OECD Territorial Reviews: The Megaregion of Western Scandinavia

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: The Megaregion of Western Scandinavia

In an increasingly globalised world, cities and regions sometimes join forces with their neighbours to form "megaregions" and tap economies of scale. This report discusses how eight cities and counties in Norway and Sweden - along the coast joining up Oslo, Gothenburg and Malmö - have decided to work closer together as the megaregion of “Western Scandinavia”. With a total population of about 5 million inhabitants, this cross-border territory shows good potential to draw on its growing economic and cultural interlinkages, as well as its long history of institutional collaboration, to build a stronger, more sustainable and more inclusive megaregion. The report encourages local authorities to identify a common vision for their shared future development and to take concrete action towards implementing it. It also calls for national governments to tackle the challenges of cross-border transport planning to facilitate greener mobility and more inclusive labour markets.



Executive summary

“Western Scandinavia” is an unofficial name that eight regional and local authorities have chosen collectively to designate the area of this OECD study – the 500-kilometre coastline joining up the capital of Norway (Oslo), the second- and third-largest cities in Sweden (Gothenburg and Malmö), and their hinterlands. Western Scandinavia brings together 30% of the Norwegian population and 33% of the Swedish population. It generates slightly less than the gross domestic product (GDP) of Norway (USD 228 billion) and about half of the GDP of Sweden (USD 400 billion). It also offers a high quality of life and a dynamic economic base.


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