OECD Rural Policy Reviews: England, United Kingdom 2011

image of OECD Rural Policy Reviews: England, United Kingdom 2011

Rural England plays a significant role in the economy of the United Kingdom, but an even larger social and cultural role. And it is unique among OECD regions, in that it is geographically compact, with rural inhabitants generally no more than a half hour’s drive from an urban area. There is thus a vast amount of interaction between rural and urban populations in England.

England’s rural population is, on average, doing better than the urban population across a broad range of socio-economic indicators. Nevertheless, rural England is also struggling with pockets of poverty and social exclusion, difficulties in maintaining access to high quality public services, an ageing population, and, most importantly, a widespread shortage of affordable housing.

The government has adopted mainstreaming as its rural policy strategy. The objective of mainstreaming is to ensure that people in rural England have access to the same policies and programmes as those available in urban England. While mainstreaming is an attractive policy approach, especially in a country with strong rural-urban interactions such as England, it has proved challenging to implement for different reasons. This report examines the mainstreaming policy response as applied to rural England and suggests ways to increase its effectiveness.

The report will interest academics and policy makers alike as it includes a discussion on governance structures and decentralisation; delivering public services; economic development; and the importance of improving connectivity in the context of rural areas.  While the focus is on rural England, other OECD member countries will also benefit from the insights provided.


Assessment of England's Rural Policy

This chapter analyses England’s rural mainstreaming, within the context of the OECD’s New Rural Paradigm (NRP). It begins with a discussion of the NRP and the different types of policy permutation that flow from it, and inherent challenges associated with each. The analysis then moves to the complexities associated with: mainstreaming rural, rural proofing and improving the “rural evidence”. This is followed by a discussion on devolution and the importance of maximising the rural voice in England. Devolution and subsidiarity in particular are very important concepts in the United Kingdom. A discussion on decentralisation elucidates the “pitfalls” or “gaps” that become visible when the commitment to devolution varies. The last sections assess the critical issues related to housing, service delivery and the links between English Policy and EU policy. Throughout this chapter, critical issues are put forward that appear to be obstacles to a more efficient and effective rural policy in England.


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