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Regional Development Policies in OECD Countries

image of Regional Development Policies in OECD Countries

Policy makers need both a handy reference guide to the regional policies of their own and other countries and a broader analysis of trends in regional policies, based on sound, comparable information. Regional Policies in OECD Countries responds to this need. It is the first systematic, comparative analysis of OECD countries’ regional policies.  

The report addresses fundamental regional policy concerns, such as: problem recognition; the objectives of regional policy; the legal/institutional framework; the urban/rural framework; budget structures; and the governance mechanisms linking national and sub-national governments as well as sectors.  

It begins with an overview of the regional policy today. This is followed by country profiles covering the 31 OECD members. The profiles share a common conceptual framework, allowing countries to see how their experiences measure up. The report also contains several annexes, which cover some of the countries that are candidates for accession to the OECD or with which the OECD has enhanced engagement. The annexes also cover the key topics of cross-border cooperation and trends in urban-rural linkages, especially efforts to control urban sprawl.  

The report will help countries to better understand regional policies and to formulate and diffuse horizontal policy recommendations. The analysis suggests an important role for regional policies in shaping sustainable endogenous development, in particular well-developed governance mechanisms to better respond to the different opportunities and demands of regions and to improve policy efficiency.  

This report is a unique source of regional policy information and of special interest to policy makers, researchers, and others engaging with regional development.

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Germany

The core problem in Germany is ongoing structural socio-economic disparities between old and new Länder, despite some positive developments in recent years which have facilitated closing the gap in major urban areas in the east. The new Länder not only continue to lag behind the rest of the county on key indicators such as GDP per capita and unemployment, but have also experienced significant demographic decline in recent years, partially due to the out-migration of younger, educated people. Some areas in the old Länder also face specific structural problems, for example, due to long-term industrial or agricultural restructuring.

English

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