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OECD Territorial Reviews: Luxembourg 2007

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: Luxembourg 2007

In the short span of just a few decades, Luxembourg has moved from a steel-based economy to one more broadly based on financial services.  But being nestled between three other countries, each with their own infrastructure and development issues presents challenges.  This review examines the economic trends and disparities within the region, including under-exploited assets.  It makes recommendations regarding planning, the urban-rural balance, housing and land policy, transport, and R&D and education.

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Policies and Strategies

The division of the Grand-Duchy into six “development regions” (North, West, Centre North, East, Centre South and South) is designed as a planning instrument for future rebalancing of the country’s territorial organisation. The Master Programme for Territorial Planning, adopted on 27 March 2003, thus provides a framework for establishing sectoral and regional master plans and other spatial organisation tools. The Land Occupancy Plans, an exceptional procedure that the communes are required to observe for planning developments of a certain scale and the communes’ General Development Plans (PAG) (Law of 19 July 2004) must therefore conform to the principles of the Master Programme. The regional plans have not yet been prepared, while the main sectoral plans are in the course of preparation. Putting together the regional plans requires co-operation among the communes and this could be facilitated by the provisions of the Grand-Duchy’s territorial and administrative reform (see Chapter 3).

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