OECD Territorial Reviews: Kazakhstan

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan has experienced a long period of high and sustained economic growth, largely driven by oil and gas exports. However, the drop in 2014 of the international price of oil highlighted the risks of dependence on natural resource activities. Kazakhstan must diversify its economic base to ensure that it can continue to “catch up” and move into higher value-added goods and services. This review looks at how a modern approach to regional development can help Kazakhstan by mobilising the growth potential of different parts of the economy and territory, supporting economic diversification and reducing regional inequalities.



Territorial governance in Kazakhstan

This chapter examines territorial governance in Kazakhstan, including its administrative structures and the relations between national, regional and local governments. The chapter describes the current government structure followed by intergovernmental relations and fiscal imbalances. Following this, the chapter examines multilevel governance gaps and the role and capacities of local governments, including their fiscal relations and budgets. The chapter ends by describing the provision of public goods by different levels of government and finally, outlines the path towards decentralisation.


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