1887

OECD Rural Policy Reviews: England, United Kingdom 2011

image of OECD Rural Policy Reviews: England, United Kingdom 2011

Rural England plays a significant role in the economy of the United Kingdom, but an even larger social and cultural role. And it is unique among OECD regions, in that it is geographically compact, with rural inhabitants generally no more than a half hour’s drive from an urban area. There is thus a vast amount of interaction between rural and urban populations in England.

England’s rural population is, on average, doing better than the urban population across a broad range of socio-economic indicators. Nevertheless, rural England is also struggling with pockets of poverty and social exclusion, difficulties in maintaining access to high quality public services, an ageing population, and, most importantly, a widespread shortage of affordable housing.

The government has adopted mainstreaming as its rural policy strategy. The objective of mainstreaming is to ensure that people in rural England have access to the same policies and programmes as those available in urban England. While mainstreaming is an attractive policy approach, especially in a country with strong rural-urban interactions such as England, it has proved challenging to implement for different reasons. This report examines the mainstreaming policy response as applied to rural England and suggests ways to increase its effectiveness.

The report will interest academics and policy makers alike as it includes a discussion on governance structures and decentralisation; delivering public services; economic development; and the importance of improving connectivity in the context of rural areas.  While the focus is on rural England, other OECD member countries will also benefit from the insights provided.

English

.

Policy Recommendations for Rural England

Based on the analysis of the English rural context and the current approach to rural development, this chapter offers a number of policy recommendations to help mainstreaming and rural mainstreaming better adapt to the heterogeneous and rapidly evolving context in rural England. The recommendations are captured under six overarching themes that emerged as a way to organise policy to enhance rural development in England. These are: i) develop more effective governance structures in the framework of decreasing budget outlays; ii) enhance mainstreaming to increase the impact on rural communities; iii) bridge a key divide by considering the needs of rural citizens in the Regional City framework; iv) strengthen the rural economy; v) ensure equitable access to services; and vi) expand connectivity.

English

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error