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OECD Rural Policy Reviews, Italy 2009

image of OECD Rural Policy Reviews, Italy 2009

OECD's comprehensive review of rural policy in Italy.  On average, rural regions in Italy have some of the highest GDP per capita among the OECD countries, yet unexploited potential remains. This analysis of rural Italy reveals heterogeneous economic conditions, an increasing elderly population and a diminished focus on environmental concerns. This suggests the need for a broader rural policy approach that reflects the changing demands upon rural resources and that considers other aspects of rurality including health, education and quality of life. 

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Policy Assessment

This chapter describes the RDP approach in Italy, and pays particular attention to the National Strategy Plan (NSP) and the National Strategic Framework (NSF), which are the two key programming instruments for rural policy in Italy. In addition, this chapter analyses the current spending in rural areas and discusses the governance mechanisms underpinning the design and delivery of rural policy. It also features a close-up of the governance structure of 3 rural Regions in Italy; Calabria, Veneto and Emilia- Romagna. The chapter is structured as follows. The first section reviews the evolution of the Italian approach to rural development and rural policy. The second discusses the current policy focus, subsequent spending decisions and governance framework. Finally, the aspects of governance and spending that characterise rural policy design and implementation in three diverse rural regions are analysed.

English

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