answer.

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Increasing the local benefits from ports

How can competitive ports be turned into engines of urban economic growth? What are the policy options for port-cities and the main policy instruments, and what is their effectiveness? This section identifies three main models for port-based urban economies: maritime clusters, port-industrial development and port-related waterfront development. In addition, a side-option is presented that does not use the port as a source of economic growth but is based on diversification of the urban economy to decrease the dependence on the port economy. A “non-regret” option involves increased co-operation between port-cities. Such policy options are archetypical, as various port-cities have strategies that combine different models.

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