Rebuilding Ukraine by Reinforcing Regional and Municipal Governance

image of Rebuilding Ukraine by Reinforcing Regional and Municipal Governance

EU Funded Note

Prior to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022, Ukraine had made significant progress in implementing ambitious regional development and decentralisation reforms. These reforms resulted in the creation of 1 469 amalgamated municipalities, the establishment of an elaborate multi-level regional development planning framework, as well as a significant increase in local public service delivery, and public funding for regional and local development. However, the reforms faced a number of challenges, many of which have been significantly exacerbated by Russia’s war against Ukraine. These challenges include increasing regional economic, demographic and well-being disparities, a fragmented regional development funding framework, as well as marked discrepancies in municipal administrative, human resource and fiscal capacity. This report presents an in-depth analysis of Ukraine’s progress in implementing its multi-level governance reforms and explores the role of subnational governments in disaster management. From there, it recommends how Ukraine, together with international partners, can use multi-level governance, regional development and decentralisation to support subnational reconstruction and recovery to address urgent humanitarian needs, rebuild local economies and communities, and strengthen their resilience.

English Also available in: Ukrainian

Assessment and recommendations

The parameters of this OECD publication were defined in 2020 and the data collection process was concluded prior to the Russian Federation’s large-scale aggression against Ukraine on 24 February 2022. However, in order to ensure the work remains as relevant as possible given the context of the war, the OECD, the Government of Ukraine and the European Union (EU) agreed to expand the scope of the collaboration by including a focus on the role of effective multi-level governance for post-war reconstruction and recovery. The main findings and recommendations on these topics are summarised below, encapsulating the report’s Part I, “Supporting post-war recovery with place-based regional development” (chapters 2-5), and Part II, “Making the most of decentralisation for post-war recovery (chapters 6-8).

English Also available in: Ukrainian, French

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