OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Poland 2018

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Poland has seen impressive growth in recent years, and yet regional disparities in economic and social outcomes remain large by OECD standards. The overall living conditions in rural communities generally remain below those of urban communities, and rural households face higher poverty rates. This study examines the range of policies impacting rural development in Poland. It offers recommendations on how to boost agricultural productivity, support economic diversification, enhance inter-municipal co-ordination, deepen decentralisation, and improve multi-level governance.

English Polish



Rural regions have increasingly diverse economies, depending on a wide range of economic engines for employment and economic growth. International trade, improved communications and reduced transportation costs have propelled economic and social change in rural areas. Given this diversity, traditional policies to subsidise farming have not been able to harness the potential of these economic engines. As such, the OECD has long advocated for a territorial approach to rural development that has positioned rural policy as an investment strategy to promote competitiveness and wellbeing in rural regions. Such an approach can help rural areas seize opportunities and build on their existing assets, such as location, natural resources, natural and cultural amenities and social capital.


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