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OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Viet Nam

image of OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Viet Nam

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Viet Nam’s urban policies and analyses how national spatial planning for urban areas, along with specific sectoral policies, directly and indirectly affect Viet Nam’s urban development. It points to a number of policy areas which Viet Nam can tap into, in order to fully capitalise on the unique opportunities that its urbanisation process may bring about, including urban transport, housing, land, the quality of urban environment, and urban green growth. The review also assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of current urban governance arrangements, and makes recommendations for Viet Nam to develop an attractive and well-managed system of large and medium-sized cities, thereby contributing to achieving its sustainable development objectives.

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Governing urbanisation in Viet Nam

This chapter is dedicated to evaluating Viet Nam’s urban governance architecture and institutions. It begins with an assessment of the current local government systems and inter-governmental relations and offers possible alternatives to improve co-ordination across levels of government. It also analyses urban governance system with a focus on horizontal co-ordination at the central level among national policy actors. It then explores local government finance, inter-governmental fiscal relations and overseas development aid and discusses how cities can make resources available to pay for urbanisation. Finally, it concludes with recommendations to strengthen civil service reform with a particular focus on subnational levels of government.

English

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