OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Poland 2018

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Poland has seen impressive growth in recent years, and yet regional disparities in economic and social outcomes remain large by OECD standards. The overall living conditions in rural communities generally remain below those of urban communities, and rural households face higher poverty rates. This study examines the range of policies impacting rural development in Poland. It offers recommendations on how to boost agricultural productivity, support economic diversification, enhance inter-municipal co-ordination, deepen decentralisation, and improve multi-level governance.

English Polish


Profile of rural Poland

This chapter provides a diagnosis of rural Poland, identifying major trends, strengths and bottlenecks to development. The chapter begins by describing the key issues facing rural Poland. The second section provides a profile of rural Poland, including territorial divisions, population dynamics, settlement patterns and labour markets. The third section describes the rural economy, noting the prominence of agriculture and the need for economic diversification. The fourth section describes the key enabling factors of growth and development, skills, innovation and infrastructure. The fifth section describes quality of life in rural Poland. The chapter ends with a discussion of how rural areas are defined, which is very important in terms of how policies are structured and targeted to rural locales.


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