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OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan

image of OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan

Urbanisation is an important condition for economic development, but must be managed effectively if cities are to realise their potential as engines of national growth. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Kazakhstan’s urban policies in terms of economic, social and environmental impact. It analyses how national spatial planning for urban regions, along with specific sectoral policies, affect urban development directly and indirectly. It also looks at specific issues such as housing, public utilities, urban transport, and migration. The review assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of current urban governance arrangements, and makes recommendations for steps Kazakhstan can take to develop an attractive and well-managed system of large and medium-sized cities that can help it achieve its development objectives.

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Foreword

By 2050, the world urban population is expected to nearly double. Urbanisation will be one of the most important transformations of the 21st century. The importance to the national economy of cities and their corresponding metropolitan areas makes them critical players in the international marketplace. Throughout OECD member and non-member countries, governments have renewed their support to cities and have adopted policies to solve traditional urban problems such as urban sprawl, abandoned districts and poverty, as well as newer issues such as competitiveness, city marketing, environmental sustainability and innovation. The adoption of the New Urban Agenda at Habitat III in October 2016 provides governments with a set of global standards in sustainable urban development and the way cities are built and managed.

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