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OECD Territorial Reviews: Switzerland 2011

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: Switzerland 2011

Regions in Switzerland are performing well in many respects. They have high levels of GDP per capita and low unemployment rates, and some regions show impressive growth rates. In addition, Swiss regions have not been confronted with the challenges faced by many similar regions in the OECD, such as limited access to services and population decline due to ageing or emigration. Regional labour productivity growth still requires further policy attention.

In order to improve regional economic performance, Switzerland introduced the New Regional Policy (NRP) in 2008, following the 2002 OECD Territorial Review of Switzerland. The NRP reflects a clear shift of focus from infrastructure and financial assistance towards economic support for the creation of value added to the regional economy. The current review provides recommendations on how the impact of the NRP can be increased through extended territorial coverage, inter-cantonal co-operation, and co-ordination of sectoral policies. This review also takes a close look at regional innovation policies, arguing that a division of roles should be achieved, with the federal level funding research and technology transfer on a country-wide basis, and cantons providing innovation support according to functional areas.

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A New Regional Policy in Switzerland

Switzerland has introduced a New Regional Policy (NRP) to support regional value-added creation more effectively. This chapter explores four ways to maximise policy impact: i) extending the NRP’s territorial coverage to reduce economic fragmentation and support polycentric development; ii) designing stronger incentives for intercantonal co-operation to facilitate policy synergies within functional economic areas; iii) enhancing co-ordination with sectoral policies, possibly through a formal co-ordination (or a possible merger) between the NRP and agglomeration policy, and closer collaboration between the NRP and agricultural policy; and iv) building strategic management and evaluation capacity both at federal and cantonal levels, while abiding by the Swiss principle of subsidiarity.

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