OECD Territorial Reviews: Switzerland 2011

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Regions in Switzerland are performing well in many respects. They have high levels of GDP per capita and low unemployment rates, and some regions show impressive growth rates. In addition, Swiss regions have not been confronted with the challenges faced by many similar regions in the OECD, such as limited access to services and population decline due to ageing or emigration. Regional labour productivity growth still requires further policy attention.

In order to improve regional economic performance, Switzerland introduced the New Regional Policy (NRP) in 2008, following the 2002 OECD Territorial Review of Switzerland. The NRP reflects a clear shift of focus from infrastructure and financial assistance towards economic support for the creation of value added to the regional economy. The current review provides recommendations on how the impact of the NRP can be increased through extended territorial coverage, inter-cantonal co-operation, and co-ordination of sectoral policies. This review also takes a close look at regional innovation policies, arguing that a division of roles should be achieved, with the federal level funding research and technology transfer on a country-wide basis, and cantons providing innovation support according to functional areas.

English Also available in: French, German

Regional Innovation Policies in Switzerland

The Swiss New Regional Policy (NRP) places a focus on promoting innovation across the whole country. This chapter presents a critical analysis of the current framework of federal and regional innovation policies. It first discusses the instruments implemented at federal level and their potential role for promoting innovation in the region. It then assesses the state of development of innovation promotion initiatives at regional level, including those supported by the NRP, with a specific focus on the case of Eastern Switzerland. The chapter then concludes by identifying the main challenges for developing innovation policies in, and for regions in Switzerland, and derives policy recommendations for better articulation between policies and instruments developed at the levels of the Confederation and the cantons.

English Also available in: French, German

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