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OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Viet Nam

image of OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Viet Nam

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Viet Nam’s urban policies and analyses how national spatial planning for urban areas, along with specific sectoral policies, directly and indirectly affect Viet Nam’s urban development. It points to a number of policy areas which Viet Nam can tap into, in order to fully capitalise on the unique opportunities that its urbanisation process may bring about, including urban transport, housing, land, the quality of urban environment, and urban green growth. The review also assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of current urban governance arrangements, and makes recommendations for Viet Nam to develop an attractive and well-managed system of large and medium-sized cities, thereby contributing to achieving its sustainable development objectives.

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Viet Nam's urban structure and development trends

This chapter provides an overview of the urban structure, development trends and challenges of urban areas in Viet Nam. It first analyses Viet Nam’s urban structure in an internationally comparative context. Then it presents the urbanisation process in the country and analyses its economic drivers and impacts. It also covers the challenges for Viet Nam’s sustainable urban development. While most of the analysis is based on official data according to the administrative definition of urban areas in Viet Nam, it also introduces the Functional Urban Areas, providing a new picture of urban agglomerations in the country, grounded on settlement patterns.

English

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