OECD Territorial Reviews: Sweden 2017

Monitoring Progress in Multi-level Governance and Rural Policy

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: Sweden 2017

Sweden has long given priority to promoting both sustainable economic growth in its regions and equity among them. This report looks at the progress Sweden has made in its regional growth policy, multi-level governance system and rural policy. It also takes a more in-depth look at two topics of increasing importance: whether rural Sweden has been “left behind”, and issues of regional and municipal governance. The report suggests steps Sweden can take to address its regional and rural policy challenges. It also assesses to what degree Sweden has implemented the recommendations made in the 2010 OECD Territorial Review of Sweden.




Executive summary

Sweden’s deep-rooted commitment to equity and inclusive development is well recognised. Among OECD members, it consistently ranks in the top third in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and it maintains one of the lowest GINI indices of regional disparity in GDP per capita. Sweden, however, also faces regional-level challenges experienced in other OECD countries, such as an ageing population, internal migration and an influx of foreign migrants, including refugees. In addition, its rural areas are feeling “left behind”– not only in their development but also in the government discourse.


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