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OECD Territorial Reviews: Netherlands 2014

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: Netherlands 2014

The Dutch economy has been traditionally very competitive among OECD countries. The global financial crisis however has brought new challenges, especially during the second shock, from 2011 onwards. The government’s recovery plan, which includes various measures such as fiscal consolidation, stimulating innovation and sub-national government reform has an important territorial dimension. This review focuses on how sub-national institutions and development can help the Netherlands meet its challenges. In the short-term, factors such as the contribution of all regions, better use of resources, and more efficient provision of goods and services can help the recovery. In the long term, improving national competitiveness will largely depend on a strong performance of the polycentric city structure, which characterises the Netherlands. The key policy areas explored in this review include: the recently created top-sector innovation policy; decentralisation; and territorial reforms such as municipal and provincial re-scaling through mergers or co-operation.

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Regional development trends in the Netherlands

This chapter provides a diagnosis of the main sub-national trends in the Netherlands distinguishing between the period leading to the global financial crisis in 2008 and the period afterwards. The analysis focuses on the performance of Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) and provinces in the Netherlands with respect to other FUAs and regions in OECD countries. This chapter has four broad sections. The first focuses on the main macro-economic economic strengths and challenges. The section that follows measures the main sub-national characteristics in the Netherlands capturing the degree of concentration, the degree of inequality, the characteristic of urban city structure and the main areas of population growth and decline. Section 3 benchmarks the performance of FUAs and provinces in the Netherlands vis-à-vis FUAs of similar size and TL3 regions in the OECD respectively. The last and final section measures the main drivers of growth, particularly productivity growth at the sub-national level focusing on the agglomeration effects, human capital, infrastructure and accessibility and innovation.

English

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