OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Poland 2018

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Poland has seen impressive growth in recent years, and yet regional disparities in economic and social outcomes remain large by OECD standards. The overall living conditions in rural communities generally remain below those of urban communities, and rural households face higher poverty rates. This study examines the range of policies impacting rural development in Poland. It offers recommendations on how to boost agricultural productivity, support economic diversification, enhance inter-municipal co-ordination, deepen decentralisation, and improve multi-level governance.

English Polish


Governance and implementing the Strategy for Responsible Development

Effective multi-level governance and deepened decentralisation are key to Poland achieving its rural development objectives. While Poland has made great progress in adopting a strategic framework for rural policies, silos and gaps remain. This chapter discusses these issues in two parts. The first section discusses the governance of rural policy, including the role of the European Union, the national co-ordination of sectoral and territorial policies, the capacity of subnational governments, inter-municipal partnerships, and community-based development. The second section discusses the national government’s new Strategy for Responsible Development, which sets a strong vision for rural development in Poland – one that can only be realised through effective multi-level governance and enhanced regional and local capacity.


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