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OECD Territorial Reviews: Colombia 2014

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: Colombia 2014

Regional development policy is a priority of Colombia’s government. The country has experienced sustained economic growth over the past decade; yet several territories still lack development opportunities. To promote growth in all regions the government has engaged in a series of reforms. For instance, it started allocating royalty payments generated by hydrocarbon resources to all departments and most municipalities, including those that are not endowed with natural resources. The reform also promotes better multilevel governance and represents a good policy practice for countries seeking to link natural resource development with regional development.

To support the current efforts of Colombia’s government, this report illustrates policy recommendations to help national authorities adopting a territorial approach to inclusive economic development. In particular, the OECD recommends to: a) improve the quantity and quality of regional statistics and formulate urban and rural taxonomies that help tailor policies to places; b) involve territorial constituencies in the design of policy interventions and allocate to them more implementation responsibilities within the framework of the National Development Plan; c) promote coordination among subnational bodies to scale up investment in territories to avoid that public investment – and royalty payments – gets dispersed in a myriad of small-scale projects.

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Integrity and citizen participation in regional Colombia

This chapter is divided into two main parts, discussing integrity in the public sector and citizen engagement with the policy process. The first, focused on integrity, explains the current legal framework, illustrates the challenges at stake and provides policy recommendations to encourage the current positive trend that characterises Colombia. The second section discusses citizen participation in Colombia, showcasing the current policy framework and – based on information collected in three local case studies – presents several policy recommendations to improve the current situation.

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