OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan

image of OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan

Urbanisation is an important condition for economic development, but must be managed effectively if cities are to realise their potential as engines of national growth. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Kazakhstan’s urban policies in terms of economic, social and environmental impact. It analyses how national spatial planning for urban regions, along with specific sectoral policies, affect urban development directly and indirectly. It also looks at specific issues such as housing, public utilities, urban transport, and migration. The review assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of current urban governance arrangements, and makes recommendations for steps Kazakhstan can take to develop an attractive and well-managed system of large and medium-sized cities that can help it achieve its development objectives.

English Also available in: Russian

Kazakhstan's urban system and its challenges

This chapter provides an overview of the main trends and challenges of urban areas in Kazakhstan, with particular emphasis on the functional urban areas providing a new picture of urban agglomerations in the country. Specifically this chapter addresses: i) the main features of the urban structure of the country; ii) the moderate pace of urbanisation at the start of the 21st century; iii) the range of policy challenges facing cities in areas such as housing, public urban transport, public utilities and migration; and iv) the opportunities to foster innovation in cities.


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