OECD Rural Policy Reviews: China 2009

image of OECD Rural Policy Reviews: China 2009

With more than 700 million residents living in rural areas, China is still a predominantly rural country. But despite substantial improvements in standards of living, the Chinese countryside is largely lagging behind. This report analyses the key socio-economic forces at work in China's rural areas and discusses the current government strategy for rural development. It argues that in order to bridge rural-urban divides the current policy approach needs to go further in recognising rural-urban complementarities beyond agriculture and that food-security targets need to be balanced with wider rural development objectives.



Policy Recommendations

A more effective and inclusive rural governance system is a pre-condition for addressing rural China’s most pressing challenges. In order to realise enhanced multi-level governance, several measures are key: First, a more integrated, strategic approach to rural development at the central level might include the strengthening and formalisation of cross-sectoral coordination, oversight and financial assignments. Experience in OECD countries with co-ordination mechanisms defined by law, the creation of integrated ministries or “rural proofing” mechanisms could be helpful.


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