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OECD Territorial Reviews: The Megaregion of Western Scandinavia

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: The Megaregion of Western Scandinavia

In an increasingly globalised world, cities and regions sometimes join forces with their neighbours to form "megaregions" and tap economies of scale. This report discusses how eight cities and counties in Norway and Sweden - along the coast joining up Oslo, Gothenburg and Malmö - have decided to work closer together as the megaregion of “Western Scandinavia”. With a total population of about 5 million inhabitants, this cross-border territory shows good potential to draw on its growing economic and cultural interlinkages, as well as its long history of institutional collaboration, to build a stronger, more sustainable and more inclusive megaregion. The report encourages local authorities to identify a common vision for their shared future development and to take concrete action towards implementing it. It also calls for national governments to tackle the challenges of cross-border transport planning to facilitate greener mobility and more inclusive labour markets.

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Connectivity in the Megaregion of Western Scandinavia

This chapter introduces the concept of megaregions and explores the potential of Western Scandinavia – an area that reflects the informal collaboration of cities and regions along the coast stretching from Oslo in Norway to Gothenburg and Malmö in Sweden – to develop as a megaregion. The chapter starts with a general introduction about megaregions. It then turns to a short assessment of Western Scandinavia, its quality of life and economic competitiveness, comparing outcomes to national and international trends. Finally, it analyses functional linkages within Western Scandinavia in order to assess its degree of integration.

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