OECD Territorial Reviews: Chile 2009

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Chile has achieved strong economic growth during the last 20 years. Nevertheless, its economy depends on a few resource-based sectors located in a small number of regions. The performance of Chilean regions varies significantly and regional disparities in GDP per capita are very high compared to those in OECD countries. Chilean regions have thus far so not fully utilised their assets and reached their potential for growth. This report recommends moving towards a territorial approach to development in Chile in order to better adapt public management to the different opportunities and needs of the diverse territories of the country. Chilean regions would particularly benefit from context-specific policies to boost productivity, such as those targeting innovation and entrepreneurship, and to improve education and training.

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Regional Approaches to Economic Development Challenges

As observed in Chapter 1, the assets of Chile’s regions are very diverse, and their potential for growth will largely depend on how public policy is adapted to their specific characteristics. At the national level, this requires greater emphasis on “unlocking” regions’ potential to contribute more to national objectives. This leads in turn to renewed interest in regional policy as an integral element of national economic management and not simply as an instrument for reducing disparities. 


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