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OECD Territorial Reviews: The Krasnoyarsk Agglomeration, Russian Federation

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: The Krasnoyarsk Agglomeration, Russian Federation

Bringing together the city of Krasnoyarsk and six adjacent smaller cities and rural districts, the Krasnoyarsk Agglomeration is increasingly emerging as the main economic hub of Eastern Siberia. Its relative weight in both population and economic activity continues to grow. This review examines the Agglomeration’s performance and potential, particularly with reference to such critical challenges as internal and external connectivity, human capital formation and innovation. These issues are analysed in the context of Krasnoyarsk’s unusual economic geography, which involves tremendous natural wealth, but also remote location, severe climatic conditions and relatively low density of settlement. Its experience is thus relevant to many remote, resource-rich regions across the globe.

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Assessment and recommendations

With a population of 1.175 million in 2011, the urban agglomeration constituted by the city of Krasnoyarsk and six adjacent municipalities is the economic and administrative centre of Krasnoyarsk Krai, the Russian Federation’s second-largest region by territory but also one of its most sparsely populated. The Krasnoyarsk Agglomeration is also the most important concentration of population and economic activity in Eastern Siberia. Its importance to the larger region is growing, moreover, as it is one of the few places in Siberia to experience population growth in recent years, against the backdrop of demographic decline at the level of both the Siberian Federal District and the Russian Federation as a whole.

English

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