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OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan

image of OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan

Urbanisation is an important condition for economic development, but must be managed effectively if cities are to realise their potential as engines of national growth. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Kazakhstan’s urban policies in terms of economic, social and environmental impact. It analyses how national spatial planning for urban regions, along with specific sectoral policies, affect urban development directly and indirectly. It also looks at specific issues such as housing, public utilities, urban transport, and migration. The review assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of current urban governance arrangements, and makes recommendations for steps Kazakhstan can take to develop an attractive and well-managed system of large and medium-sized cities that can help it achieve its development objectives.

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Towards effective and sustainable urbanisation in KazakhstanThis chapter

This chapter looks at the major elements of urbanisation in Kazakhstan. It begins with an exploration of the origins of cities providing an understanding of the main focus of urban policies. This is followed by an examination of urban planning challenges and possible ways to improve urban planning practice in the country. The largest section of this chapter focuses on possible responses to urban development challenges. It explores alternatives to improve the land use planning system; analyses options to bridge the housing affordability gap; examines the need and ways to link land-use, transport and investment; assesses the different alternatives to improve the management of public utilities; and explores practical options to facilitate the free movement of people across urban centres.

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