OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Spain 2009

image of OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Spain 2009
The radical transformation that Spanish rural areas have experienced in the past few decades suggest, as it has occurred in many OECD countries, a new approach to rural policy. Spain has recently undertaken a major reform of its rural policies, including the merger of the Ministry of Agriculture with the Ministry of the Environment and the recently approved Law on Sustainable Development of Rural Areas.  This new framework creates a multi-sectoral and place-based “rural policy of state”, making Spain better equipped to address the challenges and opportunities of rural areas.

This report – undertaken at the same time as the reforms were being implemented – will interest both policy makers engaged in similar reform processes and others working on issues such the “political economy” of reforms, rural tourism, renewable energies, rural clusters, development of peri-urban areas and public service delivery in remote rural areas.



Profile of Rural Spain

This chapter provides a detailed profile of Spain’s rural areas analyses its main trends and discusses its challenges and opportunities. Section 1.1 sets the context by discussing what is “rural” Spain; Section 1.2 addresses the main trends in four different subsections: population and migration, social well-being and equity, economic structure and performance and lastly environment and sustainability. Finally, Section 1.3 concludes by highlighting the main policy challenges for a nascent multi-sectoral framework of rural policy in Spain. 


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